Ancillary Study of the Lessening Incontinence With Low-impact Activity Study

  • End date
    Dec 10, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University of California, San Francisco
Updated on 10 March 2021


The parent trial that supports this ancillary research is a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of a group-based yoga intervention to decrease the frequency and impact of urinary incontinence in ambulatory middle-aged and older women.

Women aged 50 years and older who report daily or more frequent stress-, urgency-, or mixed-type incontinence, are not already engaged in formal yoga or muscle stretching/strengthening programs, are willing to temporarily forgo other clinical treatments for incontinence, are able to walk to and use the bathroom without assistance, and meet other eligibility criteria are being recruited from multiple locations surrounding the San Francisco Bay area. Following a series of telephone- and then clinic-based screening assessments, including a voiding diary to confirm the frequency and clinical type of incontinence, eligible women are randomized in a 1:1 ratio to participate in either a 3-month yoga program (N~110) or a time-equivalent, non-specific muscle stretching and strengthening control program (N~110).

During the 3-month intervention period, participants participate in structured intervention programs (either yoga-specific or muscle stretching-strengthening) consisting of twice weekly, 90-minute group classes led by trained instructors). They are also be instructed to practice their assigned intervention for at least an additional hour per week, with the assistance of participant manuals created by the study team and a set of home yoga or stretching/strengthening exercise props.

For this ancillary trial research, the investigators are examining ancillary measures of a) physical performance status, b)perceived stress, depression, and anxiety symptoms, and c) sleep quality, duration, and continuity, already incorporated by the principal investigator into the parent trial. The investigators will examine prospective relationships between these ancillary measures and participant-reported urinary incontinence frequency/severity/impact, examine intervention effects on these ancillary outcomes, and assess the extent to which these ancillary outcomes mediate intervention effects on incontinence frequency/severity/impact.

Condition Urinary Incontinence
Treatment Yoga Practice Program, Physical Conditioning Program
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04776720
SponsorUniversity of California, San Francisco
Last Modified on10 March 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Women aged 50 years or older who report urinary incontinence starting at least 3 months prior to screening
Self-report an average of at least one incontinence episodes per day voiding diary
Self-report urgency-predominant (i.e., at least half of incontinence episodes being urgency-type), stress-predominant (i.e., at least half of episodes being stress-type), or mixed-type (i.e., an equal number of stress- and urgency-type episodes) incontinence on the screening voiding diary
Willing to refrain from initiating medical treatments that may affect their incontinence or voiding pattern during the study intervention period

Exclusion Criteria

Current participation in organized yoga classes or workshops, or any prior organized yoga training directed specifically at improving incontinence
Current participation in organized physical conditioning classes involving muscle strengthening exercises (e.g., Pilates)
Current urinary tract infection or hematuria detected by urinalysis at screening visit (women can re-present after evaluation and treatment through their usual care)
Report use of medical devices (i.e. pessary) for incontinence within the past month (participants may stop use of device and re-present for study)
Report use of bladder botox, electrostimulation, formal bladder training, or formal pelvic floor exercise training (with certified practitioners) in the past 3 months
Report any history of prior anti-incontinence or urethral surgery (not including urethral dilation), pelvic cancer, or pelvic irradiation
Report other surgery to the pelvis (hysterectomy, oophorectomy, vaginal surgery, bladder surgery, colon surgery) within the past 3 months
Unable to walk 2 blocks on level ground without assistance (functional capacity < 4 metabolic equivalents)
Unable to get up from a supine to a standing position without assistance (assessed during the screening visit)
Report history of interstitial cystitis, bladder or rectal fistula, or congenital defect causing urinary incontinence
Report incontinence caused by a major neurologic conditions such as multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, or Parkinson's disease
Report use of medications with strong effects on urination (anticholinergic bladder medications, beta-3 agonists, tricyclic antidepressants, mirabegron, loop diuretics) within the past month
Report starting, stopping, or changing the dose of a medication with the potential to affect anxiety or depression symptoms (i.e., selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, anxiolytics/sedatives, antipsychotics) within the past 1 month, or plans to start, stop, or change to dose of such a medication during the study period
Participation in another research study that involves investigational drugs or devices that could potentially confound the results of this study
Unable to understand study procedures, complete study interviews, or and provide informed consent in English
Report conditions that, in the judgment of the investigators, render potential participants unlikely to follow the protocol, including plans to move, substance abuse, significant psychiatric problems, or dementia
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