Femoral Triangle Block With Popliteal Plexus Block Versus Femoral Triangle Block Versus Adductor Canal Block for TKA

  • End date
    Mar 1, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Regionshospitalet Silkeborg
Updated on 15 May 2022
nerve block
total knee replacement


In this study we wish to investigate the analgesic effect 3 different nerve block regimes in patients following primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). All nerve blocks were performed as single shot blocks with the administration of Marcain 5 mg/ml.

Regime A: proximal Femoral Triangle Block (FTB) with 10 ml including Intermediate Femoral Cutaneous Nerve Block (IFCNB) with 5 ml + Popliteal Plexus Block (PPB) with 10 ml.

Regime B: proximal FTB with 10 ml including IFCNB with 5 ml.

Regime C: Adductor Canal Block (ACB) with 25 ml.


The Adductor Canal Block (ACB) is frequently used after TKA, but it is limited to provide anesthesia from the anteromedial part of the knee region. The proximal Femoral Triangle Block (FTB) is also used for TKA, and also limited to provide anesthesia from the anterior medial part of the knee joint. The FTB anesthetize the saphenus nerve, the nerve to vastus medialis, and may anesthetize the medial femoral cutaneous nerve which innervates the distal medial thigh as well as the anteromedial knee region. We included the Intermediate Femoral Cutaneous Nerve block (IFCNB) in the FTB, as the nerves can be targeted in the subcutis on the anterior thigh and easily be anesthetized during the same procedure as FTB. IFCNB anesthetize the distal anterior thigh, which may include the proximal part of the surgical incision for TKA. In the following text the proximal FTB including IFCNB will be refered as "FTB" and the dose of 15 ml will refer to 10 ml for the proximal FTB and 5 ml used for the IFCNB.

A new nerve block technique, called Popliteal Plexus Block (PPB), is specifically designed to anaesthetize nerves involved in innervation of the back of the knee joint. The analgesic effect of PPB has not yet been evaluated in randomized, controlled, blinded trials. In order to optimize pain treatment for primary TKA by improving the pain-relieving effect of peripheral nerve blocks, we aim to evaluate the analgesic effects of three different nerve block regimens (FTB + PPB versus FTB versus ACB) after primary unilateral TKA. Our outcomes include postoperative pain scores, opioid consumption, muscle strength and mobilization.

Our hypothesis is that the combination of FTB + PPB provides superior postoperative pain treatment after TKA in comparison to both FTB or ACB. The combination of FTB + PPB will reduce opioid consumption (primary outcome) and postoperative pain scores without reducing muscle strength or impairing mobilization.

Condition Pain, Acute, Opioid Use, Analgesia
Treatment Marcain 5 mg/ml
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04854395
SponsorRegionshospitalet Silkeborg
Last Modified on15 May 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Scheduled to undergo primary total knee arthroplasty in spinal anesthesia
Able to perform a Timed Up and Go (TUG) test
Age > 50 years old
Ability to give their written informed consent to participating in the study after having fully understood the contents of the study
American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status 1, 2, or 3

Exclusion Criteria

Patients who cannot cooperate
Patients who cannot understand or speak Danish
Patients with allergy or intolerance to the medicines used in the study
Patients with a daily intake of strong opioids (morphine, oxycodone, ketobemidone, methadone, fentanyl)
Patients suffering from alcohol and/or drug abuse - based on the investigator's assessment
BMI > 40
Diagnosed with chronic central or peripheral neurodegenerative disorders
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact



Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider


Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note