Blmf Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone in Transplant-ineligible Patients With Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma

  • End date
    Feb 22, 2027
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Hellenic Society of Hematology
Updated on 26 March 2021


This is a phase 1/2, open label, study designed to assess the safety and clinical activity of different Belantamab Mafodotin doses in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone.


This is a phase 1/2, open label, study designed to assess the safety and clinical activity of different Belantamab Mafodotin doses in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone.

The study is comprised of two distinct parts: Part 1 will evaluate different doses of belantamab mafodotin in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone in up to 3 cohorts and will determine the recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) to be further evaluated for safety and clinical activity in the dose expansion cohort (Part 2). The RP2D dose will be used for future studies in the transplant-ineligible newly diagnosed MM setting. Part 2 of the study will also evaluate an alternative dose modification guideline for corneal adverse events.

Participants will undergo visits and assessments in accordance with the Schedule of Assessments (SoA).

Overall, approximately 66 participants will be enrolled in the study. Participant follow up will continue until 5 years after the last participant is randomized. The estimated accrual period will be 12 months corresponding to an approximate total study duration of 6 years.

Condition Multiple Myeloma, Lymphoproliferative Disorder, Lymphoproliferative disorders, multiple myeloma (mm)
Treatment Belantamab mafodotin
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04808037
SponsorHellenic Society of Hematology
Last Modified on26 March 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Participant at least 18 years of age
Monoclonal plasma cells in the bone marrow 10% or presence of a biopsy proven plasmacytoma and documented multiple myeloma satisfying at least one of the calcium, renal, anemia, bone (CRAB) criteria or biomarkers of malignancy criteria
CRAB criteria
i. Hypercalcemia: serum calcium >0.25 mmol/L (>1 mg/dL) higher than upper
limit of normal (ULN) or >2.75 mmol/L (>11 mg/dL)
ii. Renal insufficiency: creatinine clearance <40mL/min or serum creatinine
>177 mol/L (>2 mg/dL)
iii. Anemia: hemoglobin >2 g/dL below the lower limit of normal or hemoglobin
<10 g/dL
iv. Bone lesions: one or more osteolytic lesions on skeletal radiography, CT
Biomarkers of Malignancy
Clonal bone marrow plasma cell percentage 60%
Involved: uninvolved serum FLC ratio 100
>1 focal lesion on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies
Must have at least ONE aspect of measurable disease, defined as one of the following
Urine M-protein excretion 200 mg/24 hrs (0.2g/24 hrs), or
Serum M-protein concentration 0.5 g/dL (5.0 g/L), or
Serum free light chain (FLC) assay: involved FLC level 10 mg/dL (100 mg/L) and an abnormal serum free light chain ratio (<0.26 or >1.65)
Not a candidate for high-dose chemotherapy with ASCT due to presence of significant comorbid condition(s), such as cardiac, pulmonary or other major organ dysfunction that are likely to have a negative impact on tolerability of high dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplantation, as judged by the investigator. The reason(s) for transplant ineligibility will be collected in the case report forms (CRFs)
ECOG status of 0-2 (see Appendix 1)
Adequate organ system function as defined by the below laboratory assessments. Hematologic
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) 1.5 X 109/L; GCSF use is NOT allowed to reach this level
Hemoglobin 8.0 g/dL; transfusions are permitted
Platelet count 50 x 109/L if bone marrow is >50% involved in myeloma. Otherwise 75 x 109/L; transfusions are NOT allowed to reach this level
Total bilirubin 1.5X ULN (Isolated bilirubin 1.5xULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin <35%)
ALT 2.5 X ULN. Renal
eGFR 30 mL/min/1.73 m2; calculated using the Modified Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula
Spot urine (albumin/creatinine ratio) <500 mg/g (56 mg/mmol) OR
Urine Dipstick: Negative trace; if 1+ only eligible if confirmed <500 mg/g [56 mg/mmol] by albumin/creatinine ratio (spot urine from first void). 7. Female participants: contraceptive use should be consistent with local regulations regarding the methods of contraception for those participating in clinical studies
A female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant or
breastfeeding, and at least one of the following conditions applies
Is not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP) OR
Is a WOCBP and using two methods of reliable birth control (one method that is highly effective and one additional effective [barrier] method), beginning 4 weeks prior to initiating treatment with lenalidomide, during therapy, during dose interruptions and continuing for 4 weeks following discontinuation of lenalidomide treatment. Thereafter, WOCBP participants must use one method of reliable birth control that is highly effective for a further 3 months following discontinuation of belantamab mafodotin. WOCBP must also agree not to donate eggs (ova, oocytes) for the purpose of reproduction during treatment, during dose interruptions and for 28-days following the last dose of lenalidomide or 4 months following discontinuation of belantamab mafodotin treatment whichever is longer. For contraception guidance please refer to Appendix 2
A WOCBP must have two negative pregnancy tests prior to initiating therapy
The first test should be performed within 10-14 days and the second test
within 24 hours prior to the start of lenalidomide therapy
The participant should not receive lenalidomide until the investigator has
verified that the results of these pregnancy tests are negative. The
investigator should evaluate the effectiveness of the contraceptive method in
relationship to the first dose of study intervention. The investigator is
responsible for review of medical history, menstrual history, and recent
sexual activity to decrease the risk for inclusion of a woman with a nearly
undetected pregnancy
WOCBP is a female who
has achieved menarche at some time point
has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy or
has not been naturally postmenopausal (amenorrhea following cancer therapy does not rule out childbearing potential) for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months). 8. Male participants: contraceptive use should be consistent with local regulations regarding the methods of contraception for those participating in clinical studies
Male participants are eligible to participate if they agree to the following
during the intervention period and until 28 days after the last dose of
lenalidomide or 6 months after the last dose of belantamab mafodotin
whichever is longer, to allow for clearance of any altered sperm
Refrain from donating sperm
PLUS either
Be abstinent from heterosexual intercourse as their preferred and usual lifestyle (abstinent on a long term and persistent basis) and agree to remain abstinent, OR
Must agree to use contraception/barrier as detailed below
Agree to use a male condom, even if they have undergone a successful
vasectomy, and female partner to use an additional highly effective
contraceptive method with a failure rate of <1% per year as when having sexual
intercourse with a woman of childbearing potential (including pregnant
\. Participants must be able to understand the study procedures and agree to
participate in the study by providing written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

