Use of Accelerometer for Quantification of Neurogenic Orthostatic Hypotension Symptoms

  • End date
    Oct 1, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Updated on 25 January 2022
systolic blood pressure
parkinson's disease
orthostatic hypotension
pure autonomic failure


The objective of this study is to find a more objective and accurate way to assess the efficacy of the treatment for neurogenic orthostatic hypotension. For this purpose, the investigators will use an activity monitor to determine the amount of time patients spend in the upright position (standing and walking; upright time) during 1 week of placebo (a pill with no active ingredients) and 1 week of their regular medication for orthostatic hypotension (midodrine or atomoxetine at their usual doses). Total upright time (i.e. tolerance to standing and walking) will be compared between placebo and active treatment to test the hypothesis that it can be used to assess the efficacy of the treatment for orthostatic hypotension and whether this outcome is superior to the assessment of symptoms using validated questionnaires.


Patients with autonomic failure cannot regulate blood pressure properly. Upon standing, their blood pressure drops (i.e. orthostatic hypotension) and may cause symptoms such as lightheadedness, dizziness, changes in vision, weakness, fatigue, trouble concentrating, and shoulder and neck pain. Orthostatic hypotension can be severe and disabling; it can lead to frequent loss of consciousness and falls. These symptoms can make it difficult to perform activities of daily living resulting in significant impairment of the patient's quality of life. Thus, the assessment of orthostatic symptoms using validated questionnaires has been one of the main tools to determine the efficacy of treatment approaches for orthostatic hypotension. However, its usefulness may be limited by several factors including difficulty in the categorization of symptoms and rating of their severity, particularly in patients with some degree of cognitive impairment; the confounding effect of factors not related to orthostatic hypotension on patient's symptoms; difficulty in performing an accurate comparison of the severity of symptoms before and after treatment or between treatments; underestimating symptom burden by not reporting symptoms that are not included in the validated questionnaires or by problems in the patient recall.

The objective of this study is to find a more objective and accurate way to assess the efficacy of the treatment for neurogenic orthostatic hypotension. The main hypothesis is that the quantification of upright time (standing and walking) with an activity monitor would be useful in the assessment of the severity of neurogenic orthostatic hypotension and the efficacy of the treatment for this condition and whether it would be superior to the assessment of symptoms using validated questionnaires.

Patients with autonomic failure and neurogenic orthostatic hypotension on treatment with either midodrine or atomoxetine will be eligible for this study. The study will take place at the participant's home with the assistance of his or her caregiver and frequent oversight from the investigative team. Participants will be studied for two separate weeks, one week with placebo and one week with their regular treatment (midodrine or atomoxetine at their usual doses), with one week in between for washout (the period of using participants' usual medication without any study measurement performed). The order of the study weeks with placebo or regular treatment will be randomized and the study medications will be blinded. On each study week, participants will be asked to wear an activity monitor (Activpal) on one of their thighs to measure the amount of time they spend in the upright posture (walking and standing), number of steps, activity and other characteristics related to the quantity and quality of walking and standing. Participants will be guided to write down the times of their daily activities, such as waking, sleeping, eating, and taking medication. At the end of each study week, the participants will be guided to fill out some questionnaires, and to take blood pressure measurements while lying down, sitting, and standing.

Condition Orthostatic; Hypotension, Neurogenic, Autonomic Failure, Pure Autonomic Failure, Multiple System Atrophy, Orthostatic; Hypotension, Parkinsonism
Treatment Accelerometer, Placebo Pill, Midodrine or atomoxetine pill
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04782830
SponsorVanderbilt University Medical Center
Last Modified on25 January 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Male and female subjects, age 40-80 years
Possible or probable Multiple Systems Atrophy, Pure Autonomic Failure, or Parkinson's disease with neurogenic orthostatic hypotension
Neurogenic orthostatic hypotension defined as a 30 mmHg decrease in systolic blood pressure within 3 minutes of standing associated with impaired autonomic reflexes determined by autonomic testing in the absence of other identifiable causes
Patients on treatment for neurogenic orthostatic hypotension with either midodrine or atomoxetine, who have experienced some improvement in their orthostatic symptoms, but still remain symptomatic (Orthostatic hypotension symptom assessment [OHSA] score of 1 to 5 while on medication)
Patients who are able to stay with their caregiver during study participation
Able and willing to provide informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

Bedridden, physically disabled, or unable to walk
Patients with Orthostatic hypotension symptom assessment (OHSA) score 6, or orthostatic systolic blood pressure drop 30 mmHg on their regular treatment
Patients taking more than one medication for the treatment of neurogenic orthostatic hypotension (concomitant use of pyridostigmine or fludrocortisone are accepted)
Systemic illnesses known to produce autonomic neuropathy, including but not limited to diabetes mellitus, amyloidosis, monoclonal gammopathies, and autoimmune neuropathies
Clinically unstable coronary artery disease (recurrent angina despite medical therapy), or major cardiovascular or neurological event in the past 6 months (myocardial infarction, stroke)
Concomitant use of anticoagulants
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