ISABel: Intelligent Sleep Apnoea Bed

  • STATUS
    Not Recruiting
  • End date
    Jan 19, 2023
  • participants needed
    16
  • sponsor
    Swiss Federal Institute of Technology
Updated on 5 March 2022

Summary

The aim of this trial is to assess the effect of two automated beds on severity of POSA as well as the feasibility of these beds as POSA treatment. These beds are equipped with sensors detecting apnoeas and hypopnoeas from physiological measurements - such as chest movement or breathing sound -, and coherently reacting by actively changing the user position whenever an apnoeic event occurs. Thereby we will investigate a possible treatment alternative to already established OSA therapies, either as a valuable add-on for patients eligible to the currently available therapies or as primary treatment option.

Description

During the intervention nights (2 out of 3 experiment nights), positional therapy by means of the automated bed will be applied in order to induce a change in the sleeping position. Two approaches to influence the position will be investigated:

  1. Lifting the upper body up, which has been suggested as a method for reducing habitual snoring. This intervention will be provided by an adjustable bed (AmbianceE-Motion, manufactured by Elite SA, Aubonne, Switzerland) referred to as ISABel Bed 1. This bed contains four motors for changing the inclination angle of the head, trunk, leg, and foot support. Only the position of the trunk and head support is changed during the study. The inclination angle is set to the maximum inclination angle the bed allows: this is 50 at the slatted frame which results in approximately 40 inclination of the hip of the user. The reference angle (0) is represented by the supine position.
  2. Inclination of one side of the bed. This intervention will be provided with a custom-made, adjustable bed base prototype, referred to as ISABel Bed 2 (produced by Sensory-Motor Systems Lab, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland). The bed is equipped with two motors which allow sideward inclination of up to 40 . The inclination to be applied in this study is set to 30 based on a pre-study with healthy human subjects. Both beds are equipped with non-invasive, cable-free sensors (cardio-ballistography, microphone, and force sensor). A closed-loop control algorithm, which has been developed using machine learning techniques, continuously monitors these signals and triggers the positional intervention, when it detects that the participant is experiencing an apnoea event.

Details
Condition Effect of ISABel Bed 1 Ans ISABel Bed 2
Treatment ISABel Bed 1
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04713267
SponsorSwiss Federal Institute of Technology
Last Modified on5 March 2022

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