A Study in Participants With Sarcoidosis-associated Pulmonary Hypertension (SAPH) to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Oral Selexipag (SPHINX)

  • End date
    Sep 15, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
Updated on 29 July 2022


Oral selexipag is commercially available in several countries for the treatment of a particular group of pulmonary hypertension (PH) called pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The aim of the present study is to investigate whether selexipag could be helpful to treat patients with another form of PH called sarcoidosis-associated pulmonary hypertension (SAPH).


Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a pathophysiological disorder that may involve multiple clinical conditions and can complicate several cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic disorder that is characterized by non-caseating granulomas which are present in multiple tissues, particularly in the lung and lymphatic system. Severe untreated pulmonary hypertension (PH) carries a poor prognosis and is associated with higher mortality in participants with interstitial lung diseases and sarcoidosis. While there is no approved treatment for SAPH, PH-specific treatments are frequently used. Selexipag is a selective, orally available and long-acting non-prostanoid agonist of the prostacyclin receptor (prostacyclin [IP] receptor) for the treatment of patients with PAH. The rationale for this study is based on the unmet medical need for new therapeutic options for patients with SAPH and is supported by the established efficacy and safety of selexipag in the PAH indication, the shared pathomechanism between SAPH and PAH, and the available data on the efficacy and safety of PH-specific therapies in SAPH. This study consists of screening period, main observation period and double blind extension period and safety follow-up period. The duration of individual participation in the study will be different for each individual participant (between approximately 15 months and up to approximately 3.5 years) and will depend on the time of each participant's individual date of entering the study and the total recruitment time. The efficacy assessments include right heart catheterization (RHC), assessment of exercise capacity, dyspnea, pulmonary function tests, etc. Safety and tolerability will be evaluated throughout the study and includes review of concomitant medications and adverse events (AEs), clinical laboratory tests, 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG), vital signs, physical examination, and pregnancy testing.

Condition Sarcoidosis-associated Pulmonary Hypertension
Treatment Placebo, Selexipag
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03942211
Last Modified on29 July 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Confirmed diagnosis of sarcoidosis as per American Thoracic Society (ATS) criteria
Sarcoidosis-associated precapillary PH, confirmed by RHC (at rest) within 90 days prior to randomization
PH severity according to modified WHO FC II-IV at Screening and randomization; participants in WHO FC IV must be in a stable condition and able to perform a 6MWT
Either not receiving treatment with PH-specific treatment or oral PH-specific monotherapy (ie, riociguat or PDE5i or ERA); if on oral PH-specific monotherapy then treatment had to be stable (ie, no introduction of new therapies or changes in dose) for at least 90 days prior to both and the RHC qualifying for enrollment and randomization
Stable sarcoidosis treatment regimen, ie, no new specific anti-inflammatory treatment for sarcoidosis for at least 90 days, and stable dose(s) for at least 30 days prior to both the RHC qualifying for enrollment and randomization
-minute walk distance (6MWD) greater than or equal to (>=) 50 meters both at Screening and at the time of randomization. Participants can use their usual walking aids during the test (example, cane, crutches). The same walking aid should be used for all 6-minute walk test (6MWTs). Walkers are not allowed
Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) greater than (>) 50 percent (%) and Forced Expiratory Volume (in 1 second) (FEV1) > 50% of predicted at Screening
Diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) >= 40% of predicted. If DLCO less than (<) 40% of predicted, the extent of emphysema should not be greater than that of fibrosis as assessed by high resolution computerized tomography (CT) scan
Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test at screening and randomization, must agree to undertake monthly urine pregnancy tests, and to practice an acceptable method of contraception and agreeing to remain on an acceptable method while receiving study intervention and until 30 days after last dose of study intervention
A woman only using hormonal contraceptives must have been using this method for at least 30 days prior to randomization

Exclusion Criteria

PH due to left heart disease (PAWP >15 mmHg)
History of left heart failure (LHF) as assessed by the investigator including cardiomyopathies, and cardiac sarcoidosis, with a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <40%
Treatment with prostacyclin, prostacyclin analogues or IP receptor agonists (ie, selexipag) within 90 days prior to randomization and/or prior to the RHC qualifying for enrollment, except those given at vasodilator testing during RHC
SBP <90 mmHg at Screening or at randomization
Included on a lung transplant list or planned to be included until Visit 6 / Week 39
Change in dose or initiation of new diuretics and/or calcium channel blockers within 1 week prior to RHC qualifying for enrollment
Any condition for which, in the opinion of the investigator, participation would not be in the best interests of the participant (eg, compromise well-being), or that could prevent, limit, or confound the protocol-specified assessments
Any acute or chronic impairment that may influence the ability to comply with study requirements such as to perform RHC, a reliable and reproducible 6MWT, or lung function tests
Any other criteria as per selexipag Summary of Product Characteristics (SmPC)
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