The Nordic Baltic Chronic Total Occlusion (CTO) Arrhythmia Study

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Nov 1, 2027
  • participants needed
    200
  • sponsor
    Leif Thuesen
Updated on 18 March 2021

Summary

In patients with a chronic total coronary occlusion (CTO ), clinically significant arrhythmia seems to be an important and a poorly investigated problem. The arrhythmia prevalence in an all-comer CTO-population is unknown, but in ICD-populations with ischemic heart disease, a CTO may be found in half of patients with life-threatening arrhythmia.The purpose of the CTO-ARRHYTHMIA study, is to investigate the incidence of clinically significant arrhythmias in CTO patients using an implantable loop recorder. Further, the investigators intend to identify predictors for arrhythmias as well as the impact on arrhythmia of optimized pharmacological treatment and revascularization in CTO patients.

Description

In angiographic materials, chronic total coronary occlusion (CTO) is present in approximately 15-25% of patients and in 25-50% of those with significant coronary disease. Until recently, because of low procedural success and increased risk of complications, PCI was a problematic treatment in these patients. The introduction of drug eluting stents and a variety of dedicated CTO devices combined with the evolution of specific CTO techniques have made revascularization by PCI a promising treatment.

In CTO patients, clinically significant arrhythmia seems to be an important and a poorly investigated problem. The arrhythmia prevalence in an all-comer CTO-population is unknown, but in ICD-populations with ischemic heart disease, a CTO may be found in half of patients with life-threatening arrhythmia. Further, in patients with ischemic heart disease receiving ICDs as primary prevention, presence of a CTO was an independent predictor of occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias, and in survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, the risk of ventricular arrhythmias was found to be increased in patients with a chronic total coronary occlusion. Nevertheless, the genesis of arrhythmia in CTO-patients is likely to be multifactorial. It has been documented, that ischemic heart disease patients who present with a chronic occlusion of at least one coronary artery are older and have additional risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and more frequent myocardial infarction, i.e. a higher Chads2Vasc score (risk score for stroke in atrial fibrillation patients). Although LVEF is lower in patients with a chronic coronary occlusion, less than 1/3 are potential ICD candidates with an LVEF <35%. However, a recent study in consecutive post-AMI survivors documented the highest incidence of sudden cardiac death in patients with a relatively preserved LVEF.

The purpose of the CTO-ARRHYTHMIA study, is to investigate the incidence of clinically significant arrhythmias in CTO patients using an implantable loop recorder. Further, the investogators intend to identify predictors for arrhythmias as well as the impact on arrhythmia of optimized pharmacological treatment and revascularization in CTO patients. Here, CTO patients with failed PCI may be individuals with a particularly high risk of severe arrhythmias.

Details
Condition Chronic Total Coronary Occlusion
Treatment PCI
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04542460
SponsorLeif Thuesen
Last Modified on18 March 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

CTO lesion amenable to PCI
Stable or stabilized coronary artery disease
Angiographic/echocardiographic signs of reversible perfusion
CTO lesion in a coronary vessel supplying a significant myocardial territory (vessel diameter usually 3mm)

Exclusion Criteria

Expected survival <1 year
Patients with an indication of ICD due to EF < 35 or previous ventricular tachycardia
Patients with a cardiac device i.e. ICD, pacemaker or cardiac resynchronizing treatment device
Renal failure on dialysis
Lesions treated with PCI within one month
Indication for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). I.e. Two-or three vessel disease or left main disease and a syntax score >22\
Significant valvular heart disease
Declined informed consent
Regarding CMRI: allergy to contrast medium, severe obesity, claustrophobia and certain metallic implants
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