ESP vs QL for Total Abdominal Hysterectomy

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 3, 2022
  • participants needed
    82
  • sponsor
    University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Updated on 3 May 2022
anesthesia
analgesia
postoperative pain
bupivacaine
opioid
nausea
oxycodone
breakthrough pain
pain relieving
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

Patients undergoing open total abdominal hysterectomy (n=82) at Parkland Memorial Hospital will be randomized into one of two groups to receive either ultrasound-guided bilateral ESP block with liposomal bupivacaine (Group 1) or ultrasound-guided bilateral QL block with liposomal bupivacaine (Group 2) for postoperative pain management. The remaining aspect of perioperative care, including the general anesthetic technique and postoperative care will be standardized and will be similar for all patients. The duration of the involvement in the study will be until 72 hours postoperatively. Anesthesia providers will identify potential subjects during their Pre-Anesthesia Evaluation Clinic visit and/or Day Surgery Unit pre-anesthetic assessment. There will be no incentive or payment to the patients.

Patients in Group 1 will receive ultrasound-guided bilateral ESP block in the preoperative holding area prior to surgery. Patients in Group 2 will receive ultrasound-guided QL block in the preoperative holding area prior to surgery. All patients will have general anesthesia per previously established Parkland Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols. Postoperatively, patients in both Groups will receive acetaminophen 1000 mg orally every 8 hours, meloxicam 15 mg orally every 24 hours, and immediate-release oxycodone 5 - 10mg orally every 4 hours as needed for breakthrough pain.

The postoperative analgesia will be documented using the Numeric Rating Scale (0-10 scale where 0=no pain and 10=worst pain). In addition, total opioid dose over the 72-hours study period will be documented. Postoperative nausea will be measured using a categorical scoring system (none=0, mild=1, moderate=2, severe=3) and episodes of vomiting will be documented. Rescue anti-emetics will be given to any patient who complains of nausea and/or vomiting. All variables will be assessed at 4, 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours, postoperatively by an investigator blinded to group allocation.

Description

The investigators will study 82 American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status 1-3 subjects scheduled for open Total Abdominal Hysterectomy who will be identified by anesthesia providers during their Pre-Anesthesia Evaluation Clinic visit and/or Day Surgery Unit pre-anesthetic assessment at Parkland Hospital. If the subjects agree to participate in the study, the researchers will determine eligibility. If the subject meets all inclusion/exclusion criteria, the subject will be asked to sign the Consent Form and HIPAA Authorization Form prior to any study procedures in a face-to-face meeting with the researchers.

Protected patient information will include name, medical record number, date of birth, and contact information including telephone number. Height and weight will also be recorded. All patients will receive a standardized general anesthetic based on Enhanced Recovery After Surgery protocols. One of the investigators will randomly allocate patients using computer generated randomization schedule to one of the two groups.

Study Groups:

Group 1: Ultrasound-guided ESP block with liposomal bupivacaine

Group 2: Ultrasound-guided QL block with liposomal bupivacaine.

Anesthesiologists with previous experience in ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia procedures will perform the block based on randomization results. In both groups the patient will be placed in a sitting position, a SonoSite X-Porte linear ultrasound transducer will be used for real-time ultrasound guidance.

Group 1: For the QL block, the transducer will be placed transversely over the lumbar spine at the level of the iliac crest. Then, the anesthesiologist will scan laterally to identify the ipsilateral L3 transverse process, psoas muscle, and quadratus lumborum muscle to identify the "Shamrock Sign" (7). Following aseptic preparation of the injection site and the ultrasound probe, a 22-gauge, 10mm block needle will be introduced parallel to the ultrasound guided beam (in-plane technique) until its tip reaches the plane between the quadratus lumborum muscle and psoas muscle. After negative aspiration, 20 ml of a mixture containing 10ml 0.25% bupivacaine and 10ml 1.3% liposomal bupivacaine will be injected in 5 ml increments to separate the fascial plane between the two muscles. The investigators will observe local anesthetic spread under real-time imaging. The block will then be performed in the same manner on the opposite site.

Group 2: For the ESP block, the transducer will be placed parasagittally at the level of the tip of the scapula and the anesthesiologist will scan in a craniocaudal manner to identify the ipsilateral T10 transverse process and overlying erector spinae muscle. Following aseptic preparation of the injection site and the ultrasound probe, a 22-gauge, 10mm block needle will be introduced parallel to the ultrasound guided beam (in-plane technique) until its tip reaches the plane between the erector spinae muscle and transverse process. After negative aspiration, 20 ml of a mixture containing 10ml 0.25% bupivacaine and 10ml 1.3% liposomal bupivacaine will be injected in 5 ml increments to separate the fascial plane between the muscle and transverse process. The investigators will observe local anesthetic spread under real-time imaging. The block will then be performed in the same manner on the opposite site.

A standard postoperative analgesic regimen in both groups will include acetaminophen 1000 mg, orally every 8 hours and meloxicam 15mg, orally every 24 hours. For breakthrough pain (or rescue), immediate-release oxycodone 5-10mg, orally every 4 hours as needed for pain will be provided.

The efficacy of postoperative analgesia will be documented in all patients using the visual analog score (0=no pain, 10=worst pain). In addition, total morphine dose over the 72-hours study period will be documented. Postoperative nausea will be measured using a categorical scoring system (none=0, mild=1, moderate=2, severe=3) and episodes of vomiting will be documented. Rescue antiemetics will be given to any patient who complains of nausea or vomiting. All variables will be assessed at 4, 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours postoperatively by an investigator blinded to group allocation.

For each patient the following data will be recorded:

Preoperatively
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Height
  • Weight
  • Baseline pain score
  • Pre-operative block procedure, duration, amount of analgesia used
  • Time to perform the blocks
Intraoperatively

• Surgical time

Postoperatively
  • Post-Anesthesia Care Unit time
  • Post-operative pain scores at 4, 6, 12, 24, 48, 72 hours
  • cumulative opioid consumption during the first 24-hours postoperatively
  • Time to first ambulation
  • Time to first oral intake
  • Time to be ready for discharge home

Details
Condition Postoperative Pain
Treatment Quadratus lumborum block, erector spinae plane block
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04074226
SponsorUniversity of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Last Modified on3 May 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Female ASA physical status 1-3 scheduled for open abdominal hysterectomy
Age 18-80 years old
Able to participate personally or by legal representative in informed consent in English or Spanish

Exclusion Criteria

History of relevant drug allergy
Age less than 18 or greater than 80 years
Chronic opioid use or drug abuse
Active use of anticoagulant medication
Significant psychiatric disturbance
Inability to understand the study protocol
Refusal to provide written consent
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

0/250

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note