Gallium-68 Labeled Pentixafor PET/CT in Adrenal Masses

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 1, 2022
  • participants needed
    150
  • sponsor
    Peking Union Medical College Hospital
Updated on 7 May 2021

Summary

The CXC chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4), which is a G protein-coupled receptor expressed on the surface of the cell membrane, contributes to the development and progression of malignancies and functional endocrine disorders. CXCR4 expression has been reported to be upregulated in aldosterone-producing adenomas and cortisol-producing adenomas; however, its expression is almost negligible in non-functioning adrenal adenomas. Besides, CXCR4 is also hardly expressed by the tumor cells in paragangliomas. 68Ga-pentixafor, a CXCR4-specific PET tracer, may therefore be effective for the evaluation of the functional lateralization of adrenal lesion and identification of functional adrenocortical adenomas. In this pilot study, we aimed to develop 68Ga-pentixafor PET/CT as a noninvasive test for the recognition of functional adrenocortical lesions and to help guide the management of patients with suspicious adrenal masses.

Description

Identifying the functional distinctions between adrenal nodules remains challenging. It is imperative to employ the least invasive approach for the functional evaluation of adrenal masses (e.g., adrenal venous sampling) without compromising efficacy. The conventional functional diagnosis protocol of adrenal masses is based on a combination of clinical symptoms, the presence of adrenal hormonal disorders, and radiographic features. However, the clinical manifestations of endocrine diseases are diverse, and a lack of uniformity in diagnostic protocols and assay methods for determining hormonal activation in adrenal disorders results in a significant variability in measurements. Besides, conventional imaging provides information of the morphology of a lesion, but not its functional status. Thus, an effective and non-invasive workup is needed for the characterization of adrenal masses and their therapeutic management.

Details
Condition adrenal mass, adrenal masses
Treatment Gallium-68 Pentixafor PET/CT
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04859959
SponsorPeking Union Medical College Hospital
Last Modified on7 May 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Written informed consent
Patients with adrenal diseases
A diagnostic computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the adrenal region within the previous 6 months prior to dosing day is available

Exclusion Criteria

Pregnant or breast-feeding women
Prior or planned administration of a radiopharmaceutical within 8 half-lives of the radionuclide used on such radiopharmaceutical including at any time during the current study
Any mental condition rendering the patient unable to understand the nature, scope and possible consequences of the study, and/or evidence of an uncooperative attitude
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