Treatment of MDS/AML Patients With an Impending Hematological Relapse With AZA or ATA and Pevonedistat

  • End date
    Apr 5, 2026
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University of Leipzig
Updated on 5 May 2021


MDS/AML with MRD and impending relapse after allogeneic stem cell transplantation and/or conventional chemotherapy


Experimental arm: pevonedistat in combination with azacitidine Control arm: azacitidine alone

With the following modifications:

  • Patients on the azacitidine arm and still MRD+ at 3 months but without hematological relapse can cross over to the combination arm
  • Cross over into the combination arm is possible any time up to 9 months of study treatment if initially responding patients (at 3 months) on AZA monotherapy become MRD positive again
  • Maximum treatment duration of 1 year
  • Patients receive pevonedistat at 20 mg/m2 i.v. (d1,3,5, q4w); azacitidine is given at a standard dose of 75 mg/m i.v. or s.c. (d1-7 or 1-5,8,9, q4w)

Condition Bone marrow disorder, Minimal Residual Disease, Preleukemia, MYELODYSPLASTIC SYNDROME, Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS), Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission, myelodysplastic syndromes, myelodysplastic syndrome (mds)
Treatment Azacitidine, Pevonedistat
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04712942
SponsorUniversity of Leipzig
Last Modified on5 May 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

continuing first CR after conventional intensive chemotherapy OR continuing CR after alloSCT
Confirmed MRD positivity (assessed by central lab) as defined by
NPM1mut status >1% in peripheral blood or bone marrow in NPM1 mutated patients at diagnosis or
Patients after allogeneic transplantation, who were NPM1 unmutated at diagnosis and have a blood or marrow CD34/CD117 chimerism <80%

Exclusion Criteria

Compliance with major study procedures
Patient does not accept bone marrow sampling during screening, primary end point visit and after the treatment
Patient does not accept several blood sampling during screening, treatment (up to bi-daily) and after the treatment
Inadequate organ function as defined in the list below
White blood cell (WBC) count > 50 Gpt/L before administration of pevonedistat on Cycle 1 Day 1
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) < 1.5 Gpt/L
Platelets < 100 Gpt/L
Albumin < 2.7 g/dL
Creatinine clearance < 30 mL/min (Cockcroft und Gault formula)
Total bilirubin > 1.5xupper limit of normal (ULN) except in patients with Gilbert's syndrome. Patients with Gilbert's syndrome may be enrolled if direct bilirubin > 1.5x ULN of the direct bilirubin
Both Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) > 3.0 ULN
ECOG performance status of 2
Concomitant Diseases
Hematological relapse
Liver cirrhosis or severe pre-existing hepatic impairment
Known severe cardiopulmonary disease (e.g. unstable angina, congestive heart failure NYHA III or IV, myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to screening, symptomatic cardiomyopathy, clinically significant arrhythmia, clinically significant pulmonary hypertension requiring pharmacologic therapy)
Uncontrolled high blood pressure (i.e. systolic blood pressure > 180 mm Hg, diastolic blood pressure > 95 mm Hg)
Confirmed prolonged rate corrected QT interval 500 msec, calculated according to institutional guidelines (Screening ECG)
Confirmed left ventricular ejection fraction < 50% as assessed by echocardiogram or radionuclide angiography (Screening TTE)
Known moderate to severe symptomatic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, interstitial lung disease, or pulmonary fibrosis
Active uncontrolled infection or severe infectious disease, such as severe pneumonia, meningitis, or septicemia
Known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial
Known Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV 1/2 antibodies)
Known active Hepatitis B (i.e. HBsAg reactive) or Hepatitis C (i.e., HCV RNA [qualitative] is detected). NOTE: Patients who have isolated positive hepatitis B core antibody (i.e. in the setting of negative hepatitis B surface antigen and negative hepatitis B surface antibody) must have an undetectable hepatitis B viral load. Patients who have positive hepatitis C antibody may be included if they have an undetectable hepatitis C viral load
Major surgery within 14 days of randomization or a scheduled surgery during study period
Known central nervous system (CNS) involvement
Diagnosis or treatment for another malignancy within 2 years before randomization. (NOTE: Patients with non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of any type are not excluded if they have undergone resection. Prior diagnosis of myelodysplasia, myeloproliferative neoplasm, or aplastic anemia and treatment for that diagnosis does not lead to exclusion)
Any evidence of residual disease of another malignancy
Patients with uncontrolled coagulopathy or bleeding disorder
History or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator
Unexpected effect of HMA monotherapy
Prior HMA failure
Prior HMA treatment without subsequent allogeneic transplantation
Interfering Treatments
Any ongoing therapy with investigational agents or chemotherapeutic agents active against MDS or AML
BCRP inhibitors (for exceptions, see section 5.7.5) are not permitted during the study and should be stopped 14 days before first dose of the study drug
Exclusion criteria regarding special restrictions for females of childbearing
Current or planned pregnancy or nursing women (negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 3 days prior to receiving study treatment is needed. If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test needs to be required.)
Female patients of childbearing potential, who are not using or not willing to use 1 highly effective method and 1 additional effective (barrier) method of contraception, at the same time, from the time of signing the informed consent through 4 months after the last dose of study drug. Note: Abstinence is acceptable if this is the usual lifestyle and preferred contraception for the subject
Female patients who intend to donate eggs (ova) during the course of this study or 4 months after receiving their last dose of study drug(s)
Exclusion criteria regarding special restrictions for males, even if
surgically sterilized (i.e. status post vasectomy)
Male patients, who do not agree to use an adequate method of contraception, starting with the first dose of study therapy during the entire study treatment period and through 4 months after the last dose of study drug. Note: Abstinence is acceptable if this is the usual lifestyle and preferred contraception for the subject
Male patients who intend to donate sperm during the course of this study or 4 months after receiving their last dose of study drug(s)
Regulatory requirements
Age under 18 years at registration
Inability to provide written informed consent
Subject without legal capacity who is unable to understand the nature, scope, significance and consequences of this clinical trial
Simultaneous participation in another interventional clinical trial or participation in any clinical trial involving administration of an investigational medicinal product within 30 days prior to SHAPE trial beginning
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