Prenatal Treatment of Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection With Letermovir Randomized Against Valaciclovir - STEP 1 (CYMEVAL3-STEP1)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Feb 27, 2028
  • participants needed
    10
  • sponsor
    Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Updated on 27 November 2021
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

In the model of the perfused cotyledon, Letermovir crosses the placenta to reach appropriate fetal concentration. The cotyledon model can only be performed in the third trimester placenta. Although it is probable that the transplacental passage in the second trimester is in the same range than the one found in the 2th trimester, it needs to be confirmed. The study will be divided in 2 steps: step 1 will study the Letermovir transplacental transfer in the second trimester and step 2 will test the efficacy of letermovir to inhibit replication in infected fetuses.

Main objective To measure the Letermovir transplacental transfer in the second trimester and its accumulation in the amniotic fluid and the placenta in the second trimester

Primary end point:

Concentrations reached in fetal blood relative to EC50 of letermovir.

Description

The eligible population of step 1 will be pregnant women in their second trimester of pregnancy and undergoing TOP for any fetal abnormality and no evidence of placental dysfunction.

Letermovir (LTM) is a new anti CMV drug, manufactured by Merck that:

  • is highly efficient in vitro against CMV (more than ganciclovir the gold standard drug)
  • is as efficient as valganciclovir to cure CMV infection and highly efficient as a prophylaxis to avoid CMV infection and disease in bone marrow transplated patients
  • is very well tolerated
  • has no data from the use in pregnant women and animal studies are insufficient with respect to fetotoxicity, but no specific concern in pregnant women arises from its safety profile
  • crosses the placenta in the ex vivo model of the human perfused cotyledon to reach efficient fetal concentration

In this STEP 1 study, we elected to test 2 Letermovir dosages:

  • 240 mg given orally once a day. Based on 10% rate of letermovir transplacental passage as demonstrated in the cotyledonon model, we calculated that the dosage of 240 mg given once a day to the pregnant woman should be suffisent to reach efficient concentration in fetal blood.
  • 480 mg /day given orally once a day. 480 mg per day is the recommended dose to prevent CMV infection in bone marrow transplanted patients;

The risks added by the study are those of letermovir: nausea, diarrhea and vomiting (frequent), hypersensitivity, loss of appetite, headache, vertigo, abdominal pain, ALT and AST increase, muscule spasm, blood creatinine increase, fatigue, peripheral edema (very rare). The expected benefit for the women is: none.

Women and obstetrician investigator will sign the written consent for the trial.

  • Validation of inclusion and non-inclusion criteria will be assessed by the obstetrician investigator as follows:
  • age, weight, height and medical history will be collected.
  • Inquiry on maternal concomitant treatment(s)
  • Blood sampling: (4 ml altogether)
  • 1 Heparinate Lithium tube (2 ml) for measurements of urea, creatinine, creatinine clearance, liver enzyme (ALAT ASAT GGT PAL), bilirubine
  • 1 EDTA tube of 2 ml for full blood test count These measurements will be done in the biochemistry laboratory of the investigating site.

When validation of inclusion and non-inclusion criteria is done (all the criteria will be available on the day of the baseline visit), the woman receives the tablets of letermovir. They will be allocated either 240 mg or 480 mg up until termination of pregnancy. 5 women will receive 240 mg. In order to have variation in the time elapsed between administration and sampling, it will be asked to 3 women to take the drug every morning and to 2 patients to take the drug every evening. 5 women will receive 480 mg. This time, it will be asked to 2 women to take the drug every morning and to 3 patients to take the drug every evening.

Hence, the day of TOP, patients who take the drug every evening will have the largest delay between the last intake and blood sampling. The patients who take the drug every morning should take the last tablet early in the morning the day of TOP and latest 4 hours before the blood sampling.

After the baseline visit, there will be one other visit just before TOP; the obstetrician investigator will be in charge of this visit:

  1. Maternal examination will comprise:
    • Inquiry of potential side effects (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, rash, cough, peripheral edema, headache, abdominal pain, decrease appetite, others)
    • SAE/AE will be collected
    • Blood pressure measurement
    • Blood sampling: (5 ml) with: one Lithium Heparinate tube for letermovir dosage
    • 1 Heparinate Lithium tube (2 ml) for measurements of urea, creatinine, creatinine clearance, liver enzyme (ALAT ASAT GGT PAL), bilirubine
    • Hours of the 3 intakes of pills will be recorded in an individual treatment booklet
  2. At TOP, fetal examination will comprise:
    • Fetal blood sampling (5 ml in a Lithium Heparinate tube for Letermovir dosage) collected at the time of feticide before lethal injection is given in the umbilical vein under ultrasound guidance.
    • Amniotic fluid sampling (5 ml on Lithium heparinate tube for Letermovir dosage) collected by the midwife at the time of artificial rupture of the amniotic membranes.
    • Placental biopsies sampling (2 cotyledons for Letermovir dosage) collected after delivery.
    • SAE/AE will be collected
  3. At day 4 after TOP:

Phone call to collect SAE/AE after TOP

The duration of participation of each woman including data collection will be a maximum of 7 days (3 days before the TOP and 4 days after TOP).

The duration of the study will be 9 months.

Details
Condition Pregnant Women Undergoing TOP, TOP - Failed Attempted Termination of Pregnancy
Treatment Letermovir
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04732260
SponsorAssistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Last Modified on27 November 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Pregnant woman 18 years old
in her second trimester of pregnancy
undergoing TOP for any fetal abnormality
no evidence of placental dysfunction
\- affiliation to a social security regime//health insurance
given consent for the study
patient must be able and willing to comply with study visits and procedures

Exclusion Criteria

Participation to another interventional drug trial (category 1)
Subject protected by law under guardianship or curatorship
Woman with creatinine clearance <75 ml/mn/1.73m2
Woman with liver insufficiency (Child Pugh grade C), AST, ALT 5 x ULN, bilirubin 2 x ULN
Woman with known allergy to Letermovir
Contraindication for the administration of Letermovir listed in the SmPC of Prevymis
Woman treated by pimozide, ergot alkaloids, dabigatran, atorvastatin, simvastatin, rosuvastatin, pitavastatine or cyclosporine
Concomitant administration of millepertuis
Woman with hereditary intolerance to galactose, with lactose lapp deficiency, glucose or galactose malabsorption syndrome
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