iMagemHTT: FIH Evaluation of Novel Mutant Huntingtin PET Radioligands [ C]CHDI-00485180-R and [ C]CHDI-00485626

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jan 4, 2023
  • participants needed
    84
  • sponsor
    CHDI Foundation, Inc.
Updated on 4 August 2021
body mass index

Summary

This is a FIH (first-in-human) adaptive PET (Positron Emission Tomography) imaging study to explore the binding and kinetic properties of two potential mutant huntingtin (mHTT) radioligands; [C]CHDI-00485180-R and [C]CHDI-00485626.

The binding characteristics of these radioligands will be evaluated first in young (< 35 years of age) healthy control (HC) participants (Phase 1a) and subsequently in young HCs and Huntington's disease gene-expansion carriers (HDGECs) with Stage II HD (Phase 1b). Subsequent phases will continue to explore the radioligands' binding characteristics in HDGECs with Stage II HD (Phase 2a), Stage I HD (Phase 2b) and pre-manifest HDGECs (Phase 2c) and their age matched healthy controls. All phases are cross-sectional and will include comparisons between HCs and HDGECs. Test-retest (TRT) evaluations will be done during Phase 2a, with the option of including further test-retests in Phases 2b, and 2c after review of data by the iMagemHTT Executive Committee. TRT is only applicable to HDGEC participants.

There are four planned interim analyses at which either radioligand may be dropped if its characteristics are shown to be suboptimal. If successful, the study will establish [C]CHDI-00485180-R and/or [C]CHDI-00485626 as fit for further development as drug development tools to measure mHTT levels in HDGECs. This development is intended to demonstrate the value of PET imaging with these radioligands as a disease progression biomarker, predictive biomarker, pharmacodynamic biomarker, and eventually as an efficacy biomarker.

All HDGEC participants will be invited to provide an optional cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) sample that will be collected after the imaging visits are complete. These samples will be processed to evaluate CSF mHTT levels and other potential biomarkers and to explore potential relationships between soluble CSF mHTT levels and mHTT binding identified by [C]CHDI-00485180-R and/or [C]CHDI-00485626 PET imaging. Potential CSF biomarkers that might be co-expressed or accumulated in HD may also be examined.

Description

The study investigators have developed two novel PET radioligands that will be evaluated for their suitability for use in clinical research settings to quantify mHTT in HDGECs. The PET radioligands do not have any pharmacological effect at the microdoses (total dose <100ug) at which they will be administered; they will not be administered at pharmacological doses. This study has a modular design in two phases, and each phase will enroll a small independent cohort. The execution of each subsequent phase is dependent on results from the previous phase.

Phase 1 is the initial evaluation of the PET radioligands. A suitable PET radioligand is expected to produce quantifiably higher binding in HD participants' brains compared to young HC participants' brains (since they do not express mHTT). Phase 1 is divided in two sub phases: Phase 1a will evaluate the basic safety and kinetic properties as well as brain uptake in three (3) young HCs; Phase 1b will test the difference in binding in six (6) HDGECs with Stage II HD compared to six (6) young HCs (three (3) young HCs will be imaged in addition to the three (3) young HCs from 1a. The rationale behind using young HCs in Phase 1 is to screen out HC participants who may have undiagnosed amyloid- (A) plaques, a potential off-target binding site for [C]CHDI-00485180-R. The rationale behind imaging HDGECs with Stage II HD in Phase 1 is based on the hypothesis that the density of mHTT aggregates increases with disease severity, and the ability to detect a difference in binding between HCs and HDGECs is expected to be higher in Stage II HD (more severe stages of HD will not be included in this study). An option to image three (3) pre-manifest HDGECs from Phase 2c (see below) will be included in case the results indicate that brain atrophy (i.e., loss of aggregate due to atrophy) affects the binding and evaluation of the PET radioligands in HDGECs with Stage II HD. For each of the two PET radioligands a Go/ No-Go evaluation will take place (for overview see Figure 1); if satisfactory results are not obtained for a particular radioligand, then that radioligand will not progress to evaluation in further phases. Promising results for either radioligand will lead to that particular radioligand continuing to Phase 2 evaluation.

