Comparison of the Effects of Different Manual Therapy Techniques in Patients With Cervical Spondylosis

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • days left to enroll
    65
  • participants needed
    76
  • sponsor
    Eastern Mediterranean University
Updated on 12 March 2021

Summary

Proprioceptive sensitivity decreases in individuals with neck pain compared to those without neck pain. While organizing the treatment program of patients with neck pain, evaluation of cervical proprioception and its addition to the treatment have gained importance.

The aim of the study is to examine the effects of muscle energy technique applied to patients with chronic neck pain on cervical proprioception and motor control and to compare the results of muscle energy technique application with cervical mobilization techniques.

Description

Cervical spondylosis (SS) is defined as chronic disc degeneration due to aging caused by degenerative changes in the muscles, tendons, joints or bones of the neck or shoulder.

The etiology of cervical spondylosis includes various factors such as bad posture, anxiety, depression, neck strain, and overload in sports or occupational activities. Proprioception is defined as sensory feedback that contributes to muscle sensation, postural balance and joint stability. It is possible that loss of cervical proprioception and motor control affect segmental stability. This increases the risk of injury following minor trauma. It has been reported that proprioceptive sensitivity is worse in individuals with neck pain compared to those without neck pain, and the degree of the disorder is related to the severity of pain. Some evidence-based studies have shown that manual techniques improve proprioception and motor control.

It has been shown that Muscle Energy Technique (MET), which has gained popularity in recent years, increases cervical joint mobility and reduces pain in patients with chronic neck pain. MET is a form a manual therapy which uses a muscle's own energy in the form of gentle isometric contractions to relax the muscles via autogenic or reciprocal inhibition mechanism. It has been reported that MET stimulates joint proprioceptors, creates a different movement activity in the area of proprioceptive disorder and allows the central nervous system to normalize proprioceptive and motor coordination in this segment. The effect of MET on cervical proprioception in patients with cervical spondylosis has not been investigated yet.

Active participation of the patient in movement is extremely important in proprioceptive feedback, motor control and motor learning. For this reason, it will be useful to investigate the effect of MET, which includes active muscle contractions of the patient, on the proprioceptive sensation and to compare the results with more passive applications (manipulation or mobilization) in terms of determining the optimal treatment method.

Details
Condition Spondylosis
Treatment conventional physiotherapy, Conventional physiotherapy and Muscle Energy Technique, Conventional physiotherapy and Cervical Mobilization Techniques
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04777318
SponsorEastern Mediterranean University
Last Modified on12 March 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Presence of neck pain of Visual Analog Pain Scale (VAS) 2 in at least one direction lasting more than three months
Not having received conservative treatment in the last 6 months

Exclusion Criteria

Pain or numbness that spreads to the arms
Having a cervical region surgery
Having musculoskeletal problems such as shoulder impingement or thoracic outlet syndrome
Having a contraindication to cervical mobilization (VBI, myelopathy, inflammatory arthropathy, malignancy, etc.)
Using analgesic drugs
People who cannot adapt to study
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