Is the BAT Inhibition Able to Replace Sting Challenges? (BATIRS)

  • End date
    Oct 21, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Medical University of Graz
Updated on 21 April 2022


Insect venom allergy is the major cause for severe allergic reactions in Europe. Wasps and honeybees are responsible for the majority of these allergic reactions. Symptoms range from generalized skin symptoms (wheals, swellings) to respiratory or cardiovascular problems such as asthma, dizziness, loss of consciousness, or cardiac arrest. The regular administration of insect venom ('venom immunotherapy') over up to 5 years is a well-established therapy, providing long-term protection from further systemic sting reactions in the majority of patients. However, there is no laboratory test which is able to identify patients who will still react to an insect sting. The only reliable method available is stinging patients with living insects ('sting challenges'). The key issue is that only few centers in Europe perform sting challenges and many patients have no access to these tests. Therefore, it is of utmost importance to find a method which is able to identify patients who are still at risk for future allergic sting reactions.

The inhibition of the basophil activation test (BAT) could be a potential method to monitor the effectiveness of immunotherapy. Basophils are cells which are activated in acute allergic reactions. The basophil activation of blood donors with vespid venom allergy can be measured after adding sera from allergic patients undergoing immunotherapy. In a preliminary study we found that the activation of basophils could be inhibited in all patients treated with vespid venom, however, results must be confirmed in a larger study.

In this study, a total of 219 patients with vespid venom allergy will be included. Those patients who are receiving or who have already finished venom immunotherapy will be sting challenged and blood samples will be taken to perform BAT inhibition experiments. At the same time, donors with confirmed vespid venom allergy, who have not undergone immunotherapy, will be recruited for a blood donation, which is necessary for the BAT inhibition tests.

If results of the preliminary study could be confirmed, the BAT inhibition will facilitate monitoring the effectiveness of venom immunotherapy and patients would benefit from an early detection of lacking tolerance and consequently from the increased venom dose preventing future life threatening systemic sting reactions.

Condition Vespid Venom Allergy
Treatment blood donation, sting challenge
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04438525
SponsorMedical University of Graz
Last Modified on21 April 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Legally competent male and female subjects who are currently treated or who have been treated with vespid venom immunotherapy
Age ≥18 and ≤70 years
Written consent of the participant after being informed

Exclusion Criteria

Autoimmune disease
Uncontrolled cardiovascular disease
Uncontrolled asthma
Clear my responses

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