Retina is a Marker for Cerebrovascular Heath

  • End date
    Jun 9, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Mayo Clinic
Updated on 9 August 2022
Accepts healthy volunteers


Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD), present in 80-94% of adults over age 65 years, increases the risk of stroke by 2-fold, and dementia by 2.3-fold. There is currently no treatment to slow SVD progression. This study aims to test whether impaired cerebral and retinal vasoreactivity may serve as biomarker for SVD progression, and to evaluate the safety and efficacy of cilostazol (antiplatelet agent with vasodilatory and anti-inflammatory properties) for the treatment of SVD.


This is a prospective, observational nested pilot randomized controlled study to discover retinal biomarkers that would predict cerebral small vessel disease progression, and evaluate the safety/efficacy of cilostazols in slowing SVD progression. Twenty CADASIL, 40 sWMD, 20 lobar CMB, and 20 age-matched healthy controls from the Mayo Clinic Florida Familial Cerebrovascular Disease Registry and neurology clinic will be recruited. All participants will undergo OCTA retinal scan, MRI-BOLD brain scan, cognitive battery evaluation, and blood sample at baseline and a 12-month follow-up visit. Key outcome measures are: RVR, CVR, cognition, WMH volume, and CMB volume. The 40 patients diagnosed in the course of routine clinical care with sWMD will be randomized in 1:1 ratio to receive cilostazol 100mg bid (or 50 mg bid if taking medications known to affect metabolism of cilostazol) or no cilostazol, and followed for WMD progression, and secondarily for changes in cognition, RVR and CVR. Flow diagram below outlines the study design. Note that in addition to what is shown in the trial flow diagram, patients will have telephone visits between baseline and 12 month clinic visits biweekly for 3 months and then monthly thereafter. These visits will consist of a survey for adverse events and at the 1-, 3-, 6- and 9-month telephone visits patients will also get a modified Rankin scale assessment, a Six-item screener (cognitive assessment) and a PHQ-2 (depression screen).

Condition Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases, Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy With Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy, Cerebral Microbleeding, Sporadic White Matter Disease
Treatment Cilostazol
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04753970
SponsorMayo Clinic
Last Modified on9 August 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Age ≥18 yo
Diagnosis of CADASIL, sporadic WMD or lobar CMB and age-matched healthy controls (eg. patient's spouse or unrelated friends without SVD)

Exclusion Criteria

Breast feeding
Unable to follow commands
Unable to tolerate MRI
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Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

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If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

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Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

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