Phase 2 will evaluate the sensitivity of the PET radioligand(s) to discriminate between different stages and severity of HD. In addition, a TRT in Phase 2 will evaluate the variability of repeated imaging for the PET radioligand. Phase 2 has a sequential design in sub phases that will assess the sensitivity of the radioligand in descending severity of HD: 2a in six (6) HDGECs with Stage II HD and six (6) age-matched controls; 2b in six (6) HDGECs with Stage I HD and six (6) age-matched controls; 2c in six (6) premanifest HDGECs and six (6) age-matched controls. The rationale for imaging groups of descending HD severity is based on the hypothesis that the density of mHTT aggregates increases with disease severity, and the ability to detect a difference in binding between HCs and HDGECs is expected to be lowest in the premanifest stage. This design will enable a stepwise assessment of the sensitivity of the PET radioligands. After each sub-phase a Go/No-Go evaluation will take place; if satisfactory results are not obtained for a particular radioligand then that radioligand will not be evaluated in further sub-phases. Promising results for either radioligand will lead to that particular radioligand continuing to the next sub-phase.

This study design allows each radioligand to be reviewed and analyzed after evaluation in each cohort. The progression through each level of analysis will indicate whether either or both radioligands will measure mHTT aggregate levels with sufficient sensitivity to become potential disease progression and efficacy biomarker(s) in HDGECs.

Details
Condition Dementia, Huntington's Chorea, Huntington's Disease
Treatment Radioligand [¹¹C]CHDI-00485180-R, Radioligand [¹¹C]CHDI-00485626
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03810898
SponsorCHDI Foundation, Inc.
Last Modified on4 August 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Pre-manifest HDGECs, HDGECs with Stage I HD, HDGECs with Stage II HD and HC
participants
Female and male adults, age 20-65 years old, inclusive
Body Mass Index (BMI) between 19 and 35 inclusive
Capacity to give full informed consent in writing, and have read and signed the informed consent form (ICF)
Are capable of complying with study procedures, including fasting and blood sampling
Able and willing to travel to imaging PET center in Leuven, Belgium
Willing to comply with the use of adequate contraceptive measures
Pre-manifest HDGECs
Do not have clinical diagnostic motor features of HD, defined as Unified Huntington's Disease Rating Scale (UHDRS) Diagnostic Confidence Score < 4; and
Have CAG expansion 40; and
Have a CAP score > 70 (as calculated with CAP formula: AGE (CAG - 30) / 6.49)
HDGECs with Stage I HD
Have clinical diagnostic motor features of HD, defined as UHDRS Diagnostic Confidence Score = 4; and
Have CAG expansion 40; and
Have Stage I HD, defined as UHDRS Total Functional Capacity (TFC) scores between 11 and 13 inclusive
HDGECs with Stage II HD
Have clinical diagnostic motor features of HD, defined as UHDRS Diagnostic Confidence Score = 4; and
Have CAG expansion 40; and Have Stage II HD, defined as UHDRS Total Functional Capacity (TFC) scores between 7 and 10 inclusive
HC participants
Have no known family history of HD; or
Have known family history of HD but have been tested for the huntingtin gene glutamine codon (CAG) expansion and are not at genetic risk for HD (CAG < 36)
Matched by age +/- 5 years
(Phase 1 only) under 35 years of age

Exclusion Criteria

Pre-manifest HDGECs, HDGECs with Stage I HD, HDGECs with Stage II HD, and HC
participants
Currently participating in or less than 30 days after completing participation in other therapeutic or imaging studies
Previous participation in PET imaging study that, cumulatively with the current study, will exceed annual regulatory limits for radiation exposure
Any disease, condition, or concomitant medication that significantly compromises the function of the body systems and that in the opinion of the Investigator, might interfere with the conduct of the study or its interpretation
Pregnant and breastfeeding females
Concomitant medication (ConMed) use of antiplatelet or anticoagulant therapy (inclusive of acetylsalicylic acid). (See full ConMed list attached.)
Needle phobia
HDGEC participants
If using any antidepressant, psychoactive, psychotropic or other medications
or nutraceuticals used to treat HD, the use of inappropriate (e.g., non-
therapeutically high) or unstable dose within 30 days prior to participation
HC participants
Family history of HD (unless genetic test confirming negative results)
For participants in optional CSF sample collection
Frequent headache, significant lower spinal deformity or major surgery; or
Bleeding disorder
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