Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Collection From Patients With Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) Using Plerixafor

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Apr 15, 2023
  • participants needed
    15
  • sponsor
    St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Updated on 15 September 2022
hydroxyurea
plerixafor
blood transfusion
gene therapy
apheresis
conjugated bilirubin

Summary

With recent advances in gene editing, gene therapy is becoming a viable curative treatment option for sickle cell disease. In order to do genetic manipulation, investigators need to collect hematopoietic stem cells from patients with sickle cell disease. In this study, investigators want to study the safety and feasibility of collecting peripheral blood stem cells from pediatric and young adult patients with sickle cell disease after administering plerixafor. Studying these peripheral blood stem cells will help in optimizing the yield of peripheral CD34+ cells from pediatric and young adult patients with sickle cell disease, which in turn will help to develop better gene therapies for these patients.

Primary Objectives

  • Determine the safety profile associated with administration of plerixafor in pediatric and young adult patients with sickle cell disease (SCD).
  • To estimate the number of CD34+ cells/kg of body weight that can be collected with peripheral apheresis after administration of plerixafor in pediatric and young adult patients with SCD.

Exploratory Objectives

  • To describe the kinetics of CD34+ cell mobilization in peripheral blood after - + cells obtained from pediatric and young adult patients with SCD.
  • To study the effect of hydroxyurea therapy on senescence in plerixafor-mobilized CD34+ cells obtained from pediatric and young adult patients with SCD.

Description

Participants will be enrolled sequentially, and no two participants will undergo drug administration, mobilization or apheresis at the same time. A subsequent participant can only receive the study drug when the previous participant has been safely apheresed and discharged from the hospital. In the first stratum of the study only adult participants (18-25 years of age) will be enrolled. Once plerixafor and apheresis has been shown to be safe and acceptable in at least 5 adult participants, the study will enroll participants in the pediatric stratum. Pediatric stratum will not be activated until all the patients in the adult stratum have been evaluated and completed participation with acceptable results. In the pediatric stratum, older children (14 years old and above) will be enrolled before younger children (10-14 years old). After 10 participants, 14 years and older, have safely completed the study participation, younger children 10-14 years old will be allowed to participate.

Prophylactic red blood cell exchange or simple red cell transfusions will be given within 7 days prior to plerixafor administration to participants targeting HbS <30% to reduce the incidence of vaso-occlusive crisis and other events that may be associated with high hemoglobin S levels.Hydroxyurea treatment should be stopped 4 weeks before mobilization. Plerixafor administration and apheresis will be timed for participants already receiving chronic transfusion therapy such that the plerixafor administration and apheresis coincides with regularly timed transfusion.

Participants undergoing hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) mobilization will receive a daily-dose subcutaneous administration of plerixafor (Mozobil®) at 0.24 mg/kg on up to 2 consecutive days. Leukapheresis will start approximately 4 hours after each dose of plerixafor is given. This process lasts 4-10 hours.

Participants will be followed for 30 days after the last dose of plerixafor and then taken off study.

Details
Condition Sickle Cell Disease
Treatment Plerixafor
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04817345
SponsorSt. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Last Modified on15 September 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients with severe SCD who are 10-25 years old and are willing to donate autologous HSCs for advancing future gene therapy for SCD. Parents/legal guardians of participants must be able and willing to consent for their participation in this study. Severe SCD, for the purpose of this study, will be defined as patients who are receiving chronic transfusion therapy due to SCD related complications. The need for undergoing chronic transfusion therapy must be determined by the primary hematologist. Some patients may continue to receive hydroxyurea in addition to and simultaneously with blood transfusion therapy. Such patients are eligible for inclusion on the study if they hold hydroxyurea for at least 4 weeks. The ability to hold hydroxyurea (or not) with ongoing chronic transfusion therapy will be made by the primary hematologist as well. All genotypes of SCD will be eligible
Adequate renal function: serum/plasma creatinine < 1.5 mg/dL and creatinine clearance > 50 mL/min (as calculated by the Crockcroft-Gault formula)
Adequate liver function: direct bilirubin < 2.5 times the upper limit of normal range, AST and ALT < 5 times the upper limit of normal range
Blood counts: WBC > 3,000/mm^3, granulocytes > 1,000/mm^3, hemoglobin > 7.0 g/dL, platelets > 150,000/mm^3
Female patients of childbearing age should have a negative serum pregnancy test within one week of beginning plerixafor administration, have had a hysterectomy, be post-menopausal
Negative serologic tests for syphilis, hepatitis B and C, HIV, and HTLV-1/II
Participants should either have a central line in place or be able to undergo apheresis without the necessity of the insertion of a central venous catheter
Participants of childbearing potential should agree to use of an effective form of contraception during treatment and for at least 1 week after the last dose of plerixafor
ECOG performance status/Karnofsky score/Lansky score >80

Exclusion Criteria

Pregnancy. Female patients of childbearing age should have a negative serum pregnancy test within one week of beginning plerixafor administration, except those that have had a hysterectomy, or are post-menopausal
Active viral, bacterial, fungal, or parasitic infection
History of cancer, excluding squamous carcinoma of the skin and cervical carcinoma in situ
Active and painful splenomegaly or splenomegaly (size greater than upper limit of normal) or splenic sequestration determined by ultrasound
Previous history of splenomegaly or splenic sequestration, unless HbS level of <30% is documented within 48-72 hours of each plerixafor dose
Allergy to plerixafor
Patients receiving hydroxyurea will not be included in the study. However, they may be included if the primary hematologist determines that hydroxyurea can be safely discontinued for at least 4 weeks prior to the plerixafor administration and apheresis. Generally, patients receiving chronic transfusion therapy can safely discontinue hydroxyurea therapy as there is unlikely to be any added benefit, but this will be determined by the primary treating hematologist
Poor cardiac function, as defined by an ejection fraction < 40%
History of clinically proven pulmonary hypertension
Emergency room admission or hospitalization in the past 14 days prior to first dose of study drug
Major surgery in the past 30 days prior to first dose of study drug
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