Circulating Tumor DNA in Primary Mediastinal Large B-cell Lymphoma (PMBL)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Mar 1, 2028
  • participants needed
    87
  • sponsor
    Centre Henri Becquerel
Updated on 9 April 2021

Summary

The purpose of this study is to compare the predictive value in terms of specificity of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) and positron emission computed tomography (PET-CT) after 2 cycles of chemotherapy (C2), on the probability of obtaining a metabolic complete response after 4 cycles of induction chemotherapy (C4) in patients with primary mediastinal large B cell lymphoma (PMBL) receiving standard R-CHOP14 or R-ACVBP.

Description

The majority of studies with PMBL patients pinpoint the importance of being able to identify primary chemo refractory patients at an early stage, in order to be able to improve their prognosis. Indeed, a biomarker such as circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) monitoring would be of great help to better assess the therapeutic response and offer an individualized care given the frequent positive residual uptake of the mediastinum at end of treatment. Indeed, ctDNA can be detected with Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS).

The hypothesis of this study is that it would be helpful to prospectively compare the predictive value of ctDNA versus PET on the capacity to detect primary refractory patients after 2 or 4 cycles of first line chemotherapy.

To date, there are no prospective studies reporting the evolution of the tumor clone under treatment or after obtaining complete remission in PMBL. The establishment of this prospective, multicenter, ambitious and original pilot project will make it possible to structure the analysis of tumor DNA circulating within these centers caring for patients with lymphomas within LYSA group.

The notion of minimal residual disease (MRD) has shown its interest in follicular lymphomas and mantle cell lymphomas. The level of sensitivity of NGS-type approaches on the one hand and the informativeness of the recurrent mutations recently described on the other hand constitute two elements for reconsidering the problem of MRD in PMBLs. Molecular MRD by analysis of circulating tumor DNA could constitute a new marker for monitoring response to treatment in addition to PET-CT and be useful as a tool for non-invasive tumor sequencing at diagnosis and at relapse, in order to to determine the eligibility for possible targeted therapies (based on the inactivation of mutated genes) or immunotherapies.

This study will evaluate the prognostic value of obtaining a quantified complete molecular response (RMC) by analysis of free circulating DNA (ctDNA) after 2 and 4 cycles of first-line chemotherapy (C2 and C4) for the treatment of PMBL, and that of positron emission computed tomography (PET) performed at the same time, on overall survival and progression-free survival.

The investigators will describe 3 different populations of patients included in the study:

  1. Patients with "negative" plasma DNA at diagnosis (defined by the absence of somatic mutation detectable at diagnosis by ctDNA analysis)
  2. Patients with "positive" plasma DNA at diagnosis (defined by the presence of at least one somatic mutation detectable at diagnosis by ctDNA analysis) and whose plasma DNA becomes "negative" after 2 cycles of chemotherapy
  3. Patients with "positive" plasma DNA and whose plasma DNA remains "positive" after 2 cycles of chemotherapy For these 3 patient profiles, we will perform comparisons, search for correlations with different variables and perform univariate and multivariate statistical analyzes.

Details
Condition Primary Mediastinal Large B Cell Lymphoma
Treatment Circulating tumor DNA monitoring
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04824950
SponsorCentre Henri Becquerel
Last Modified on9 April 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patient over 18 years of age
Suffering from a diffuse primary B lymphoma of the mediastinum, newly diagnosed locally on a biopsy with anatomopathological analysis according to the recommendations of the WHO 2016 classification of hematological malignancies
All stages (I-IV)
All IPI scores (0-5)
With mediastinal involvement
Untreated (apart from emergency corticosteroid therapy less than 2mg/kg/day for 7 days)
Treatment with R-CHOP-14 or R-ACVBP with PET-CT guided strategy (delta SUVmax) to be initiated
Tumor fixation above liver background on pre-treatment FDG PET/CT/CT (Deauville score 4)
Having signed the informed consent prior to any study procedure
Affiliated or beneficiary of a social protection plan

Exclusion Criteria

Patient who has already started chemotherapy treatment
Contraindication to FDG PET-CT
No mediastinal involvement
Positive HIV serology
Positive hepatitis B or C serology with positive viral load
Protected adult (under guardianship or curatorship)
Pregnant or breastfeeding women
Patient unable to understand the study for any reason or to comply with the constraints of the trial (language, psychological, geographical problems, etc.)
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