Long Acting LHRH Versus Short Acting LHRH in the Treatment of Prostate Cancer

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    100
  • sponsor
    University of British Columbia
Updated on 7 November 2020
gonadotropin
endocrine therapy
testosterone
hormone therapy
luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonist
brachytherapy
luteinizing hormone
adenocarcinoma
rectal ultrasound
adenocarcinoma of prostate
gonadorelin

Summary

Brachytherapy, or Transperineal implantation of the prostate (TPIP), is a recognized form of treatment for localized cancer of the prostate. TPIP has been used at the British Columbia Cancer Agency (BCCA) since 1998. As part of the treatment, some patients also require hormone therapy for 6 months. This is given as injections of a drug called an LHRH agonist. The LHRH agonist is made either as short-acting (1-month) or long-acting (3 month) injections. The LHRH agonist lowers testosterone levels, which helps make delivery of TPIP easier, and more effective. There are specific guidelines regarding the use of LHRH agonist treatment with brachytherapy, however there is no policy whether short-acting or long-acting LHRH agonists should be used. Analysis of results from BC has shown that there seems to be a delay in the time in which testosterone levels return to normal in men who receive the long-acting LHRH agonist compared with the short-acting LHRH agonist, however this is not known for sure.

Description

The suppression of testosterone to castrate levels has a definite advantage in terms of prostate volume downsizing, disease control and ease of Brachytherapy, in this patient population. The improved potency preservation rate seen with brachytherapy, when compared to other treatments such as radical prostatectomy or external beam, may be an important determinant in the patient's choice of treatment modality. Hence, testosterone recovery should be an important endpoint to consider in this patient population since prolongation of testosterone suppression may also delay the return of erectile function. In order to compare the impact of LHRH agonist preparations on the rate of testosterone recovery, we propose a randomized clinical trial using one versus three-month Leuprolide preparations in patients otherwise suitable for our Brachytherapy Program. The primary objective of this study is the median time to testosterone recovery in patients receiving 6 X 1-month or 2 X 3-month LHrH preparations and TPIP as radical treatment for limited stage prostate cancer. In this context, testosterone recovery is defined as the return to the lower limit of normal for the patient's age group as well as return to pre treatment levels. Analysis will mainly focus on time to testosterone recovery as defined by return to the lower limit of normal for the patient's age group as well as return to pre treatment levels. The lower limits of normal are defined as 5.8nmol/L and 5.5nmol/L for < 50 and > 50 years old Changes in PSA level, QOL and erectile function will also be recorded

Details
Condition Malignant neoplasm of prostate
Treatment luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) short acting or long acting
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT00175383
SponsorUniversity of British Columbia
Last Modified on7 November 2020

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