Predicting Response to Neoadjuvant ATEZOLIZUMAB Plus Carboplatin/Nab Paclitaxel in Resectable Non-squamous NSCLC

  • End date
    Dec 30, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University Hospital Heidelberg
Updated on 7 May 2021


Exploratory study evaluating the potential of immune signature profiling for predicting response in patients with resectable Stage II, IIIA and select IIIB (T3N2 only) non-squamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) to neoadjuvant ATEZOLIZUMAB plus Carboplatin/nab Paclitaxel

Atezolizumab is given as intravenous infusion at a fixed dose of 1200 mg, day 1 of each 21-day cycle (every 3 weeks) for 3 cycles during the neoadjuvant treatment phase, Carboplatin at an initial dose of AUC 5 mg/mL/min, intravenously day 1 of each 21-day cycle for 3 cycles during the neoadjuvant treatment Phase, and Nab-Paclitaxel (Abraxane) at 100 mg/m2, intravenously day 1, 8 and 15 of each 21-day cycle for 3 cycles during the neoadjuvant treatment phase. Surgery after the 3rd cycle Atezolizumab / Carboplatin / Nab-Paclitaxel is standard procedure.


In early stages of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), surgical treatment with curative intent is the treatment of choice. Adjuvant chemotherapy is standard of care for fully resected stage II, IIIA, or select IIIB [T3N2] NSCLC to improve survival outcome as compared to surgery alone. Neoadjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy has become a widely accepted alternative therapy. Chemotherapy regimens used in the adjuvant and neoadjuvant settings consist of platinum-based doublets. With the successful development of cancer immunotherapy in advanced NSCLC, several (neo)adjuvant studies of anti-PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors are currently being conducted in resectable early-stage NSCLC.

The IREP study explores neoadjuvant immunochemotherapy with three cycles of atezolizumab, carboplatin and nab-paclitaxel in patients with histologically confirmed and resectable non-squamous NSCLC Stage II, IIIA or select IIIB (T3N2 only). The primary endpoint of the study is the Major Pathologic Response (MPR) rate (10% residual viable tumor cells) at surgery. Secondary endpoints include EFS and OS, safety endpoints as well as analyses of molecular and immunological biomarkers that are predictive of response to the neoadjuvant immunochemotherapy treatment.

Atezolizumab is given as intravenous infusion at a fixed dose of 1200 mg day 1, carboplatin at an initial dose of AUC 5 mg/mL/min intravenously day 1 and nab-paclitaxel at 100 mg/m2 intravenously day 1, 8 and 15 of each 21-day cycle (every 3 weeks) for 3 cycles during the neoadjuvant treatment phase. Subsequent surgery is standard procedure with standard lobectomy / bi-lobectomy with systematic lymph node dissection.

Condition NSCLC Stage II, NSCLC Stage IIIB, NSCLC, Stage IIIA, NSCLC, Stage IIIA
Treatment Atezolizumab
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04865250
SponsorUniversity Hospital Heidelberg
Last Modified on7 May 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Informed consent, patients age 18-year-old including, signed and dated
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1
Histologically confirmed NSCLC of non-squamous histology, cStage II, IIIA or select IIIB (T3N2 only); for T-status T3 allowed; for N2 patients only IIIa1-3 Robinson classification allowed
Deemed surgically resectable with curative intent by an attending thoracic surgeon after adequate staging including PET-CT
Adequate lung and cardiac function for intended lung resection according to German S3 regulation
Radiologically measurable disease as defined by response evaluation criteria in solid tumors RECIST v1.1
Sufficient availability of the tissue sample from primary tumor before start of neoadjuvant treatment
Females of child-bearing potential must agree to use, and be able to comply with, effective contraception (</=1% failure rate annually) without interruption, 28 days prior to starting therapy (including dose interruptions), and while on study medication or for a period of 120 days after the last dose of study medication
Females must have a negative serum pregnancy test ( -hCG) result at screening and agree to ongoing pregnancy testing during the course of the study, and after the end of study therapy
Male subjects must practice true abstinence or agree to use a condom during sexual contact with a pregnant female or a female of childbearing potential while participating in the study, during dose interruptions and for 6 months following treatment discontinuation, even if he has undergone a successful vasectomy
adequate renal, hepatic, and bone marrow function as defined below
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1500/l
Platelet count 100000/l
Hemoglobin 9 g/dl (can be post-transfusion)
International normalized ratio (INR) 1.4 in patients not receiving anticoagulation; for patients receiving respective anticoagulation an INR 3.0 allowed
Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) in patients not receiving anticoagulation; for patients receiving respective anticoagulation a PTT 2.5 ULN allowed
Bilirubin < 1.5 times ULN (for patients with known Gilbert disease Bilirubin 3 times ULN allowed)
ALT and AST < 2.5 times ULN
Creatinine 1.5 ULN or calculated creatinine clearance > 60 ml/min for subjects with creatinine levels > 1.5 ULN; for patients meeting the criterion of creatinine 1.5 ULN also a calculated creatinine clearance of > 30 ml/min is mandatory

Exclusion Criteria

Illness or condition that may interfere with a patient's capacity to understand, follow, and/or comply with study procedures
Treatment in any other clinical trial within 30 days before screening
NSCLC Stage cT4
NSCLC stage cN3 or cN2 IIIA4 (bulky or fixed multi-station N2 disease) according to Robinson classification
NSCLC of squamous cell histology
Any prior therapy for lung cancer (including systemic therapy, radiotherapy or major surgery)
Malignancies other than NSCLC within 5 years prior to study inclusion with the exception of malignancies with a negligible risk of metastasis or death (5-year OS > 90%) like localized prostate cancer, ductal carcinoma in situ, adequately treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix, Stage I uterine cancer or non-melanoma skin carcinoma
History of allogeneic tissue / solid organ transplant or allogeneic stem cell transplantation
Patients with active hepatitis B or C infections or a history of HIV infection
Pregnant or lactating women
Active autoimmune disease or history of severe autoimmune disease or immunodeficiency or a syndrome that requires systemic steroids or immunosuppressive agents
The following exceptions are granted
patients with vitiligo, eczema, lichen simplex or resolved childhood asthma/atopy
subjects requiring intermittent use of bronchodilatators or local steroid injections
patients with hypothyroidism stable on hormone replacement
Treatment with systemic immunosuppressive medications (including but not limited to prednisone, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, and anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) agents) within 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1 (except low-dose steroids for adrenal failure or emesis prophylaxis)
History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, interstitial lung disease, organizing pneumonia, drug-induced pneumonitis, or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest Computed Tomography (CT) scan
Prior treatment with cluster of differentiation 137 (CD137) agonist or immune checkpoint blockade therapies, anti-programmed-death-1 (anti-PD-1), and anti-PD-L1 therapeutic antibody
Live vaccine within 30 days prior to first dose of trial treatment
Cerebrovascular accident within the past 6 months
Severe infection or significant traumatic injury within the past 4 weeks
Clinically significant history of cardiovascular disease, including any of the
Myocardial infarction or unstable angina within the past 6 months
New York Heart Association class II, III-IV congestive heart failure
Poorly controlled cardiac arrhythmia despite medication, except rate-controlled atrial fibrillation
Known allergy or hypersensitivity to any component of the chemotherapy regimen Patients who have been incarcerated or involuntarily institutionalized by court order or by the authorities, as well as patients who are unable to consent because they do not understand the nature, significance and implications of the clinical trial
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