Intervention to Facilitate MMT/HIV Service Decentralization in Vietnam

  • End date
    Dec 1, 2021
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University of California, Los Angeles
Updated on 21 March 2021


Vietnam is currently decentralizing its methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) dispensing network to its local commune health centers (CHC), which provides a window of opportunity to study decentralization of harm reduction and HIV-related healthcare services into community-based healthcare settings. Commune health workers (CHW) in Vietnam have widespread misconceptions about harm reduction and perceived significant challenges associated with treating people who use drugs. Intervention effort is needed to address these issues to ensure a smooth implementation of the decentralized service model. This study is to pilot testing an intervention with a primary focus on process optimization in six CHC-based MMT distribution sites with 30 CHW and 90 MMT patients. The six CHC in Thai Nguyen Province of Vietnam will be randomized to either an intervention condition or a control condition. The intervention will be executed through a combination of in-person training and mobile phone application utilization. The intervention outcomes on CHW and MMT clients will be evaluated at baseline, 3-, and 6-months.


The intervention pilot will be conducted in six commune health center (CHC)-based methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) distribution sites in Thai Nguyen Province of Vietnam. Five commune health workers (CHW) and 15 MMT clients will be recruited from each of the CHC (total n = 30 CHW and 90 MMT clients). The six CHC will be matched into pairs based on the current number of CHW and MMT patient load; and within each pair, the two CHC will be randomized into either a control condition or an intervention condition. The intervention contents will include the promotion of streamlined procedure, skill training, problem solving, knowledge acquisition, networking and support, and information sharing. The intervention will be delivered through a combination of service provider in-person training and mobile phone application utilization. Provider-level outcomes (e.g., CHW's MMT/HIV service provision) and client-level outcomes (e.g., treatment progress) will be measured at baseline, 3-, and 6-month follow-ups.

Condition Opioid Use Disorder
Treatment Service decentralization facilitation intervention
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04798534
SponsorUniversity of California, Los Angeles
Last Modified on21 March 2021


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Inclusion Criteria

Age 18 or over
Currently working in one of the participating commune health centers and have direct contact with MMT clients
Providing informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

Inability to provide informed consent
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