A Randomized Clinical Study of "Attempted Suicide Short Intervention Program" in Swedish Healthcare - ASSIP

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Oct 20, 2025
  • participants needed
    460
  • sponsor
    Region Skane
Updated on 19 February 2021

Summary

This is a randomized study of ASSIP as a treatment for patients who have recently made a suicide attempt. Six psychiatric clinics from four regions in Sweden are included. Together 460 patients will be recruited. Patients will be randomized to ASSIP as a supplement to treatment as usual or to treatment as usual only.

The overall aim of the study is to evaluate whether ASSIP, a short-term clinical intervention, can prevent future suicidal behavior in people who have attempted suicide better than just conventional treatment. The project also investigates whether there are any specific factors that may be related to ASSIP's potential effectiveness and whether ASSIP has health economic benefits.

Only patients who give their written consent will be included in the study. Those who meet the inclusion and no exclusion criteria at screening / visit 1 undergo an assessment according to an interview protocol, self-assessment form, and self-assessment scales. Thereafter, the patient is randomized via an electronic system to either ASSIP plus standard treatment or only standard treatment. All patients, regardless of which treatment they are randomized to, will be followed up for two years with a telephone interview and self-assessment scales month 3, 12 and 24. Data from medical records and registers will also be collected.

Description

Purpose and aims:

The overall purpose of this project is to evaluate ASSIP for the prevention of future suicidal behavior in persons who attempt suicide. The specific goals are a) to examine the effectiveness of Attempted Suicide Short Intervention Program (ASSIP) in reducing new suicide attempts in Swedish healthcare, b) to identify factors associated with the effectiveness of ASSIP, c) to construct a cost-effectiveness model of ASSIP.

Background

According to a consensus position paper from the evidence-based national suicide prevention task force in Europe, health care approaches with high evidence include treatment of depression and ensuring chain of care. These strategies are in line with Swedish guidelines. However, several recent international studies suggest that interventions specifically targeted to prevent suicide attempts may be more successful and that brief psychological interventions are of interest . One promising brief psychotherapeutic intervention to prevent new suicide attempts in suicide attempters is ASSIP . An RCT from Switzerland that included 120 patients showed an 80% risk reduction for new suicide attempt within two years, when ASSIP was added on to treatment as usual (TAU) compared to TAU alone.

Study design:

This is an evaluator-blinded, multicenter randomized controlled trial (RCT). The patients will be examined with a structured interview and self-rating scales at baseline (first visit), and structured telephone interviews, self-rating scales and medical record screening at 3 months, 12 months and 24 months follow up. Completed suicides will be detected through the Cause of Death Register. The study will also collect information from the National Board of Health and Welfare (NBHW), National Prescribed Drugs Register (NPDR), Longitudinal integrated database for health insurance and labour market studies (LISA) and the Swedish Social Insurance Agency (Frskringskassan).

Randomization: After the first visit, the patients will be randomized to ASSIP+ TAU or TAU only, using stratified randomization according to clinical site. The randomization will be performed through REDCAP, a web-based application for electronic data collection in research studies. Expected site differences: To map the variation of TAU with site, age, gender, ICD diagnoses and previous suicide attempts, health care contacts and treatments a TAU check list will be used.

Details
Condition Suicide attempt
Treatment Treatment As Usual, ASSIP + treatment as usual
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04746261
SponsorRegion Skane
Last Modified on19 February 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Age 18 years
Signed informed consent to participate in the study
Contact with psychiatric health care after a suicide attempt within 3 months before the baseline visit
Booked meeting or visit in psychiatry or primary care after visit 1

Exclusion Criteria

Psychotic illness with current delusions, hallucinations or other negative symptoms that may affect the therapy
Known emotionally unstable personality disorder (ICD 10) noted in the medical record
Inability to undergo therapy without an interpreter
Mental retardation, dementia, or other circumstances that make it difficult to understand the meaning of participating in the study and giving informed consent
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If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

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Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

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