Accurate Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis Using Hybrid Positron Emission Tomography/Magnetic Resonance (PET/MR)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jul 30, 2022
  • participants needed
    60
  • sponsor
    Ruijin Hospital
Updated on 22 March 2021

Summary

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated chronic inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. Its main feature is progressive demyelination, which ultimately leads to axon damage and neuron loss. MR is the main imaging technique in the current diagnostic criteria of MS. The conventional MR sequence recommended in this diagnostic criteria has high sensitivity for detecting demyelination and axon damage, but has poor specificity, which makes disease modification therapy (DMT) blind, and it is also difficult to accurately determine the long-term prognosis.

PET is a non-invasive molecular imaging technology that can quantitatively monitor physiological or pathological processes in vivo. 18F-labeled thioflavin derivative probe (18F-florbetapir) can bind to myelin basic protein in the white matter, providing quantitative assessment of myelin content. Our preliminary studies have confirmed that the uptake of 18F-florbetapir in MS lesions is significantly related to the myelin content measured by histological staining. Therefore, 18F-florbetapir PET may be a very effective myelin imaging technology.

Advanced MR sequence such as magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) can evaluate axonal damage by analyzing neuronal activity marker N-acetyl aspartate (NAA). The new whole-brain fast 3D MRS sequence breaks through the bottleneck of low signal-to-noise ratio and spatial resolution of the current MRS sequence, and provides a reliable method for obtaining neuronal activity markers in the three-dimensional space of MS sporadic lesions in the whole brain.

Integrated PET/MR makes PET detector implant in the MR magnet, which realizes the simultaneous acquisition of PET and MR in one scan, ensuring the high consistency of the two modes. This makes it possible to simultaneously analyze PET and MRS quantitative parameters in multiple and different sizes of MS lesions, that is, to obtain two different pathological features of demyelination and neuronal damage. Separating these two pathological changes will help to more accurately and quantitatively evaluate the efficacy of DMT, program selection and prognostic judgment.

This project intends to recruit 30 MS patients between 18-65 years old, and 30 healthy volunteers with matched age and sex as normal controls. PET/MR imaging, serological examination and cerebrospinal fluid testing and scale evaluation will be performed. The aim of this project is to planned to establish a new imaging evaluation technology for accurate diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of MS.

Details
Condition Multiple Sclerosis, Radiologically Isolated Syndrome, Dermatite Atopique modérée ou grave, multiple sclerosis (ms)
Treatment 18F-florbetapir PET+MRSI
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04521439
SponsorRuijin Hospital
Last Modified on22 March 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

between 18-65 years old
able to understand the purpose of clinical research and test plan
In the brain MR assessment, it is judged as "normal (corresponding to age)

Exclusion Criteria

Any major mental illness; history of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder
Any important neurological disease, such as cerebrovascular disease, inflammation or infectious disease, demyelinating disease, neurodegenerative disease, history of epilepsy or history of physical or craniocerebral trauma or brain surgery or intracranial hematoma with permanent brain history of injury
Brain MR has pathological manifestations
Any major diseases or unstable conditions (such as unstable angina, myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization within 12 months before enrollment, heart failure, chronic renal failure, chronic liver disease, severe lung disease, blood disease, poorly controlled diabetes, chronic infections)
Medical history of tumors (except skin or prostate cancer in situ) within 5 years before screening
High risk of drug allergy (such as patients with allergic asthma) or history of severe allergic reactions to allergens
History of alcohol or drug abuse/dependence
MR contraindications (such as pacemaker or nerve stimulator or metal foreign body, high fever, etc.)
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