Dose Escalation/Dose Expansion Study of YBL-006 in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

  • End date
    May 23, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Y Biologics Inc.
Updated on 7 October 2021


This is a Phase 1, open-label, multicenter, dose-escalation/dose-expansion study of YBL-006, in participants with Advanced Solid Tumors. This multicenter study will be conducted in approximately 11-14 participants in the dose escalation phase, and approximately 39-76 participants in dose expansion phase.


Study will consist of three periods:

  1. Screening (up to 28 days)
  2. Treatment (28-day, 14-day, or 21-day cycles)
  3. Follow-up (up to 3 months) The treatment period will consist of 28-day cycles for the dose escalation phase, and 14-day (Cohorts B1, B2 reserve, and B3) or 21-day (Cohort B2) cycles for the dose expansion phase. Each cycle is comprised of two doses of IP administered as an IV infusion on Days 1 and 15 (dose escalation phase) or one dose of IP administered as an IV infusion on Day 1 (dose expansion phase). The treatment duration will be of 1 year in patients who are responding to the treatment.

Dose Escalation:

An accelerated titration design will be utilized for the lowest dose cohort (0.5 mg/kg) in the dose escalation part. Whereas the traditional 3 + 3 design will be utilized for the higher dose cohorts until the proposed starting dose for the Expansion Cohort is determined

Expansion Cohorts:

Up to four tumor-specific expansion cohorts consisting of approximately 39 to 76 participants will evaluate the safety, efficacy, PK, and PD of YBL-006 at the proposed doses of YBL-006"

Condition Advanced Solid Tumors
Treatment YBL-006
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04450901
SponsorY Biologics Inc.
Last Modified on7 October 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Written consent on an IRB/ IEC-approved ICF prior to any study-specific evaluation
Male or female aged 18 years (or age of legal adult, whichever is older)
Life expectancy of at least 3 months
ECOG performance status of 0 to 1
Availability of archival tumour tissue and consent to provide archival tumour for retrospective biomarker analysis, or consent to undergo a fresh tumour biopsy during screening. Participants who do not have an existing (archived) tumour specimen and are unwilling to undergo a biopsy may be enrolled with prior approval from the Sponsor
For participants in dose escalation only: Histologically confirmed solid tumours (except primary CNS tumours) that are unresectable, locally advanced, or metastatic and have progressed following all standard treatments or is not appropriate for standard treatments
Must have at least one measurable lesion based on RECIST Version 1.1. A previously irradiated lesion can be considered a target lesion if the lesion is well defined, measurable and there is objective evidence of interval increase in size
CNS metastasis must be without evidence of progressive neurological symptoms or requires increasing doses of corticosteroids to control the CNS disease for at least 4 weeks. If a participant requires corticosteroids for management of CNS disease, the dose must have been stable with low-dose (same or less than 10 mg/day prednisone or equivalent) for at least two weeks preceding C1D1
Immunosuppressive doses of systemic medications, such as steroids (doses > 10 mg/day prednisone or equivalent) must be discontinued at least 2 weeks before IP administration
Prior surgery that required general anaesthesia must be completed at least 14 days before IP administration. Surgery requiring local/epidural anaesthesia must be completed at least 72 hours before IP administration and participants should be recovered
Adequate haematological and biological function, confirmed by the following laboratory
Neutrophils 1000/L Platelets 75,000/L Haemoglobin 9.0 g/dL (may have been
transfused) Creatinine 1.5upper limit of normal (ULN) Aspartate
aminotransferase (AST) 2.5ULN (Except with liver metastasis, AST 5ULN) Alanine
aminotransferase (ALT) 2.5ULN (Except with liver metastasis, AST 5ULN)
Bilirubin 1.5ULN (except participants with Gilbert's syndrome, who must have
total bilirubin < 3.0 mg/dL)
\. Women must meet 1 of the following criteria: postmenopausal for at least
consecutive months; surgically incapable of bearing children (i.e., have
had a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy); or utilizing a reliable form of
contraception. In general, the decision for appropriate methods to prevent
pregnancy should be determined via discussions between the Investigator and
the study participant. WOCBP must agree to use a reliable form of
contraceptive during the study Treatment Period and for at least 120 days
following the last dose of IP
\. Men must agree to the use of acceptable contraceptive use and avoid sperm
donation, during the study Treatment Period and for at least 180 days after
the last dose of IP
\. For the Expansion Cohort, participants enrolling must also meet the
following inclusion criteria
Confirmed diagnosis of one of the following tumour types
For all Expansion Cohorts (B1, B2, B2 reserve, and B3), histologically confirmed advanced solid tumours (except primary CNS tumours) that are unresectable, locally advanced, or metastatic and have progressed following all standard treatments, or are not appropriate for standard treatments
For the B3 cohort, participants must meet one of the following
Participants must have progressed following at least one line of standard systemic therapy and there must not be other approved/standard therapy available that has been shown to prolong overall survival (i.e., in a randomized trial against another standard treatment or by comparison to historical controls); participants who cannot receive other standard therapy that has been shown to prolonged survival due to medical issues will be eligible, if other eligibility criteria are met; OR
Participants for whom no standard treatment exists that has been shown to prolong overall survival
The following tumour types are eligible for the B3 cohort
Metastatic NSCLC: Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of stage IV NSCLC (cases of non-squamous cell carcinoma or NSCLC of unknown subtype) with high ( 50%) PD-L1 tumour expression as determined by IHC, without EGFR sensitizing (activating) mutation by PCR and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) translocation as determined by IHC or fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). For pathologically confirmed squamous cell carcinoma, only high ( 50%) PD-L1 tumour expression is required
For Korea only, participants may be enrolled, provided all of the following
requirements are met
Participants who have failed standard care of anti-cancer treatments, including platinum-based chemotherapy
Participants who have refused or discontinued platinum-based chemotherapy due to intolerance
Participants who have refused the approved immune checkpoint inhibitors as standard treatment or discontinued due to intolerance. c. Unresectable or metastatic solid tumours with MSI-H or dMMR, locally confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or any other appropriate method, such as IHC, in accordance with local site practices
No additional MSI-H test is required if this test has been completed
previously. However, if the participant did not proceed with this test, then
additional testing should be completed at a local facility
d. Histologically confirmed diagnosis of non-clear cell renal cell carcinoma
(RCC), anal squamous cell carcinoma (aSCC), uterine cervical cancer, cutaneous
squamous cell carcinoma of the skin (cSCC), uterine endometrial carcinoma
tumours which are tumour mutational burden-high (TMB-H), epithelial tumour of
the penis (squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma), neuroendocrine tumour
(any origin, pancreatic or non-pancreatic), and nasopharyngeal cancers
TMB-H: 10 mutations/megabase, determined at the local (site) laboratory is
acceptable for study enrolment
e. Histologically or cytologically confirmed recurrent or metastatic HNSCC