Participants are excluded from the study if any of the following criteria
Prior systemic therapy for multiple myeloma, or SMM
NOTE 1: An emergency course of steroids (defined as no greater than 40 mg of dexamethasone, or equivalent per day for a maximum of 4 days (that is, a total of 160 mg) is permitted
NOTE 2: Focal palliative radiation is permitted prior to enrollment, provided that it occurred at least 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study drug, that the participant has recovered from radiation-related toxicities, and that the participant did not require corticosteroid administration (for a longer period than that specified in NOTE 1 above) for radiation-induced adverse events
Participant is eligible for high dose chemotherapy with ASCT, as determined by a frailty score of 0 as assessed by the IMWG frailty index (1)
Peripheral neuropathy or neuropathic pain Grade 2 or higher, as defined by the NCI CTCAE Version 5
Major surgery within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study drug
Presence of active renal condition (infection, requirement for dialysis or any other significant condition that could affect participant's safety). Participants with isolated proteinuria resulting from MM are eligible, provided they fulfil the other inclusion criteria
Any serious and/or unstable pre-existing medical, psychiatric disorder or other conditions (including lab abnormalities) that could interfere with participant's safety, obtaining informed consent or compliance to the study procedures
Evidence of active mucosal or internal bleeding uncontrolled by local therapy and not explained by reversible coagulopathy
Current active liver or biliary disease (except for Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones, or otherwise stable chronic liver disease as per the Investigator's assessment)
Participants with previous or concurrent malignancies other than multiple myeloma are excluded. Exceptions are surgically treated cervical carcinoma in situ, or any other malignancy that has been considered medically stable for at least 2 years. The participant must not be receiving active therapy, other than hormonal therapy for this disease
Note: Participants with curatively treated non-melanoma skin cancer are allowed without a 2-year restriction
Evidence of cardiovascular risk including any of the following
Evidence of current clinically significant untreated arrhythmias, including clinically significant ECG abnormalities, second degree (Mobitz Type II) or third degree atrioventricular (AV) block
History of myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndromes (including unstable angina), coronary angioplasty, or stenting or bypass grafting within 3 months of Screening
Class III or IV heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association functional classification system (Appendix 3)
Uncontrolled hypertension
Active infection requiring treatment
Known HIV infection, unless the participant can meet all of the following criteria
Established anti-retroviral therapy (ART) for at least 4 weeks and HIV viral load <400 copies/mL
CD4+ T-cell (CD4+) counts 350 cells/uL
No history of AIDS-defining opportunistic infections within the last 12 months. o Note: consideration must be given to ART and prophylactic antimicrobials that may have a drug:drug interaction and/or overlapping toxicities with belantamab mafodotin or other combination products as relevant (See Section 7.2, Drug Interactions)
To be seropositive for hepatitis B (defined by a positive test for hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg])
Note 1: Participants with resolved infection (i.e., participants who are positive for antibodies to hepatitis B core antigen [antiHBc] or antibodies to hepatitis B surface antigen [antiHBs]) must be screened using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Those who are PCR positive will be excluded
Note 2: presence of antiHBs indicating previous vaccination will not constitute an exclusion criterion
Positive hepatitis C antibody test result or positive hepatitis C RNA test result at screening or within 3 months prior to first dose of study treatment unless the participant can meet the following criteria
RNA test negative
Successful anti-viral treatment (usually 8 weeks duration) is required, followed by a negative HCV RNA test after a washout period of at least 4 weeks
Current corneal epithelial disease except for mild punctate keratopathy
Note: Participants with mild punctate keratopathy are allowed
Intolerance or contraindications to anti-viral prophylaxis
Unable to tolerate antithrombotic prophylaxis
AL amyloidosis (light chain amyloidosis), active POEMS syndrome (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal plasma proliferative disorder, skin changes) or active plasma cell leukemia at the time of screening
Exhibiting clinical signs of or has a known history of meningeal or central nervous system involvement by multiple myeloma
Known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncratic reaction to drugs chemically related to belantamab mafodotin, or any of the components of the study treatment
Use of an investigational drug within 14 days or five half-lives (whichever is longer) preceding the first dose of study drug
Plasmapheresis within 7 days prior to the first dose of study drug
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