Dietary Habits Metabolome Immune Profile and Microbiota in Patients With Bone Sarcoma

  • End date
    Dec 31, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli
Updated on 11 April 2021


Osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma treatment has not changed in the last 30 years.

For other types of cancer the epidemiologic and prognostic correlations between dietary behavior, lifestyle and metabolic alterations (i.e.obesity, insulin-resistance) are well known (breast cancer, prostate cancer, colon cancer). However, no epidemiological or prognostic data are available about the metabolic profile and lifestyle behaviors in patients with osteosarcoma and Ewing'sarcoma and only few preclinical studies are available. An in vitro study showed a higher glucose and glutamine consumption from metastatic osteosarcoma cells compared to primary tumor osteosarcoma cells. The effect of the intestinal microbiota into the metabolism of nutrients, drugs, inflammation, epigenetic and immune response was found not only correlated to gastrointestinal tumors but also to other tumors outside gastrointestinal system as well The aim of this study is to investigate if there are differential dietary habits, metabolome, microbiota or immune profile in patients with bone sarcoma compared to a control population in a 1:2 multicenter study.


MATERIALS & METHODS A population of 270 patients of >12 yrs old (pediatric and adults) with new diagnosis of osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma will be included. A detailed dietary intake assessment will be done with EPIC-COS food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and anthropometric measures (Weight, Height, body fat/lean mass composition) will be taken at diagnosis before treatment and compared to 540 controls matched by age, sex, and italian geographic area.

In addition, inside this main study a pilot study of 55 patients and 110 controls of same age, sex, geographic area will be performed for analysis of metabolome, microbiota, and immune profile.

At diagnosis, before any treatment , a blood sample will be obtained for metabolomics analyses (untargeted approach with over 100.000 of metabolites, (Mass Spectrometry method) and to evaluate lymphocyte subpopulations (CD3, CD4, CD8, NK) in blood. Microbiota will be analyzed in donated stool samples using the S16 method. All data will be analyzed for inter-correlations among the different parameters and to investigate putative associations with EPIC-COS Food Frequency questionnaires and anthropometric data .

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS Conditional logistic regression analyses will be used to calculate odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) to investigate associations between dietary habits and bone sarcoma risk in the case control study. An odds ratio of 1.6 with a potency of 85% was considered in the sample size calculations, leading to a target sample size of 270 cases with 540 matched healthy controls.

For the pilot cohort samples of 55 cases and 110 controls will be analyzed for metabolome, microbiota and immune profile. According to the results of this pilot study further cases among the population of FFQ study will undertake further analysis of metabolome and/or microbiota and/or lymphocyte subpopulation to confirm the results of pilot study.


  1. Compare the diet habits and anthropometric measures in bone sarcoma patients at diagnosis with matched controls
  2. Pilot study: in the first 55 pts and their matched 110 healthy voluntary controls will be explored:
  3. the occurrence of altered or more recurrent metabolites in patients' blood compared to controls
  4. different microbiota diversity and composition between patients and case controls
  5. different lymphocytes subpopulations composition.

Bioinformatics analysis will be performed to investigate these objectives

Condition Ewing's sarcoma, Osteosarcoma, Osteosarcoma, Sarcoma, Sarcoma, Sarcoma (Pediatric), Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Sarcoma (Pediatric), Soft Tissue Sarcoma, bone sarcoma
Treatment EPIC-COS Food Frequency Questionnaire diet Evaluation, Metabolome, Microbiota, Lymphocytes subpopulations
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04735289
SponsorIstituto Ortopedico Rizzoli
Last Modified on11 April 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma first diagnosis
No previous chemotherapy treatment
years old
Able to understand the questionnaire
No malignant tumor diagnosis for the last 5 years
Control case should have a range of +/- 2 years old for patients >= 21 years old. For patients between 12 and 21 years old the difference should be +/- 1 years

Exclusion Criteria

Other tumor type
Not able to understand the questionnaire
Patient diagnosed for malignant tumor during the last 5 years
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