Exclusion Criteria

History of severe hypersensitivity reactions to other monoclonal antibodies
Prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (anti-CTLA-4) antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or immune checkpoint pathways
Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, biological cancer therapy, or tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy within 2 weeks or 5 half-lives (whichever is the longer)prior to the first dose of IP, or who has not recovered to National Cancer Institute (NCI)- Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5 or higher Grade 1 or better from the AEs due to cancer therapeutics administered more than 2 weeks earlier; (palliative radiation treatment with a limited field of radiation is allowed up to 14 days prior to first dose of YBL-006)
Prior malignancy active within the previous 2 years except for locally curable cancers that have been apparently cured, such as basal or squamous cell skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast, or localized prostate cancer
Active infection (viral, bacterial, or fungal) requiring IV antimicrobial treatment within 14 days before the first dose of YBL-006
Has known chronic Hepatitis B (e.g., HBsAg reactive) without sufficient anti-viral treatment (prior treatment duration should be more than 3 months), Hepatitis C infection, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Has active or history of interstitial disease (ILD), or has had a history of pneumonitis that has required oral or IV steroids
Evidence of bleeding diathesis
Any active or suspected autoimmune disease or a documented history of autoimmune disease, or history of a syndrome that required systemic steroids or immunosuppressive medications, except for participants with vitiligo or resolved childhood asthma/atopy
Receipt of live, attenuated vaccine within 28 days prior to the first dose of IP (Note: Participants, if enrolled, should not receive live vaccine during the study and 180 days after the last dose of IP). Vaccination with a killed vaccine is permitted at any time with consultation with the Medical Monitor. Patients may receive vaccination for SARS-CoV-2 (DNA or mRNA vaccine) at the discretion of the Investigator as soon as they are eligible, and a vaccine is available
Known current drug or alcohol abuse
Apparent active or latent tuberculosis infection (purified protein derivative [PPD] test is not required) as indicated by any of the following: PPD recently converted to positive; chest x-ray with definitive evidence of active infectious infiltrate
Presence of any other condition that may increase the risk associated with study participation or may interfere with the interpretation of study results, and, in the opinion of the Investigator, would make the participant inappropriate for entry into the study
Concurrent medical condition requiring the use of immunosuppressive medications or immunosuppressive doses of systemic corticosteroids (doses 10 mg/day prednisone or equivalent). Inhaled or intranasal corticosteroids (with minimal systemic absorption) may be continued if the participant is on a stable dose. Non-absorbed intra-articular steroid injections will be permitted
Use of other investigational therapy within 28 days before IP administration
Non-study related minor surgical procedure (e.g. placement of a central venous access port) 5 days, or major surgical procedure 21 days, prior to first dose of IP; in all cases, the participant must be sufficiently recovered and stable before treatment administration
Psychiatric illness or social situation that would preclude study compliance
Participant has clinically significant, uncontrolled, cardiovascular disease including congestive heart failure Grade III or IV according to the New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification; myocardial infarction or unstable angina within the previous 6 months, uncontrolled hypertension, or clinically significant, uncontrolled arrhythmias, including bradyarrhythmias that may cause QT prolongation (e.g., Type II second degree heart block or third degree heart block)
Participant has a QT interval corrected using Fridericia's formula (QTcF) > 470 msec. Participant has a history of prolonged QT syndrome or Torsades de pointes. Participant has a familial history of prolonged QT syndrome
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