Effectiveness of Spinal Manipulation in Fibromyalgia

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    Bezmialem Vakif University
Updated on 29 August 2021


The aim of this study is to evaluate whether spinal manipulation, which is a potential treatment method for musculoskeletal pain, has an additional contribution in patients with fibromyalgia receiving standard pharmacological treatment.


Although fibromyalgia (FM) is quite common, success rates in conservative treatment are unsatisfying. Combination of pharmacological and non-pharmacological applications is recommended in treatment. Although the etiology of FM is not well known, characteristic findings such as hyperalgesia and allodynia suggest problems related to pain and sensorial processing in the central nervous system.

It has been suggested that spinal manipulation can alter sensorimotor integration in the central nervous system and therefore can be used in the treatment of central sensitization syndromes. However, manual therapy applications, which were examined under the heading of chiropractic in the 2016 EULAR treatment recommendations, were not recommended due to the low quality (open-label, quasi-experimental) of the studies conducted so far. However, it has been suggested for future studies to investigate whether the combined use of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments is more effective than single modality management. But since then unfortunately a high level of evidence also could not be obtained related to use of spinal manipulation in FM due to reasons such as lack of reporting of the manual therapy methods used in detail, conducting studies involving mostly soft tissue techniques and not following CONSORT recommendations.

This study is planned as a prospective, triple-blinding, randomized controlled and 3-arm parallel group design clinical study considering the concepts that have been lacking the literature.

Condition Fibromyalgia, Myofascial Pain Syndrome, fibro
Treatment Spinal manipulation, Sham manipulation
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04673058
SponsorBezmialem Vakif University
Last Modified on29 August 2021

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