Study of the Effect of SZC on Serum Potassium and Serum Bicarbonate in Patients With Hyperkalemia and Metabolic Acidosis Associated With Chronic Kidney Disease (NEUTRALIZE)

  • End date
    Nov 17, 2022
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
Updated on 5 July 2022


The main objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of SZC as compared to placebo in maintaining normal sK+ in patients with hyperkalemia and metabolic acidosis associated with CKD


NEUTRALIZE is a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel, multicenter, Phase IIIb study to investigate the safety and efficacy of SZC in patients with hyperkalemia and low bicarbonate (metabolic acidosis ).

The study will be conducted in the United States (US) at approximately 35 investigative sites.

After screening on Day 1, all eligible patients will receive open-label SZC for up to 48 hours. Patients who achieve normokalemia within 48 hours will be randomized 1:1 into the double-blind randomized treatment phase to receive SZC or placebo. Study treatment will end with the Day 29 visit, which will be followed by a follow-up visit 7 days after the last administration of study medication.

Condition Hyperkalaemia, Metabolic Acidosis, Chronic Kidney Disease
Treatment Placebo, Sodium Zirconium Cyclosilicate
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04727528
Last Modified on5 July 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Adults aged ≥18 years
Participants who have CKD stage 3-5, not on dialysis
POCT K+ level >5 mmol/L to ≤5.9 mmol/L and POCT bicarbonate levels between 16-20 mmol/L inclusive prior to the first SZC dose on study Day 1
Ability to have repeated blood draws or effective venous catheterization
Male and/or female. Contraceptive use by men or women should be consistent with local regulations regarding the methods of contraception for those participating in clinical studies
Capable of giving signed informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

Participants with pseudohyperkalemia
Dialysis requirement or anticipated by the investigator to require dialysis therapy within 1 month, history of renal transplant, or life expectancy less than 3 months
Cardiac arrhythmias requiring immediate treatment
Active or suspected diabetic ketoacidosis
POCT bicarbonate low enough to need emergency intervention or treatment as judged by the investigator
Acute/chronic worsening renal function (eg, ≥30% decline in eGFR) in the 3 months before screening
Current acute decompensated HF, hospitalization due to decompensated HF within 4 weeks prior to screening, or myocardial infarction (MI), unstable angina, stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) within 12 weeks prior to screening
Coronary revascularization (percutaneous coronary intervention [PCI] or coronary artery bypass grafting [CABG]) or valvular repair/replacement within 12 weeks prior to screening or planned to undergo any of these operations
Symptomatic hypotension
Current exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)/asthma or hospitalization due to exacerbation of COPD/asthma within 4 weeks of screening
Severe constipation, bowel obstruction or impaction, including abnormal post-operative bowel motility disorders
Active malignancy requiring treatment
History of QT prolongation associated with other medications that required discontinuation of that medication
Congenital long QT syndrome
Symptomatic or uncontrolled atrial fibrillation despite treatment, or asymptomatic sustained ventricular tachycardia. Patients with atrial fibrillation controlled by medication are permitted
QTcF (QT interval corrected by the Fridericia method) >550 msec
Active treatment (within 7 days prior to screening) with SZC, sodium bicarbonate, sodium polystyrene sulfonate, lactulose, or patiromer
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Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

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If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

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