Measuring Fatty Acid Oxidation in Cerebral Metastases Using [18F]FPIA

  • End date
    Mar 26, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Imperial College London
Updated on 26 March 2021


Cerebral metastases represent a significant problem for oncological management. It is estimated that 20-40% of patients with cancer will develop metastatic cancer to the brain during the course of their illness. 18F-fluoropivalate ([18F]FPIA) is a new tracer that images short chain fatty acid (SCFA) uptake in tumours, a key component of fatty acid oxidation.

The aim of this study is to quantify the degree of early step fatty acid oxidation in cerebral metastases as imaged by [18F]FPIA Positron Emission Tomography (PET)/Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).

The investigators hypothesise that FPIA uptake will be higher in metastases that are treatment nave compared to those that have undergone treatment, in keeping with viable tumour cells having a high propensity to generate ATP and NADPH via fatty acid oxidation under bioenergetic stress.


24 evaluable patients with radiological evidence of cerebral metastases on MRI will be enrolled into the study (12 who are treatment nave + 12 who have completed Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS)+/- combination therapy). The patients invited to participate in the study will provide written informed consent. [18F]FPIA PET/MRI imaging will only be performed once patients have satisfied the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Once these have been satisfied, eligible patients will proceed to [18F]FPIA PET/MRI.

On the day of imaging the patients will undergo a blood test to measure plasma concentrations of carnitine (approximately 6mls). During the scan, a single dose of [18F]FPIA (maximum, 370 MBq) IV will be administered to the participant followed by a whole brain dynamic PET/MRI scan over 66 minutes. During the MRI sequences, the patient will receive a 2 stage IV bolus of Gadolinium contrast medium administered through a peripheral venous cannula.

Condition Cerebral Metastases
Treatment PET/MRI
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04807582
SponsorImperial College London
Last Modified on26 March 2021


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