Image Assisted Optimization of Proton Radiation Therapy in Chordomas and Chondrosarcomas (CHIPT)

  • End date
    Nov 20, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Leiden University Medical Center
Updated on 20 April 2022
proton therapy


Rationale: Chordomas and chondrosarcomas located in the axial skeleton are malignant neoplasms of bone. These tumors share the same clinical challenges, as the effect of the disease is more a function of their local aggressiveness than their tendency to metastasize (20% metastasize). The local aggressive behavior can cause debilitating morbidity and mortality by destruction of nearby located critical neurovascular structures. Imaging has, in addition to histopathology, a role in diagnosis and in guiding (neo)adjuvant and definitive treatment. Despite the low sensitivity to radiotherapy, proton radiotherapy has been successfully used as an adjunct to resection or as definitive treatment for aggressive chordomas and chondrosarcomas, making it a standard indication for proton therapy in the Netherlands.

Chordomas and chondrosarcomas consist, especially after previous therapy, of non-viable and viable tumor components. Identification of these viable components by functional imaging is important to determine the effect of previous therapy, as change in total tumor volume occurs more than 200 days after change of functional imaging parameters.

Objective: The main objective of this study is to determine if functional MRI parameters change within 6 months, and earlier than volumetric changes after start of proton beam therapy. This would allow timely differentiation between affected and unaffected (viable) tumor components, which can be used for therapy adjustment.

Secondary objectives: Determine which set of parameters (PET-CT and secondary MRI) can predict clinical outcome (tumor specific mortality, development of metastases, morbidity secondary to tumor activity and morbidity secondary to treatment); determine what type of imaging can accurately identify viable tumor nodules relative to critical anatomical structures; improving understanding of relevance of changing imaging parameters by correlating these with resected tumor.

Study design: Prospective cohort study Study population: LUMC patients diagnosed with primary or recurrent chordoma or chondrosarcoma in the axial skeleton. A number of 20 new patients per year is expected.

Main study parameters: Volumetric and functional MR imaging parameters including permeability parameters.

Secondary parameters are generated by PET-CT (SUV, MTV and TLG), MR (perfusion, permeability and diffusion), therapy (proton beam dose mapping, surgery) and clinical outcome. End points are disease specific survival, progression free survival (including development of metastases), side effects of treatment, and functional outcome (see CRF). In patients who are treated with surgical resection following neo-adjuvant therapy, the surgical specimen will be correlated with imaging findings.

Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness: Treatment and clinical management will not be affected in this study, thus the additional burden, risks, and benefits associated with participation in this study are minimal.

Two extra MRI and one PET-CT examination will be planned during proton therapy.

Condition Bone Neoplasm of Vertebral Column, Chordoma, Chondrosarcoma, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, PET-CT, Proton Therapy
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04832620
SponsorLeiden University Medical Center
Last Modified on20 April 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Histologically diagnosed with primary or recurrent chordoma or chondrosarcoma in the axial skeleton (clivus, spine and sacrum)
Accepted for standard proton beam therapy

Exclusion Criteria

Diagnosis other than chordoma or chondrosarcoma is made
Patient refuses (parts) of the standard treatment protocol
Patient refuses MRI due to claustrophobia
Patient not suitable for MRI due to the presence of MRI incompatible implants
Incapacitated patients
Patient doesn't allow coded data to be used for analysis
Patient is under 50 years of age
Lesion size less than 1cm
Patients with WHO 3 and higher
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