Gallium-68 Labeled Pentixafor PET/CT in Adrenal Masses

  • End date
    Dec 1, 2022
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Peking Union Medical College Hospital
Updated on 7 May 2021


The CXC chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4), which is a G protein-coupled receptor expressed on the surface of the cell membrane, contributes to the development and progression of malignancies and functional endocrine disorders. CXCR4 expression has been reported to be upregulated in aldosterone-producing adenomas and cortisol-producing adenomas; however, its expression is almost negligible in non-functioning adrenal adenomas. Besides, CXCR4 is also hardly expressed by the tumor cells in paragangliomas. 68Ga-pentixafor, a CXCR4-specific PET tracer, may therefore be effective for the evaluation of the functional lateralization of adrenal lesion and identification of functional adrenocortical adenomas. In this pilot study, we aimed to develop 68Ga-pentixafor PET/CT as a noninvasive test for the recognition of functional adrenocortical lesions and to help guide the management of patients with suspicious adrenal masses.


Identifying the functional distinctions between adrenal nodules remains challenging. It is imperative to employ the least invasive approach for the functional evaluation of adrenal masses (e.g., adrenal venous sampling) without compromising efficacy. The conventional functional diagnosis protocol of adrenal masses is based on a combination of clinical symptoms, the presence of adrenal hormonal disorders, and radiographic features. However, the clinical manifestations of endocrine diseases are diverse, and a lack of uniformity in diagnostic protocols and assay methods for determining hormonal activation in adrenal disorders results in a significant variability in measurements. Besides, conventional imaging provides information of the morphology of a lesion, but not its functional status. Thus, an effective and non-invasive workup is needed for the characterization of adrenal masses and their therapeutic management.

Condition adrenal mass, adrenal masses
Treatment Gallium-68 Pentixafor PET/CT
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04859959
SponsorPeking Union Medical College Hospital
Last Modified on7 May 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Written informed consent
Patients with adrenal diseases
A diagnostic computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the adrenal region within the previous 6 months prior to dosing day is available

Exclusion Criteria

Pregnant or breast-feeding women
Prior or planned administration of a radiopharmaceutical within 8 half-lives of the radionuclide used on such radiopharmaceutical including at any time during the current study
Any mental condition rendering the patient unable to understand the nature, scope and possible consequences of the study, and/or evidence of an uncooperative attitude
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact



Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider


Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note