Study of Predictive Factors Related to Prognosis of Patients With Ischemic Stroke Due to Large-artery Atherosclerosis

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 31, 2028
  • participants needed
    1000
  • sponsor
    Tongji Hospital
Updated on 30 April 2021

Summary

This is a single-center prospective cohort study of predictive factors related to prognosis of ischemic stroke due to large-artery atherosclerosis.

From March 1, 2021 to December 31, 2026, 1000 patients with ischemic stroke due to large-artery atherosclerosis who are admitted to the Department of Neurology or Neurosurgery, Tongji Hospital are going to be recruited. Detailed clinical data in emergency room and in-hospital will be obtained from the medical record reviews, and the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score will be done by certified neurologists to assess the severity of the disease in acute stage and treatment outcome during the follow-up. All cases will undergo routine blood tests, brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cerebral vascular examination, such as TCD, CTA, HRMR or DSA. The investigators will analyze the in-hospital factors that could predict the outcome to provide more evidence-based suggestions in the treatment and prognosis of atherosclerotic ischemic cerebrovascular disease.

Description

The detaited information about this trial is described below

  1. Quality assurance: The research proposal is reviewed by an Independent Research Panel. If the proposal is approved, access to the study data is provided in a secure data sharing environment after receipt of a signed Data Sharing Agreement.
  2. Data check: Researchers must submit a proposal to conduct a scientifically relevant analysis of the study data.
  3. Source data verification: Medical records, electronic case report forms, and imaging would be processed by certified neurologists.
  4. Data included:

4.1 Baseline Variables: NIHSS and mRS scores before ischemic stroke 4.2 In-hospital Variables: 4.2.1 Main symptoms1=facial paralysis 2=limb weakness 3=limb numbness 4=facial numbness 5=lalopathy 6=ataxia 7=dysphagia 8=bulbar paralysis 9=dizziness 10=nausea and vomit 11=vision disorder 12=confusion 13=headache 14=unconsciousness 15=others NIHSS and mRS scores after admission 4.2.2 Brain CT and ASPECT scores 4.2.3 DWI 4.2.4 CTA, MRA, DSA, carotid artery ultrasound andTCD to evaluate the stenosis degree of large vessels 4.2.5 HRMR to evaluate the changes of the plaque of intracranial stenosis 4.2.6 Blood routine tests 4.2.7 HbALc and FBG 4.2.8 LDL HDL ApoA1 and ApoB 4.2.9 Cardiac TnI and NT-proBNP 4.2.10 Proteomic analysis of fresh plasma 4.2.11 Histopathological tissues and transcriptomics of CEA

5. Standard Operating Procedures 5.1 Patient recruitment: From March 1, 2021 to December 31, 2026, 1000 patients with ischemic stroke due to large-artery atherosclerosis who are admitted to the Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Tongji Hospital are going to be recruited 5.2 Data collection: Detailed clinical data in emergency room and in-hospital will be obtained from the medical record reviews, and the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score will be done by certified neurologists to assess the severity of the disease in acute stage and clinical outcome during the follow-up. All cases would undergo routine blood tests, brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cerebral vascular examination, such as TCD, CTA, HRMR or DSA.

5.3 Data management, The research data is reviewed by an Independent Research Panel.

5.4 Data analysis: Biostatisticians from the Department of Neurology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology will conduct statistical analysis

6. Sample size assessment: About 1000 cases.

7. Plan for missing data: The number of lost cases will be treated as the deleted value and the lost rate will be indicated. Complete sample intentionality analysis and intent-to-treat (ITT) analysis would be performed on the end points. During the analysis, if there is a statistical difference in the results, the number of participants lost in the exposed group will be deleted, and the number of participants lost to in the non-exposed group will be added. If there is still a statistical difference in the results, the loss of follow-up will not have an impact on the analysis results of this group.

8. Statistical analysis: All statistical data would be analyzed by the SPSS Software 24.0 version. Continuous variables would be reported as median (range, minimum-maximum), which would be compared by Mann-Whitney test, and categorical data would be represented as percentages and frequencies, which would be compared by the two-tailed Fisher's exact test or one-way ANOVA. P<0.05 would be considered statistically significant.

Details
Condition Ischemic Stroke, Large-Artery Atherosclerosis (Embolus/Thrombosis), Large-Artery Atherosclerosis (Embolus/Thrombosis)
Treatment Clopidogrel, Aspirin, Statin, Carotid Artery Stenting, Carotid Endarterectomy, PCSK9 Inhibitor, Anticoagulant, Anticoagulant
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04847752
SponsorTongji Hospital
Last Modified on30 April 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Ischemic stroke due to large-artery atherosclerosis has been proved by clinical symptoms and imaging examinations
Symptomatic superior arch stenosis >50%
Asymptomatic superior arch stenosis was >70%
written informed consent was obtained from patients or their surrogates before enrollment

Exclusion Criteria

Brain CT or MRI showing cerebral hemorrhage (excluded ischemic stroke with hemorrhage transformation)
With severe systemic disease, are expected to survive < 3 months
Patients will not able to provide continuous follow-up information
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