Virtual Reality Technology on Pain Perception and Anxiety Levels in Adolescents and Young Adults During Third Molar Germ Avulsion Surgery (VIDAMO)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Aug 16, 2022
  • participants needed
    100
  • sponsor
    University Hospital, Brest
Updated on 3 March 2021

Summary

For a long time, the fear of the dental surgeon has been the main reason why a percentage of the population avoids regular consultation.

There are many techniques to manage anxiety (tell-show-do, positive reinforcement, live modeling, etc). Now, virtual reality offers this possibility as a non-drug alternative technique.

Few studies have assessed the value of virtual reality in peroperative during an oral surgery procedure.

It is interesting to compare the immediate post-operative anxiety level between groups using virtual reality headset (RV) versus standard protocol (hydroxyzine + music with headphones : SMP)

Description

Anxiety is defined as a state of psychic disorder caused by fear of danger ; pain as an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience. Although pain and anxiety are subjective sensations, oral cavity care is very much associated with these perceptions.

Thus, the fear of the oral health practitioner (dental surgeon, oral surgeon, maxillofacial surgeon, etc.) is one of the main reasons why a large part of the population does not consult. This real phobia installed in people's imaginary is partly explained by the fact that the mouth is an intimate part of the body. Indeed, according to the Freudian theory, discovery of body and sexuality begins with the oral stage with the oral and esophageal sphere favored as an erogenous zone (supported by the motor activity of sucking). In this way, the oral cavity is a place of love privacy and erotic intimacy, but also a means of communication and a means of recognizing tastes. Regular consultation with a specialist is consequently essential since good oral hygiene is a source of well-being (notions of pleasure, satisfaction).

Oral health practitioners have many solutions in order to reduce patients' apprehension of anxiety and their painful perceptions. In addition to the psychological approach and cognitive-behavioral therapy (tell-show-do, adapt vocabulary, involve the patient in the therapeutic project) ; medical means are available to the practitioner. According to the therapeutic gradient: firstly use of anxiolytics (hydroxyzine) more or less associated with music therapy or other methods of distraction, conscious sedation (Equimolar mixture of Oxygen and Nitrous Oxide - EMONO) and as a last resort general anesthesia.

An alternative non-drug technique has increased : the use of virtual reality (VR). This new technology, recognized for its entertainment value (creation of virtual environments that immerse people in a simulated world) has been extended to other fields including health, particularly for pain and anxiety management.

Details
Condition Dental Phobia
Treatment Virtual Reality, standard
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04609956
SponsorUniversity Hospital, Brest
Last Modified on3 March 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Aged between 14 and 20 years
Needing one (or more) germ avulsion (s) of the third molars
With asymptomatic tooth, no signs of infection and germ status
Affiliated or beneficiary of a social security system
Have given informed consent or whose consent has been given by one parent

Exclusion Criteria

Patients with visual or auditory deficits that contra-indicating the use of the virtual reality headset
Non-cooperative patients, who do not speak or do not read French fluently, don't understand the principle of a stress scale and collaborate on tests
Refusal to participate
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