Anemia in Patients With Endocarditis (ANIE)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 1, 2023
  • participants needed
    190
  • sponsor
    Rigshospitalet, Denmark
Updated on 14 May 2022
anemia
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

Prospective study of prevalence and deep charecterization of anemia in patients with endocarditis from diagnosis undtill 6 months after discharge.

Description

Anemia is an adverse prognostic marker in both cardiac diseases and infectious diseases. In patients with bacterial endocarditis (IE), anemia has a prevalence of 55-80%. In a sub-study to our POET I trial (RCT with 400 patients with IE, published in NEJM 2019), preliminary data show a 5-fold increased risk of death within 6 months and 2-fold increased risk after 3 years, in non-surgically treated patients with hemoglobin <6.2mmol/L, compared to patients with no or mild anemia. Intensified treatment of anemia through e.g. intravenous iron infusions, in combination with erythrocyte stimulating agents or new treatments for anemia of inflammation, such as IL-6 inhibitors, could possibly improve outcome for patients with IE.

This study - ANIE - is a prospective study, aiming at further deep-characterizing of anemia in patients with IE, and associated outcomes. Degree of anemia of inflammation (AI) and iron-deficiency anemia during hospitalization and time to recovery will be assessed. Blood samples from 100 patients with IE will be collected during hospitalization and 3 months after discharge, i.e. also during expected recovery. Samples will be analyzed for standard markers of anemia and inflammation, as well as novel biomarkers for AI, such as IL-6, soluble transferrin receptor, erythroferrone and hepcidin. The sample size calculation is based on the assumption that the prevalence of AI is 50%, with a confidence interval of 95% and a margin of error of <10%. Comparisons will be made to patients with other infections and patients with pure inflammation (TAVI and TEVAR patients) and healthy blood donors.

ANIE is expected to give us an unprecedented insight into disease processes, stages and possible therapeutic targets for anemia in patients with IE.

The results will serve for designing the clinical trial of novel interventions to treat anemia in patients with IE, as a novel means to improve the outcome and reduce the high mortality in these patients.

Anemia is an adverse prognostic marker in both cardiac diseases and infectious diseases. In patients with bacterial endocarditis (IE), anemia has a prevalence of 55-80%. In a sub-study to our POET I trial (RCT with 400 patients with IE, published in NEJM 2019), preliminary data show a 5-fold increased risk of death within 6 months and 2-fold increased risk after 3 years, in non-surgically treated patients with hemoglobin <6.2mmol/L, compared to patients with no or mild anemia. Intensified treatment of anemia through e.g. intravenous iron infusions, in combination with erythrocyte stimulating agents or new treatments for anemia of inflammation, such as IL-6 inhibitors, could possibly improve outcome for patients with IE.

This study - ANIE - is a prospective study, aiming at further deep-characterizing of anemia in patients with IE, and associated outcomes. Degree of anemia of inflammation (AI) and iron-deficiency anemia during hospitalization and time to recovery will be assessed. Blood samples from 100 patients with IE will be collected during hospitalization and 3 months after discharge, i.e. also during expected recovery. Samples will be analyzed for standard markers of anemia and inflammation, as well as novel biomarkers for AI, such as IL-6, soluble transferrin receptor, erythroferrone and hepcidin. The sample size calculation is based on the assumption that the prevalence of AI is 50%, with a confidence interval of 95% and a margin of error of <10%. Comparisons will be made to patients with other infections and patients with pure inflammation (TAVI and TEVAR patients) and healthy blood donors.

ANIE is expected to give us an unprecedented insight into disease processes, stages and possible therapeutic targets for anemia in patients with IE.

The results will serve for designing the clinical trial of novel interventions to treat anemia in patients with IE, as a novel means to improve the outcome and reduce the high mortality in these patients.

Details
Condition Anemia, Endocarditis, Bacterial
Treatment Measurement of biomarkers for inflammation and anemia
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04840225
SponsorRigshospitalet, Denmark
Last Modified on14 May 2022

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