Efficacy of PRGF Supplementation After TMJ Arthrocentesis in Patients With TMJ Osteoarthritis

  • End date
    Sep 21, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University of Florida
Updated on 21 March 2022


Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) osteoarthritis (OA) affects articulating tissues secondary to inflammation resulting in intracapsular pain. This prospective, double-blind randomized clinical trial will evaluate the relative efficacy of TMJ arthrocentesis with a supplementation of platelet-rich growth factors (PRGF) compared to TMJ arthrocentesis with a steroid supplementation (a known effective therapy) for patients with TMJ OA.


Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are musculoskeletal disorders that are commonly encountered, with pain in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and jaw closing muscles. Pain that involves the temporomandibular joint includes inflammatory pathologies such as arthritides, painful disk displacements and many times have an overlay of psychosocial comorbidities due to the uncontrolled pain. TMJ osteoarthritis is an intracapsular condition affecting the temporomandibular joint and presents with remodeling of the TMJ articulating tissues including the condyle and articular eminence secondary to inflammation resulting in intracapsular pain. There is a paucity of information regarding the relative effectiveness of different therapies for the treatment of patients with TMJ osteoarthritis. The identification of the least invasive and most efficacious therapy is vital to proper management of these patients with temporomandibular joint pain and disability. The purpose of this study is to establish the relative efficacy of TMJ arthrocentesis with steroid supplementation (a known effective therapy) compared to TMJ arthrocentesis with a supplement of plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) for patients with TMJ osteoarthritis. Plasma rich in growth factors is isolated from the patient's own blood and injected into the temporomandibular joint to activate stem cells that may restore some of the articulating tissues that were lost during degeneration changes within the joint secondary to osteoarthritis. Pain and disability will be assessed using standard pain and physical measures that are recorded before and after treatment. Patients enrolled into the study will be examined and treated at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Faculty/Resident clinic. At the first appointment, they will be examined following standard procedures (medical history, physical exam, imaging by cone beam computerized tomography (CBCT)) to determine their diagnosis(es) and if they would potentially benefit from the TMJ arthrocentesis procedure. If the patient meets the inclusion criteria for the study and with their informed consent on the day of their TMJ arthrocentesis procedure, they will be required to have a pregnancy test if below age 60 and complete a questionnaire about their physical and pain symptoms and undergo a standardized clinical exam. The patients will then undergo the standard clinical protocol for TMJ arthrocentesis followed by either a 2 cc steroid/bupivacaine hydrochloride supplementation (standard treatment group) or a 2 cc PRGF supplementation (experimental group) into the TMJ. Follow-up appointments will be conducted at 1 month, 3 months and 6 months when the pain VAS measures and a clinical exam will be assessed. If patients have not experienced improvement in their primary outcome measure (TMJ pain) at the 3 month evaluation, the patient will have a second TMJ arthrocentesis procedure that will be supplemented with the alternative medication/growth factors (steroid or PRGF) using a cross-over design. Data from these patients will be analyzed separately from patients that complete the six month study. Also at 6 months, a second CBCT image of the temporomandibular joints will be obtained to determine the extent of bone remodeling within the TMJ. The results of this study should provide new information on the efficacy of PRGF supplementation for management of temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis.

Condition TMJ, Osteoarthritis
Treatment triamcinolone acetonide, Plasma Rich in Growth Factor (PRGF) Supplementation
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04731233
SponsorUniversity of Florida
Last Modified on21 March 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

- 80 years of age
Unilateral or bilateral TMJ arthralgia
Osteoarthritis diagnosis according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD)
TMJ sounds (crepitus or click or both)
Mild-moderate masticatory muscle myalgia
History of non-surgical treatment for at least 6 weeks including such modalities as appliance therapy, NSAID therapy or physical modalities without resolution of pain

Exclusion Criteria

Contraindication to sedation including pregnancy or medical history
Rheumatologic disorders causing arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (i.e., rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis)
History of previous TMJ procedure including arthrocentesis, arthroscopy or arthrotomy
History of steroid injection in TMJ
TMJ pain greater than five years
History of narcotic drug use on a scheduled basis
Current active infection
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact



Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider


Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note