A Study of Rilematovir in Infants and Children and Subsequently in Neonates Hospitalized With Acute Respiratory Tract Infection Due to Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)

  • End date
    May 21, 2025
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Updated on 10 September 2021
The Medical Research Network, LLC
Primary Contact
Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen Megyei Korhaz es Egyetemi Oktato Korhaz (1.4 mi away) Contact
+229 other location
nasal congestion
respiratory tract infection
rsv infection


The purpose of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of rilematovir compared to placebo treatment with respect to the clinical outcome on the RSV Recovery Scale (RRS).


Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), a negative-stranded ribonucleic acid (RNA) virus belonging to the Pneumoviridae family, is considered the most important cause of acute lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) in infants and young children. In most patients, RSV results in upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) eliciting "common cold"-like symptoms, which might last up to 2 weeks, and are usually self-limiting. RSV-related LRTI is a major cause of hospital admissions and death in young children worldwide. Rilematovir is an investigational, small molecule, RSV fusion inhibitor. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of rilematovir in hospitalized infants and children (greater than or equal to [>=] 28 days to less than or equal to [<=] 5 years) and, subsequent to completion of the neonatal substudy, in hospitalized neonates (born at term, less than [<] 28 days of age) with RSV infection. The study will include a Screening Period, a Treatment Period, and a Follow-up Period. The total study duration for each participant will be approximately 36 days (Screening included). The efficacy assessments include evaluation under the RRS and the safety assessments include evaluations of physical examinations, vital signs, electrocardiograms, clinical laboratory tests, and adverse events.

Condition Upper respiratory infection, Throat and Tonsil Infections, respiratory tract infection, respiratory infection, respiratory infections, infections, respiratory, respiratory tract infections
Treatment Placebo, Rilematovir, Rilematovir X mg/kg
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04583280
SponsorJanssen Research & Development, LLC
Last Modified on10 September 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

The participant weighs within greater than or equal to (>=) 2.4 kilograms (kg) and less than or equal to (<=) 24.6 kg
Each participant's parent(s) (preferably both if available or as per local requirements) or their legally acceptable representative(s) has/have signed an informed consent form (ICF) indicating that (s)he understands the purpose of, and procedures required for, the study; is willing for their child to participate in the study; with regards to the concomitant medication, the lifestyle consideration and study procedures and assessments to be performed by the parent(s)/caregiver(s) as well as those by the investigator/study site personnel
The participant has an acute respiratory illness with at least 1 of the signs/symptoms within 24 hours prior to start of screening and at screening, as evaluated by the investigator in Upper respiratory tract infection: nasal congestion or rhinorrhea; and Lower respiratory tract infection: increased respiratory effort (as evidenced by subcostal, intercostal or tracheosternal retractions, grunting, head bobbing, nasal flaring, or tachypnea), wheezing, cough, cyanosis, or apnea; and systemic/general: feeding difficulties (defined as <75 percent [%] intake of normal food amounts); dehydration; fever; disturbed sleep, or disturbed activity level (irritable/restless/agitated/less responsive). Cough or wheezing cannot be the only LRTI sign/symptom present, that is, at least one other LRTI sign/symptom needs to be present for eligibility
The time of onset of RSV signs/symptoms to the anticipated time of randomization must be less than or equal to (<=) 3 days. Onset of signs/symptoms is defined as the time of the day (or part of the day if time of the day cannot be specified) the parent(s)/caregiver(s) became aware of the first sign and/or symptom consistent with respiratory or systemic/general manifestation of signs/symptoms of RSV infection. The time of sign/symptom onset has to be assessed as accurately as possible
Participants are otherwise healthy or have (a) risk factor(s) for severe RSV disease

Exclusion Criteria

The participant has had either confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection (test positive) during the four weeks prior to randomization, or close contact with a person with COVID-19 (test confirmed or suspected SARS CoV-2 infection) within 14 days prior to randomization
Confirmed QT interval corrected for heart rate according to Fridericia's formula (QTcF) interval greater than (>) 450 milliseconds (msec) per the machine read parameter result at screening. Presence of an abnormal QTcF interval should be confirmed by repeat electrocardiogram (ECG) recording during screening
Known personal or family history of Long QT Syndrome or sudden cardiac death
Presence of repetitive ventricular premature contractions (>10/minutes [min]), secondor third-degree heart block, or complete or incomplete left bundle branch block, or complete right bundle branch block per the machine read ECG result at screening. Presence of any of the above abnormalities should be confirmed by repeat ECG recording during screening
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