Effects of Pecan Nut Snacks v Equicaloric Snacks on Appetite Food Intake Metabolism Hormones and Biomarkers

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 8, 2022
  • participants needed
    35
  • sponsor
    University of Colorado, Denver
Updated on 8 December 2021
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

This is a within-subjects crossover study that examines subjective appetite, food intake, hormone and metabolic responses to consumption of mid morning snacks of pecan nuts as compared to an iso-caloric amount of tortilla chips. Pecans are high in fat and calories and low in carbohydrate by weight, while tortilla chips are mostly carbohydrate and essentially devoid of fat. These two very different nutrient profiles should elicit different metabolic and biomarker responses. The study aims to determine whether these treatments also elicit different subjective appetite and food intake responses. Participants will be healthy volunteers with overweight and obesity, a population that may be seeking healthy snacking options that are satisfying and satiating.

Description

This is a randomized, two condition, crossover study in healthy individuals with overweight and obesity examining the effect of a mid-morning snack of pecans vs. a low fat savory snack on appetite, energy expenditure, blood biomarkers of appetite and metabolism and ad libitum food intake at lunch. Twenty-four participants will be enrolled and studied on two test days with at least one week washout in between. On test days, participants will have baseline measures of appetite (by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS)), blood hormones and substrates, and energy expenditure and fuel oxidation (Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR), by indirect calorimetry) taken just prior to consuming a standardized 300 kcal breakfast. VAS measures will be taken at 20, 30, 60, 90 and 120 min following the meal and RMR will be measured for 20 min after eating. A mid-morning snack of either 250 kcal of pecans or lightly salted tortilla chips will be consumed and VAS and blood measures will be taken at 20, 30, 60, 90 and 120 min following the snack and RMR will be measured for 20 min after eating. Participants will be given an ad libitum lunch meal and VAS and blood measures will be taken at 20, 30, 60, 90 and 120 min following the lunch and RMR will be measured for 20 min after eating. Blood will be analyzed for glucose, insulin, free fatty acids, triglycerides, ghrelin, leptin, PYY, and GLP-1. Two hypotheses will be examined: 1. pecans will provoke greater feelings of fullness and reduced hunger after the snack and lunch meal consumption (on either a calorie per calorie or volume basis) as compared to the tortilla chip snack, and 2. the pecan snack will provoke greater responses of satiety hormones compared to tortilla chips. Post-snack and lunch energy expenditure and fat oxidation will also be compared between treatments as an exploratory aim.

Details
Condition Overweight and Obesity
Treatment Pecan snack, Pretzel snack, Tortilla chip snack
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04484974
SponsorUniversity of Colorado, Denver
Last Modified on8 December 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

35 adult men and women
all ethnic groups
ages 20-50
BMI 27-35
habitually eat breakfast
willing to eat the test snacks and other foods offered
weight stable for the last 6 months
willing to consent and adhere to the test procedures and schedule

Exclusion Criteria

nut allergies
uncontrolled thyroid disorders
diabetes mellitus
eating disorders
pregnant, or planning to become pregnant during the study
lactating
uncontrolled hypertension
active dieting
intensive physical activity training regimen (>300 min/wk exercise)
medical history or current medication that may affect study outcomes per study PI discretion
consuming pecans on a regular basis
unable to lie still with a clear hood over their head for the measurement of energy expenditure
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

0/250

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note