"Tasty&Healthy" is Not a Diet But a Dietary Approach: Randomized Controlled Trials of Excluding Pro-inflammatory Nutrients for Inducing and Maintaining Remission in Crohn's Disease

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    May 23, 2024
  • participants needed
    174
  • sponsor
    Shaare Zedek Medical Center
Updated on 23 October 2022
remission
maintenance treatment
crohn's disease
sulfasalazine
colitis
enteral nutrition
immunomodulators
faecal calprotectin

Summary

Despite the advent of multiple novel medications, many patients with Crohn's disease (CD) fail to achieve mucosal healing (MH). Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) has been shown to induce clinical remission accompanied by MH in many of CD patients. The aim of this proposal is to explore the effectiveness of the "Tasty&Healthy" dietary approach based on avoiding "pro-inflammatory" and processed ingredients, for inducing and maintaining remission and MH in children and young adults. This approach is based on the previously published charity cook-book "Tasty&Healthy" and might be more feasible than currently available nutritional treatments in CD. It does not offer a rigid diet with specific nutrients and does not require concurrent use of a formula feed.

The investigators hypothesize that a flexible dietary intervention of excluding processed and pro-inflammatory ingredients will improve the rate of clinical remission and MH without the need for liquid formula or structured rigid diet which are more difficult to adhere to. The investigators also hypothesize that home kits of Fecal calprotectin (FC), can personalize the diet thereby increasing feasibility for maintenance therapy in some patients.

Description

The investigators plan to conduct a set of three studies: Two randomized controlled trials (RCT) both including the Tasty&Healthy dietary intervention for 8 weeks in CD patients aged 6-24 years vs. 1) EEN in mild-moderate CD, and the other RCT in CD patients aged 6-40 years vs. 2) a control group continuing their habitual diet in those with mucosal inflammation despite stable medical treatment, but who are in clinical remission or have only minimal symptoms not requiring immediate treatment.

As a third study, responders from both trials will be offered to participate in an open label extension personalized-diet study of further 16 weeks (total 24 weeks), in which gluten and dairy will be gradually re-introduced based on repeated monthly home assays of FC while otherwise following the Tasty&Healthy dietary intervention in a treat-to-target management approach.

Patients will be evaluated at baseline, week 4 and week 8 with additional weekly phone visits to ensure adherence with the diets and address questions.

The extension study will include two clinic visits at weeks 16 and 24 and a monthly call to ensure adherence.

The investigators hope to establish a dietary-approach which is simpler to implement than current nutritional alternatives. It will enable high flexibility in the allowed foods and does not require liquid formula. In turn, this could position Tasty&Healthy, not merely for inducing remission, but also as a feasible maintenance strategy in selected patients.

Details
Condition Crohn Disease
Treatment Tasty&Healthy intervention group, EEN intervention group
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04239248
SponsorShaare Zedek Medical Center
Last Modified on23 October 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

ACTIVE-RCT-I
Children and young adults aged 6-24 years with established diagnosis of CD by European crohn's and colitis organisation (ECCO) /The European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) criteria
<1 years of disease duration since the time of CD diagnosis
Willingness to provide stool samples during the visits, at baseline, week 4 and week 8\
Mild- moderate disease activity (wPCDAI 20-57.5 or CDAI 200-45) or milder disease (wPCDAI 12.5-57.5 or CDAI 150-450) that according to the physician's discretion warrants an immediate change in treatment (and thus cannot be included in the MH-RCT-II that has a non-treatment arm)
Currently receiving no drug treatment or on maintenance treatment with immunomodulators (at stable dose for at least 16 weeks) or 5-aminosalicylic acid (5ASA)/sulfasalazine (at stable dose for at least 8 weeks). No current or prior treatment with biologics is allowed (i.e. biologic-naïve)
MH-RCT-II
Children and young adults aged 6-40 years with established diagnosis of CD by ECCO/ESPGHAN criteria
<1 years of disease duration since the time of CD diagnosis, or <3 years of disease duration since the time of CD diagnosis for patients without evidence of significant bowel wall thickening (≤4 mm) without any damage as much as known
Willingness to provide stool samples during the visits, at baseline, week 4 and week 8\
MINI ≥8 points
Clinical remission or at most minimal symptoms (wPCDAI<20/ CDAI<200) that according to the physician's discretion do not warrant immediate medical treatment
Receiving no treatment or on maintenance treatment with immunomodulators and/or first biologic (both at stable dose and interval for at least 16 weeks), and/or 5ASA/sulfasalazine (at stable dose for at least 8 weeks). Second biologic is not allowed

Exclusion Criteria

Fibrostenotic or penetrating phenotype
Fistulizing perianal disease which is not in complete remission
Ulcerative colitis (UC)-like" isolated Crohn's colitis
Prior failure of exclusive enteral nutrition or any other dietary intervention, for any reason
The use of steroids or budesonide in the recent month, or antibiotics prescribed to treat the CD in the previous two weeks
Any formula feed during the last month
Prior intestinal resection
Pregnancy
Celiac disease
For ACTIVE-RCT-I: any prior or concurrent biologic therapy; for MH-RCT-II: any prior or concurrent biologic therapy other than one first biologic
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