Geniculate Nerve Ablation vs Geniculate Artery Embolization vs Sham for Knee Osteoarthritic Pain

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • days left to enroll
    6
  • participants needed
    72
  • sponsor
    McGill University Health Centre/Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre
Updated on 7 March 2021

Summary

This is a three-arm prospective double-blinded randomized comparative trial aimed at comparing results regarding knee pain improvement in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee awaiting total knee arthroplasty (TKA) by either a sham procedure, a geniculate artery embolization procedure or a geniculate nerve ablation procedure. Experienced interventional radiologists and anesthetists at the McGill University Health Centre (MUHC) and study affiliated centers will carry out all interventions. 72 consecutive subjects meeting the eligibility criteria, considered for knee replacement in the future. Patients will be randomized to receive either the embolization procedure, the nerve ablation procedure or a sham procedure. Monitoring of pain will be recorded using visual analog scales, pain medication use, and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) and osteoarthritis knee and hip quality of life questionnaire (OAKHQOL) questionnaires over a period of 1 year post-treatment or up to the time of surgery. Pain and recovery post surgery will be monitored as well in patients who do get the Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) before the 1 year mark.

Description

This is a three-arm prospective double-blinded randomized comparative trial. Experienced interventional radiologists and anesthetists at the MUHC and study affiliated centers will carry out all interventions.

  • 72 consecutive subjects meeting the eligibility criteria, considered for knee replacement in the future.
  • Patients will be referred for consideration for the study by specialized arthroplasty orthopedic surgeons from their osteoarthritis clinic at St-Mary's hospital.
  • Prospective patients interested will be referred to the interventional radiology clinic at the MUHC for discussion of the procedures and of the study and recruitment.
  • Consent will be obtained from all patients.
  • Patients who accept to participate and fit the criteria will be randomized to receive either the embolization procedure, the nerve ablation procedure or a sham procedure. They will fill out the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) and osteoarthritis knee and hip quality of life questionnaire (OAKHQOL) questionnaires as well the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for pain which will serve as baseline.
  • They will then be contacted by the appropriate service to schedule the procedure.
  • All embolization or nerve ablation procedures will be performed by either a qualified interventional radiologist or anesthetist.

Patients will be informed that they will not know which procedure they will receive. A barrier will be placed to shield them from visualizing the procedure and, for both procedures and sham procedure, skin freezing, and post-procedural bandages will be applied to the groin and in the skin around the knee. The patients will be informed that the procedures can take similar time between 15 minutes and 1 hr and that timing is variable between patients. They will also be informed that pain sensation around the knee can be similar between procedures. For all procedures, a written scenario (words and manipulations of the skin) will be followed such that all patients have the impression they are getting the same thing despite some having only the sham, others the embolization, and others the denervation. At the end of all procedures, patients will be transferred to the recovery room as per routine for interventional radiology procedures. Recovery room nurses will not know which of the procedures the patient had. They will be informed to look out for possible complications from either procedure. Patients will be informed that they must remain with their legs still for 3hrs after the procedure to prevent bleeding from the possible puncture in the artery that is necessary for the embolization procedure. No procedure specific technical discussion regarding the procedure will occur during the procedures to suggest what was done, only the common scenario will be followed. All this will be done in an attempt to blind the patient as much as possible. Blinding will be lifted for once the patient has completed the study. There is a final questionnaire to be filled out by the patient and physician at which point the patient will be informed of what procedure they received.

  • The patients will be offered IV analgesia using midazolam and fentanyl during the procedure at regular intervals and the patients will be left to decide if they think it is necessary or not.
  • Analgesics will be provided as per set orders during the recovery period in the post-procedural recovery room. Pain scales and medications provided are routinely registered in Post-Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU) documents and this data will be collected
  • The patient will be discharged home with standard prescriptions for 2-3 days of post-procedural home analgesics and then will restart their routine pain control regimen they have been using.
  • After the procedure, while at home, the patient will fill out paper or on-line confidential surveys (only study number on the survey, no patient identifying information) of routine medications used, WOMAC questionnaires and a VAS at regular interval (1d, 1wk, 2wks, 1m, 2m, 3m, 6m, 9m, 12m and if the patient has surgery at 1wk, 2wk, 1m, 2m, and 3m post-surgery). In addition, the OAKHQOL questionnaire will be filled out at 1m, 6m, and 12m and if the patient has surgery a 3m after surgery. The patients will be contacted by phone to make sure they remember to fill these out at the correct intervals. If they have chosen to use the paper forms, they will be collected in a pre-stamped envelope to send back to us at the 12m mark.
  • A patient will be considered to have completed the study after 12m without knee surgery or 3m after a knee replacement surgery, whichever occurs first.
  • Data will be gathered, stored, and analyzed.
  • Data collected will include demographics, relevant medical history, vital signs, which procedure was performed, as well as the use of IV and oral analgesics, visual analog pain scores (VAS), WOMAC, and OAKHQOL questionnaires, X-rays performed during routine follow-ups at the orthopedic surgery clinic will be graded as per International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) grading system.
  • Other than the initial visit aimed at getting consent and randomizing the patients and the procedures themselves, any research specific patient encounters scheduled in this study will be done by phone, unless the patient requests otherwise.

Details
Condition Osteoarthritis of knee, Gonarthrosis, knee osteoarthritis
Treatment Geniculate Artery Embolization, Geniculate nerve ablation, Skin infiltration of local anesthetic at groin and knee
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04662840
SponsorMcGill University Health Centre/Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre
Last Modified on7 March 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis awaiting knee replacement surgery (expected to be more than a 3m waiting time) presenting with knee pain that patients consider unsatisfactorily managed by routine oral pain medications or cannot tolerate such medications
Patients 18 y.o. or older

Exclusion Criteria

Patients who are expected to have TKA surgery within 3 months
Patients in whom the anatomy prevents either procedure
Vascular anatomy that prevents vascular access such as occluded vasculature to the leg
Skin or deep infection that would prevent placement of needles
Suspected concomitant infected knee joint or other signs of infections such as fever
Patients with uncorrectable abnormal coagulation status (INR >1.5 and plt < 50,000 without use of anticoagulation agents)
Patients who have known severe allergy to the anesthetic agent or contrast
Patients with pre-existing conditions, which, in the opinion of the investigator, interfere with the conduct of the study
Patients who are uncooperative, cannot follow instructions, or who are unlikely to comply with follow-up appointments or fill-out the post-procedural pain questionnaires
Patients with mental state that may preclude completion of the study procedure or be unable to provide informed consent
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer  to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note