European/International FMD Registry and Initiative (FEIRI)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Mar 10, 2031
  • participants needed
    5000
  • sponsor
    Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc- Université Catholique de Louvain
Updated on 16 May 2022
stenosis

Summary

The main objectives of FEIRI are:

(i) To describe the demographic and arterial characteristics of FMD and related diseases at a global scale and according to countries and/or ethnic origin

(ii) To evaluate the incidence and predictors of novel FMD lesions and complications

(iii) To explore the commonalities and differences between FMD, SCAD and so-called atypical FMD (patients with multiple dissections and/or aneurysms without string-of-beads, focal stenosis or evidence of inherited arteriopathy)

(iv) To contribute to the unravelling of genetic, proteomic and molecular mechanisms underlying FMD and related diseases

Participation to the FEIRI study implies:

(i) Collection of demographic and standard-of-care clinical data, both retrospectively (from the diagnosis of FMD to signature of the informed consent) and prospectively (on the occasion of standard-of-care follow-up).

(ii) Optional participation to a biobank implying collection of blood, urine and, in rare cases of intervention, tissue samples for genomic and proteomic analysis and identification of diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers of FMD.

Participants will be enrolled in centres from over 20 countries in Europe and beyond.

Description

Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is an idiopathic, segmental, nonatherosclerotic, and noninflammatory disease of the musculature of arterial walls, leading to stenosis of smalland medium-sized arteries. FMD can be classified in multifocal FMD, characterized by alternation of stenosis and dilations ("string-of-beads") and focal FMD, corresponding to a solitary narrowing. While for long FMD was considered as a rare cause of renovascular disease mostly affecting young women, during the last decades, joint international efforts have led to a thorough reappraisal of the disease. In summary, (i) FMD is no more considered as a truly rare disease; (ii) FMD may be also diagnosed in men (10-20%) and at all ages; (iii) beyond arterial stenosis, FMD is often associated with dissections, aneurysms and arterial tortuosity; (iv) FMD is not restricted to renal arteries and often affects two or more arterial beds; (iv) multifocal FMD lesions are frequent in patients with Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection (SCAD).

Despite traditional views on the role of female hormones, mechanical factors and smoking, the pathophysiology of FMD remains largely unknown. In the last decade, research has been focused on genetic dissection of the disease and identification of biomarkers. Recent advances include: (i) identification of an association between FMD and an intronic variant of the Phosphatase and actin regulator 1 (PHACTR1) gene; (ii) identification of rare mutations in several genes such as Prostaglandin I2 Receptor (PTGIR) and Collagen type V alpha 1 chain (COL5A1) genes; (iii) documentation of mild Connective-Tissue Disease-like features and increased levels of Transforming Growth Factor-beta in patients with FMD; (iv) identification of a tentative proteo-genomic signature of the disease. All elements are thus in place to further dissect the pathophysiology of FMD and related diseases, refine clinical characterization, identify predictors of complications and improve screening, management and follow-up.

Unravelling the clinical characteristics, genetic and molecular basis of FMD nevertheless requires large numbers of well characterized patients. In order to address these challenges and generate new evidence pertaining to FMD and associated diseases, we aimed to create an overarching resource and study named "the European/International FMD Registry and Initiative" (acronym: FEIRI).

The objectives of FEIRI are:

To describe the demographic and arterial characteristics of FMD and related diseases at a global scale and according to countries and/or ethnic origin

To identify environmental/ hormonal factors and exposures associated with the onset and progression of FMD

To evaluate the incidence and predictors of novel FMD lesions and complications

To provide evidence-based algorithms for the diagnosis and optimal management and follow-up of patients with FMD

To explore the commonalities and differences between FMD, SCAD and so-called atypical FMD (patients with multiple dissections and/or aneurysms without string-of-beads, focal stenosis or evidence of inherited arteriopathy)

To contribute to the unravelling of genetic, proteomic and molecular mechanisms underlying FMD and related diseases

Participation to the FEIRI study implies:

Collection of demographic and standard-of-care clinical data, both retrospectively (from the diagnosis of FMD to signature of the informed consent) and prospectively (on the occasion of standard-of-care follow-up).

Optional participation (both for centres and patients) to a biobank implying collection of blood, urine and, in rare cases of intervention, tissue samples for genomic and proteomic analysis and identification of diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers of FMD.

Participants will be enrolled in centres from over 20 countries in Europe and beyond.

Details
Condition Fibromuscular Dysplasia
Treatment Genetic dissection of Fibromuscular Dysplasia, Search for diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers of Fibromuscular Dysplasia
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04804683
SponsorCliniques universitaires Saint-Luc- Université Catholique de Louvain
Last Modified on16 May 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

(i) Patients with established FMD, i.e at least one string-of-beads (multifocal FMD) or
focal stenosis (focal FMD)
(ii) Patients with Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection (SCAD) in whom at least one
lesion of multifocal FMD (string-of beads) in extra-coronary arteries has been identified
("SCAD-FMD")
(iii) Patients with so-called "atypical FMD" or "FMD-like presentation", i.e. patients
presenting with at least one dissection or 2 aneurysms < 60-year-old, in the absence
string-of-beads, focal stenosis or evidence of inherited arteriopathy

Exclusion Criteria

Diagnosis based only on ultrasound (need for computed tomographic angiography , magnetic
resonance angiography or catheter-based angiography to confirm the diagnosis)
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