Initial Manifestations of Congestive Heart Failure in Patients With NSTEACS

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Aug 28, 2024
  • participants needed
    200
  • sponsor
    National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine
Updated on 18 March 2021

Summary

Acute heart failure (HF) is a common complication of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) associated with poor prognosis. Diagnosis of congestive HF in patients with initial, non-severe symptoms and signs may be challenging and early stages of this complication may be missed. To assess severity of HF in patients with ACS Killip classification is widely used but it does not take into account mild manifestations of HF. Thus, patients without rales in the lungs and/or S3 will be labelled as Killip class 1. The aim of this study is to determine the frequency, risk factors, abilities for early diagnosis using routine medical evaluation and clinical significance of subclinical and mildly symptomatic congestive HF in patients with ACS without persistent ST-segment elevation (NSTEACS).

The study will include 200 patients with NSTEACS without history of severe HF and overt signs of congestion at presentation. Presence and severity of dyspnea (according to Likert ans Visual analog scales), physical signs of heart failure (respiratory rate, distention of jugular veins, S3), peripheral oxygen saturation by pulse oximetry, heart rate and signs of ischemia on ECG, signs of congestion according to lung and vena cava inferior ultrasound and chest X-Ray/CT as well as levels of NT-proBNP, hsTn, CRP and FABP at presentation will be evaluated. Presence and severity of dyspnea, physical signs of heart failure, oxygen saturation, heart rate and signs of ischemia on ECG, lung and vena cava inferior ultrasound will be re-assessed after 6, 12 and 24 hours. During hospitalization occurrence or worsening of clinical HF. Clinical events will be followed up to 12 months after hospitalization.

Details
Condition Acute Heart Failure, Non-ST-segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome, Acute Heart Failure, Non-ST-segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome, Acute Heart Failure, Non-ST-segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04739098
SponsorNational Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine
Last Modified on18 March 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients hospitalized to the cardiac intensive care unit with ACS without persistent ST-segment elevation
Signed informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

ACS with persistent ST-segment elevation
High probability of absence of ACS
Congestive rales in the base of lungs, cardiac asthma, pulmonary edema, cardiogenic shock, obvious edema, anasarca
History of severe chronic heart failure (III-IV NYHA class, obvious edema, anasarca)
Continuous use of loop diuretics
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