A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel-Group, Multicenter Study to Evaluate the Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of JNJ-40411813 as Adjunctive Therapy in Subjects With Focal Onset Seizures With Suboptimal Response to Levetiracetam or Brivaracetam

  • End date
    Apr 15, 2026
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Updated on 20 October 2022


The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of up to 3 dose levels of adjunctive JNJ-40411813 compared to placebo based on the time to baseline monthly seizure count in participants with focal onset seizures who are receiving levetiracetam or brivaracetam and up to 3 other anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) (double-blind treatment period) and to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of adjunctive therapy with JNJ-40411813 in participants with epilepsy (open-label extension [OLE] period).


JNJ-40411813 is a positive allosteric modulator (PAM) of the metabotropic glutamate receptor-2 (mGlu2), which is abundantly expressed in the forebrain and cerebellum. The mGlu2 receptor functions as a presynaptic auto-receptor that, upon activation, decreases the release of the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate. Positive allosteric modulation of a receptor will result in the direct enhancement of the agonist-induced signal while PAMs themselves have generally no or low intrinsic activity at the receptor. The net effect of JNJ-40411813 is hypothesized to be a normalization of hyper-glutamatergic transmission. JNJ-40411813 is being evaluated for the treatment of disorders of the central nervous systems (CNS), such as epilepsy, and has been evaluated in schizophrenia and anxious depression. This study will consist of 1 to a maximum of 3 cohorts. In each cohort, for each participant the study consists of a screening period (up to minus [-] 8 weeks), an 8-week prospective pretreatment baseline period, an up to 12-week double-blind treatment period and a 2-year OLE period or a follow-up telephone visit 2 weeks after the last dose of study intervention. Safety assessments including physical and neurological examination, vital signs, 12 lead electrocardiogram (ECG), clinical chemistry, hematology, and urinalysis will be performed. The total maximal duration of the study is up to 2 years and 5 months.

Condition Focal Onset Seizures
Treatment Placebo, JNJ-40411813
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04836559
SponsorJanssen Research & Development, LLC
Last Modified on20 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Body mass index (BMI) between 18 and 35 kilogram per meter square (kg/m^2, inclusive (BMI = weight/height^2). Minimum body weight should be 40-kilogram (kg)
Established diagnosis of focal epilepsy, for at least 1 year using the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) criteria. Participants should not be enrolled if they are known to have had fewer than 3 or more than 100 seizures in any monthly period in the past 6 months. It is preferred that participants have experience in maintaining a seizure e-diary
Must have had a neuroimaging procedure within 10 years, including a computed tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), that excluded a progressive neurologic disorder; these procedures may be performed within the 8-week baseline period
Cohort 1: Current treatment with at least 1 and up to 4 anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) (including levetiracetam), administered at stable dosage(s) for at least 1 month before screening, and no new AEDs added for the previous 2 months; these AEDs must remain unchanged throughout the pretreatment and double-blind treatment periods (with the exception of dosage reductions of concomitant AEDs because of suspected elevated AED levels or side effects) Cohort 2 and beyond: Current treatment with at least 1 and up to 4 AEDs (including levetiracetam or brivaracetam), administered at the appropriate dosage(s) and for a sufficient treatment period before screening. These AEDs must remain unchanged throughout the pretreatment and double-blind treatment periods (with the exception of dosage reductions of concomitant AEDs because of suspected elevated AED levels or side effects). Important note: screening of participants receiving brivaracetam will start when enrolling for Cohort 2
Currently showing inadequate response to levetiracetam, administered at the appropriate dosage(s) and for a sufficient treatment period, based on the judgment of the investigator
Healthy based on clinical laboratory tests, physical examination, medical history, vital signs, and 12-lead ECG
Men or women between 18 and 69 years old

Exclusion Criteria

Have a generalized epileptic syndrome
Diagnosis of Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome
Currently experiencing seizures that cannot be counted accurately
History of any current or past nonepileptic seizures, including psychogenic seizures
Known allergies, hypersensitivity, or intolerance to placebo, JNJ-40411813 or its excipients
Current treatment with vagus nerve stimulation, deep brain and cortical stimulation for 1 year or less
Planned epilepsy surgery within the next 6 months or completed epilepsy surgery less than (<) 6 months ago
Current treatment with vigabatrin
History of malignancy within 5 years before screening (exceptions are squamous and basal cell carcinomas of the skin and carcinoma in situ of the cervix, or malignancy, which is considered cured with minimal risk of recurrence)
Current or past (within the past year) major psychotic disorder, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or other psychotic conditions, recent (within the past 6 months) interictal psychosis, and major depressive disorder (MDD) with psychotic features
Exacerbation of MDD within the past 6 months; antidepressant use is allowed
Has a current or recent history of clinically significant suicidal ideation within the past 6 months, corresponding to a score of 4 (active suicidal ideation with some intent to act, without specific plan) or 5 (active suicidal ideation with specific plan and intent) for ideation on the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS), or a history of suicidal behavior within the past 1 year, as validated by the CSSRS at screening
Has a history of at least mild drug or alcohol use disorder according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (DSM-5) criteria within 1 year before Screening
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