Prevention of Recurrent UTI Using Vaginal Testosterone Versus Placebo Placebo

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Sep 27, 2022
  • participants needed
    100
  • sponsor
    Maimonides Medical Center
Updated on 27 March 2021

Summary

Women over the age of 60 years have an estimated 10 to 15 % risk of recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI). This is believed to be due to hormonally induced changes in the vaginal flora associated with menopause. After menopause, there is a chemical changes in the vagina that may predispose to bacterial infections.

The role of vaginal estrogen creams to restore vaginal atrophy and prevent urinary tract infections has been well characterized. Vaginal testosterone (VT) application use in postmenopausal breast cancer patients on aromatase inhibitors have been shown to improve vaginal pH, vaginal atrophy symptom scores, dyspareunia, and vaginal dryness. Although testosterone has been used to improve sexual function in postmenopausal women, the effects of VT on vaginal flora and recurrent UTIs are unknown.

The purpose of this study is to determine whether topically applied vaginal testosterone cream is more effective than placebo in reducing the incidence of urinary tract infections in postmenopausal women with recurrent urinary tract infections and to ascertain the effects of topical estrogen on the vaginal pH and flora.

Description

Background

Women over the age of 60 years have an estimated 10 to 15 % risk of recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI). This is believed to be due to hormonally induced changes in the vaginal flora associated with menopause. After menopause, there is a chemical changes in the vagina that may predispose to bacterial infections.

The role of vaginal estrogen creams to restore vaginal atrophy and prevent urinary tract infections has been well characterized. Vaginal testosterone (VT) application use in postmenopausal breast cancer patients on aromatase inhibitors have been shown to improve vaginal pH, vaginal atrophy symptom scores, dyspareunia, and vaginal dryness. Although testosterone has been used to improve sexual function in postmenopausal women, the effects of VT on vaginal flora and recurrent UTIs are unknown.

The purpose of this study is to determine whether topically applied vaginal testosterone cream is more effective than placebo in reducing the incidence of urinary tract infections in postmenopausal women with recurrent urinary tract infections and to ascertain the effects of topical estrogen on the vaginal pH and flora.

Methods

This will be a multi-center randomized, double- blind placebo-controlled study. Participating clinic sites include Maimonides Medical Center and Northwell Health. Subjects will be one hundred postmenopausal women presenting to a gynecology, urogynecology or female urology clinic with a history of three or more microbiologically confirmed symptomatic episodes of urinary tract infection during the either the previous year or two or more within six months.

Patients will randomly assigned to one of two regimens: one group will receive VT cream to be used once each night for two weeks followed by twice-weekly applications for eight months, and the other group will receive a placebo cream to be used in the same manner. Demographic data, vaginal exam including vaginal swab to assess vaginal flora, vaginal pH measurement and vaginal atrophy index measurement will be collected at the initial study visit, again at a study visit at 4.5 months and another at 9 months.

Anticipated Results and Conclusion:

It is anticipated that vaginal testosterone cream will reduce the incidence of urinary tract infections in postmenopausal women when compared to placebo. It is expected that vaginal testosterone will improve vaginal atrophy and flora, thus, decreasing the frequency of urinary tract infections. Future aims of the study will focus on immune-dynamics associated with vaginal testosterone administration.

Details
Condition Vaginal Atrophy, Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection, Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections, Postmenopausal Disorder, recurrent utis
Treatment Vaginal Cream with Applicator
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04807894
SponsorMaimonides Medical Center
Last Modified on27 March 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

-90 yo Female
Postmenopausal
Recurrent UTIs (three or more culture confirmed symptomatic episodes of UTI or two or more in the past 6 months)
English Proficiency
Unable or unwilling to use topical estrogen
Patients with history of or current endometrial or breast cancer and current aromatase inhibitor therapy may also be included in study
Patient on oral estrogen therapy may be included
Patient with slings, prior vaginal surgery or pessary may be included

Exclusion Criteria

Current UTI/ Dipstick and culture positive (> trace leukocytes or nitrites)
Antibiotic (vaginal or oral) use in the last 4 weeks
Current sexually transmitted infection
Chronic Foley catheter use or chronic ureteral stent placement
Vaginal probiotic use in the last 4 weeks
Patient currently using vaginal estrogen
Post-void Residual Volume >150 mL or current diagnosis of urinary retention
Non-evaluated hematuria (> trace on dipstick, microscopic, gross)
Unable to complete study tasks or comply with follow up
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