Ultrasound-assisted vs Landmark Based Intrathecal Administration of Nusinersen

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 14, 2022
  • participants needed
    58
  • sponsor
    Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli IRCCS
Updated on 18 February 2021

Summary

Intrathecal administration of Nusinersen, an antisense oligonucleotide capable of increasing Survival Motor Neuron protein production, has been tested in Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) to improve motor function and survival. A feature of adult SMA patients is a progressive neuromyopathic scoliosis, so spinal nusinersen administration can be challenging. Landmark identification using a pre-procedure ultrasound (US) facilitates technical performance of spinal anesthesia and allows for the elimination of radiation exposure.

The aim of this randomized prospectic study is to determine if the US assistance for spinal administration of nusinersen is able to increase the proportion at successful 1st needle insertion of the needle. Secondary outcome measures are procedure time, patient satisfaction and prevalence of postdural puncture headache.

Patients will be randomlized to receive a US-assisted nusinersen administration or a landmark based nusinersen administration.

Description

Background Nusinersen, an antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) capable of increasing SMN protein production, has been used in clinical trials in infants and children with SMA type 1 or type 2 and has been associated to a significantly better motor development, motor function, and survival compared with placebo groups. Because of the lacking ability of ASOs to cross the blood-brain barrier, nusinersen is administered intrathecally. While most infants with SMA type 1 die in easy childhood without a muscular and nutritional support, SMA type 2 patients often reach adulthood, and patients with SMA type 3 generally have a normal lifespan. A further feature of SMA patients is a progressive neuromyopathic scoliosis, so spinal nusinersen administration can be challenging because of poorly palpable surface landmarks, as in elderly and in obese patients. In patients with anticipated difficult anatomy, the failure rate of neuraxial anesthesia may be as high as 17%. Furthermore, multiple needle punctures are associated with hematoma, post-dural-puncture headache, back pain, and patient dissatisfaction. Current data suggest that landmark identification using a pre-procedure ultrasound (US) is a useful adjunct to neuraxial anesthesia that facilitates technical performance in obstetric and pediatric patients. In adult patients with difficult spinal anatomy a pre-procedure US reduces the number of attempts and the number of needle passes necessary for successful spinal anesthesia and can predict technical difficulty; notably, compared to fluoroscopy, sonography allows for the elimination of radiation exposure for patient and physician and for a cost reduction for institution. Despite these potential advantages, reports of lumbar central neuraxial blocks US guidance in patients with predicted placement difficulties are limited. Most reports to date involve a small number of patients with normal anatomy.

Methods The study will be conducted in Fondazione Policlinico "A.Gemelli" operatory rooms, Rome, Italy. Written informed consent will be obtained from all patients enrolled in the study. SMA adult patients referring to NEMO center of this institution will be enrolled. Exclusion criteria will be: coagulation defects, patients medicated with anticoagulation, any finding of infection in puncture site, high intracranial pressure. A visit will be performed before the procedure.

Patients will be randomly assigned in ratio 1:1 to one of two groups using a sealed envelope: Group 1 (US-assisted nusinersen administration) and Group 2 (landmark based nusinersen administration). Nusinersen administration will be performed with a single-operator technique by one of two anesthesiologists trained on US-guided or -assisted central neuraxial blocks. With patient in sitting position, or in lateral position if forced posture will be needed, after skin disinfection with 2% chlorhexidine in 70% alcohol, the spinal administration will be performed as follows: Group 1 (US- guided nusinersen administration). The paramedian sagittal oblique view will be used to identify specific lumbar interspaces and perform the procedure. Starting at the sacrum and moving cephalad, the L2-3 or L3-4 intervertebral interspace will be identified. After local anesthesia with lidocaine 2% (3-5 mL), a 25-gauge Withacre spinal needle will be used to identify subarachnoid space. After confirmation of the flow of cerebrospinal fluid and after removing 5 ml of CSF, nusinersen will be administered intrathecally over 1-3 min. Group 2 (landmark based nusinersen administration).

The desired intervertebral space (L2-3 or L3-4) was first identified by manual palpation of surface landmarks and marked on the skin. After local anesthesia with lidocaine 2% (3-5 mL) a 25-gauge Withacre spinal needle will be used. After confirmation of the flow of cerebrospinal fluid and after removing 5 ml of CSF, nusinersen will be administered as previously described. After successful administration, patients will be positioned in the supine position for 2-3 h. Within 72 hours of administration a phone survey will be conducted to evaluate the development of postdural puncture headache. Another outpatient visit will be performed at 30 days after the procedure.

Details
Condition Ultrasonic Shockwave, Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Ultrasound, ultrasonic diagnosis, Ultrasound
Treatment US-assisted nusinersen administration
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04674618
SponsorFondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli IRCCS
Last Modified on18 February 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

SMA adult patients

Exclusion Criteria

coagulation defects
medication with anticoagulant
infection in puncture site
high intracranial pressure
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

0/250

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note