Effect of Anticoagulation Therapy on Clinical Outcomes in COVID-19

  • End date
    Jan 31, 2022
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Charite University, Berlin, Germany
Updated on 23 June 2021


Patients with moderate to severe COVID-19 present a very high risk of thromboembolic disease.This multicenter, prospective, randomized, event-driven study evaluates rivaroxaban compared with standard of care including low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) or unfractionated heparin (UFH) at prophylactic doses if applicable in the prevention of the composite of venous thromboembolism (deep vein thrombosis and/or fatal or non-fatal pulmonary embolism), arterial thromboembolism, new myocardial infarction, non-hemorrhagic stroke, all-cause mortality or progression to intubation and invasive ventilation 35 days post randomization in patients with moderate to severe COVID-19.

Experimental intervention/Index test:

Patients randomized into the rivaroxaban arm will receive rivaroxaban 20 mg once daily (OD) until day 7 post randomization or hospital discharge, whichever occurs later, followed by a 28-day-phase of prophylactic anticoagulation with rivaroxaban 10mg OD. Subjects with an eGFR between 30 and 50ml/min/1,73m2, will receive 15mg instead of 20mg OD.

Control intervention/Reference test:

The control group will receive standard of care including LMWH or UFH as thromboprophylaxis or no anticoagulation, if appropriate.

Duration of intervention per patient:

The total duration of the study treatment is flexible. For out-patients 7 days of therapeutic anticoagulation will be accompanied by 28 days-phase of prophylactic anticoagulation, summing up to 35 days. For subjects that require hospitalization, the duration of therapeutic anticoagulation will be at least 7 days or prolonged until discharge if hospitalized for more than 7 days post randomization.

After discharge from the hospital the subject receives 28 days of thromboprophylaxis with rivaroxaban. No study medication will be given past day 60 post randomization. This adds up to a study duration between 35 and 60 days depending on the duration of the hospital stay.

Follow-up per patient:

The study has a follow-up of 60 days.

Experimental and/or control off label or on label in Germany:

Rivaroxaban has been approved for multiple indications worldwide. Over 100,000 subjects have been studied from Phase 1 through multiple large Phase 4 studies in multiple settings, e.g. for the reduction in the risk of stroke and systemic embolism in arterial fibrillation, deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, major cardiovascular events. The drug had not been studied in patients with COVID-19 as an anticoagulant agent, yet.

Condition *COVID-19, Covid-19
Treatment Rivaroxaban, Standard of Care (SOC)
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04416048
SponsorCharite University, Berlin, Germany
Last Modified on23 June 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Subject must be willing, understanding and able to provide written informed consent
Subject must be a man or a woman with age > 18 years at screening
Subject must have an active moderate to severe COVID-19 confirmed by
A positive SARS-CoV-2 PCR test in the last 14 days
At least one of the following features should be present
D-Dimer elevation > 1.5 ULN (age adjusted cut-offs) AND/OR
Cardiac injury reflected by an elevation in hs-cTnT > 2.0 upper limit of normal (ULN) AND at least one of the following conditions
Known coronary artery disease (CAD)
Known diabetes mellitus
Active smoking
A woman of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test before randomization occurs. Before randomization, a woman must be either
Postmenopausal, defined as >45 years of age with amenorrhea for at least 18 months
If menstruating
If heterosexually active, practicing a highly effective method of birth control, including hormonal prescription oral contraceptives, contraceptive injections, contraceptive patch, intrauterine device, double-barrier method [(e.g., condoms, diaphragm, or cervical cap, with spermicidal foam, cream, or gel)], or male partner sterilization, consistent with local regulations regarding use of birth control methods for subjects participating in clinical studies, for the duration of their participation in the study, or
Surgically sterile (have had a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy, tubal ligation, or otherwise be incapable of pregnancy), or
Not heterosexually active

Exclusion Criteria

Subject has a very high bleeding risk: Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, contraindicates anticoagulant therapy or would have an unacceptable risk of bleeding, such as, but not limited to, the following
Any bleeding (defined as bleeding requiring hospitalization, transfusion, surgical intervention, invasive procedures, occurring in a critical anatomical site, or causing disability) within 1 months prior to randomization or occurring during index hospitalization
Major surgery, biopsy of a parenchymal organ, ophthalmic surgery (excluding cataract surgery), or serious trauma (including head trauma) within 4 weeks before randomization
A history of hemorrhagic stroke or any intracranial bleeding at any time in the past, evidence of primary intracranial hemorrhage on CT or magnetic resonance imaging scan of the brain, or clinical presentation consistent with intracranial hemorrhage. This applies as well to subjects hospitalized for ischemic stroke upon randomization
Subject has a history of or current intracranial neoplasm (benign or malignant), cerebral metastases, arteriovenous (AV) malformation, or aneurysm
Active gastroduodenal ulcer, defined as diagnosed within 1 months or currently symptomatic or known AV malformations of the gastrointestinal tract
Platelet count <90,000/l at screening
Patients with the diagnosis of bronchiectasis, that due to the investigator judgement are at an increased bleeding risk
Subject has any of the following diseases in the medical history
Active cancer (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer) defined as cancer not in remission or requiring active chemotherapy or adjunctive therapies such as immunotherapy or radiotherapy. Chronic hormonal therapy (e.g. tamoxifen, anastrozole, leuprolide acetate) for cancer in remission is allowed
Any medical condition (e.g. atrial fibrillation) that requires use of any therapeutic parenteral or oral anticoagulant(s) (e.g. warfarin sodium or other vitamin K antagonists, Factor IIa or FXa inhibitors, fibrinolytics) concomitantly with study medication
Subject has known allergies, hypersensitivity, or intolerance to rivaroxaban or any of its excipients
Baseline eGFR <30 mL/min/1.73m2 calculated using CKD-EPI formula
Known significant liver disease (e.g. acute hepatitis, chronic active hepatitis, cirrhosis) which is associated with coagulopathy or moderate or severe hepatic impairment
Known HIV infection
Subject has undergone any of the following procedures or received any of the following
Received fibrinolysis during index hospitalization
Use of antiplatelet therapy with prasugrel or ticagrelor up to 7 days prior to randomization. Other P2Y12 antagonists can be given. However, the use of concomitant antiplatelet therapy should be carefully considered. ASS > 100 mg/d and continuous NSAIDs should be avoided
Use of dual antiplatelet therapy, such as aspirin plus clopidogrel during the study
Subject is a woman who is pregnant or breast-feeding
Known intolerance or history of hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients of the Investigational Medicinal Product (IMP)
Subjects who are legally detained in an official institution
Subjects who may be dependent on the sponsor, the investigator or the trial sites, are not eligible to enter the trial
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