Use of Non-ablative Vaginal Erbium YAG Laser for the Treatment of Prolapse

  • End date
    Dec 31, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Universitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven
Updated on 11 May 2021


This is a single center, investigator initiated study, sponsored by the UZ Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; comparing laser treatment to pelvic floor exercises (PFE).

Women with symptomatic prolapse (grade II-IV) who seek for a conservative treatment, with no history of previous POP-surgery will be randomised to either the laser-arm or the PFE-arm.

There are 3 visits where vaginal application of laser will be performed, with a 4-weeks interval. Each application lasts around 15 minutes. The vaginal laser procedure will be performed in an outpatient setting, not requiring any specific preparation, analgesia or anesthesia, by one of two experienced operators.

The primary objective is to evaluate the effects of VEL treatment for reduction of prolapse symptoms and as a secondary outcome objective measurements. These endpoints are in line with the recommendations by Durnea et al., as being the most relevant and patient centered outcomes.

The second goals are to register adverse events and to determine for how long the effects of laser are sustained, with a maximum of two years. To do so, the investigators will measure long term satisfaction with, and the longevity of the effect (measured by the need for repeat or alternative therapy) of laser therapy.

Duration of follow-up per patient: max 27 months

Condition Ptosis, Genitourinary Prolapse, prolapse, prolapses
Treatment Non-ablative vaginal Erbium YAG laser treatment, Pelvic floor exercises (PFE)
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04523298
SponsorUniversitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven
Last Modified on11 May 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

The presence of POP symptoms
Diagnosis of cystocele or rectocele of grade II to IV according to the POP-Q system, leading the prolapse (i.e. C Ba/Bp)
Voluntary informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

Symptoms or anatomical evidence for intussusception / rectal prolapse
Leading descent of the middle compartment (C > Ba/Bp)
Grade IV prolapse
Previous POP surgery
Pregnancy or <12 months postpartum
Vaginal bleeding, injuries or infection in the treated area
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