Metabonomics of COPD and Transplanting of Faecal Bacteria in the Treatment of Its Malnutrition

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 30, 2023
  • participants needed
    40
  • sponsor
    Shanghai Asclepius Meditec Inc.
Updated on 4 May 2021

Summary

Oxidative stress can affect the balance of intestinal flora and intestinal structure of patients, resulting in intestinal flora disorder. Its bacterial metabolites stimulate the parasympathetic nerve, regulate insulin secretion and other metabolic pathways of patients through neuroendocrine regulation, resulting in abnormal energy metabolism of lipids and sugars in the digestive tract, and finally lead to malnutrition.We hypothesized that fecal bacteria transplantation could reconstruct the normal intestinal flora, restore the intestinal digestion and absorption function of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseCOPDpatients and improve the state of malnutrition.

Description

  1. improve the COPD patients with malnutrition is the key to improve the digestion and absorption function of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the world's third most common cause of death, is characterized by progressive airflow limited, mainly by the long-term exposure to tobacco smoke and other harmful air pollutants.

It has been reported that 20%-71% of COPD patients suffer from malnutrition, and there is a negative correlation between BMI and prognosis.

There is increasing evidence that patients with COPD with lower BMI or fat-free mass index are associated with poorer prognosis and impaired long-term survival.

At present, nutrition supplements are mainly used to solve the problem of COPD malnutrition, including vitamins and minerals, essential amino acids and biological amino acids, anti-inflammatory omega-3, high fat and high carbohydrate, etc., while the causes of COPD malnutrition and the relationship between COPD and metabolism have not been paid attention to.

Although there is evidence that there is no malnutrition nutritional support can improve the prognosis of patients with COPD, but exist in patients with malnutrition, due to impaired digestion and absorption, increase nutrition supply, prone to patients with abdominal distension, vomiting, and diarrhea.

Therefore, in order to improve malnutrition in patients with COPD, it is necessary to improve digestion and absorption function in patients with COPD.

2. improve digestion and absorption function, first of all, correct the oxidative stress caused by intestinal flora disorder as part of the systemic oxidative stress response, copd patients with intestinal oxidative stress, oxidative stress result of active oxygen free radicals on colon epithelium mucosa layer of mucin, lead to the loss of protein, mucous layer thickness can be reduced to 50%, resulting in changes in the structure of intestinal tract; In addition, under the action of active oxygen free radicals, epithelial cells of the digestive tract, the close connection between protein oxidation lead to intestinal epithelial permeability enhancement, on the one hand, the intestinal toxins can after connection into the intestinal permeability increased cells, affect the digestion and absorption function of intestinal cells, on the other hand, the oxidative stress products into the lumen of blood, lead to bacterial flora disorder, further affect intestinal digestion and absorption of food.

The common clinical manifestations of intestinal flora disorder are: mild abdominal distension, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, water and electrolyte disturbance, hypoproteinemia, malnutrition, and even shock. Therefore, in order to improve intestinal digestion and absorption function, it is necessary to correct intestinal flora disorder caused by oxidative stress.

3. intestinal flora and the relationship between nutrition, immunity, metabolism, neuroendocrine, normal human intestinal bacteria number, up to about 1013 ~ 1014 microbes, equivalent to 10 times of the total number of human tissue cells and its metabolites other tissue cells function to human body impact, the total number of genes at the same time, the intestinal bacteria coding is about more than 100 times of the total number of human genes, some experts believe that intestinal flora is one of the normal function of the human body organ, the abnormal organs, inevitably affects the health of human body.

Intestinal flora by helping to break down food and absorb nutrition, synthesis of nutrients, metabolites indirectly stimulate the nerve endocrine effects such as the host's nutritional status: promote ingested B vitamins (B3, B5, B6, B12) and other micronutrients, help absorb minerals (calcium, magnesium and iron, etc.), regulating metabolism of glucose and lipid storage.

Synthesis of micronutrients such as vitamin K, B12, biotin, folic acid and pantothenates; By affecting the integrity of mucosal epithelium, it plays an immune defense role.

Intestinal flora disturbance is related to the formation of metabolic diseases such as obesity and diabetes in the host. Rachels study showed that intestinal flora disturbance in rats can increase the production of acetate, and feeding acetate to rats can promote the secretion of insulin in rats, the mechanism of which is realized by the activation of acetate through the parasympathetic nerve.

The production of acetate increases, and the stimulation intensity of parasympathetic nerve is enhanced, which promotes insulin secretion, and promotes ghrelin secretion by consuming glucose and reducing hypoglycemia, leading to obesity.

A recent study also showed that the intestinal microbiome shifted from lean donors to patients with metabolic syndrome, resulting in increased insulin sensitivity of the receptors.4) animal models and patients with copd, there exist dysbacteriosis.

Details
Condition Fecal Microbiota Transplantation
Treatment Fecal Microbiota Transplantation
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04861649
SponsorShanghai Asclepius Meditec Inc.
Last Modified on4 May 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Clinical diagnosis of COPD
Tobacco use: current or former smokers with a continuous smoking history of more than 1 year
Subjects are willing and able to complete the follow-up according to the plan
Subjects can cooperate to complete relevant examination items
Compliance: Subjects must be willing to return to the hospital and complete all visits and evaluations according to the protocol

Exclusion Criteria

Having a significant disease or condition other than COPD that, in the Investigator's judgment, would put the subject at risk for participating in the study or affect the study outcome and the subject's ability to participate in the study
Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding or who plan to become pregnant during the study period
Digestive system: patients with known gastrointestinal organic diseases
Complicated with intestinal double infection, such as Clostridium difficile
infection, EHEC, Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter, plague and
cytomegalovirus
patients with various acute infections, tumors, severe arrhythmias, mental
disorders, drug or alcohol addiction; (4) pregnant or lactating women; (5) Use
of antibiotics or probiotics within the last 4 weeks; (6) There are taboo
witnesses for this study; (7) Clinical investigators who were conducting other
related COPD studies at the time of enrollment or within 3 months before
enrollment
\. Complicated with serious primary diseases of heart, liver, kidney
hematopoietic system and other important organs or systems
\. Patients with lower back, chest and abdomen injuries or after surgery
\. People with mental disorder or cognitive impairment
\. Non-compliance: Subjects did not follow the study procedures, including
non-compliance to complete the journal
\. Informed consent validity is in doubt: Subjects with a history of
psychosis, mental retardation, poor motivation, substance abuse (including
drugs and alcohol), or other medical conditions that limit the effectiveness
of informed consent in this study
\. Obesity (BMI28) Hyperlipidemia (1.5 times the upper limit of normal value
of plasma total cholesterol > or 1.5 times the upper limit of normal value of
triglyceride BBB>; Confirmed diabetic patients; Diagnosed cancer patients
Have used any antibiotics or antibiotics in the last 2 weeks
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

0/250

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note