Effects of Platelet Rich Plasma Injections on Biomarkers After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears

  • End date
    Sep 2, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Andrews Research & Education Foundation
Updated on 2 February 2021


A potential long-term consequence of anterior cruciate ligament injuries is the development of post-traumatic osteoarthritis in the years following injury. There are no curative treatments for osteoarthritis, increasing the importance of minimizing the occurrence of post-traumatic osteoarthritis following anterior cruciate ligament injuries. Current literature has begun to indicate that biochemical changes in the knee joint cartilage, such as chondrocyte death, following injury can contribute to the development of post-traumatic osteoarthritis.

The main objective of this study is to determine if an early intervention of joint aspiration and platelet rich plasma injection will positively affect the biomarkers representative of chondral degeneration in patients with anterior cruciate ligament injuries. We hypothesize that the intervention will reduce the volume of inflammatory and chondrodegenerative biomarkers following anterior cruciate ligament injury.


A non-surgical treatment option for the management of osteoarthritis include injectables such as corticosteroids and platelet rich plasma. These injectables work by positively affecting cartilage cells, also known as chondrocytes, and the cells of the joint lining tissue, also known as synoviocytes. Platelet rich plasma is an autologous derived blood product, i.e. a joint injectable made from the patient's own blood at the time and location of injection with simple blood centrifugation. Studies in the bench-top laboratory setting have provided in-vitro evidence that platelet rich plasma decreases synoviocyte production of metallometal proteases, an inflammatory protein with negative effects on cartilage and decreases the effects of inflammatory proteins.

Condition KNEE INJURY, Knee Injuries, Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear, Rupture of Anterior Cruciate Ligament, Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture, Knee Injuries
Treatment Control group, Experimental group
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04088227
SponsorAndrews Research & Education Foundation
Last Modified on2 February 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

No history of previous traumatic ipsilateral knee injury
Bone bruise visualized on MRI
No clinical evidence of posterior cruciate ligament injury with no more than grade 1 medial or lateral collateral ligament injury

Exclusion Criteria

Patients without a palpable knee effusion
An injury occurring more than 10 days before enrollment
Previous ipsilateral knee surgery
Intra-articular cortisone or platelet rich plasma injection into either knee within 3 months of injury
Participation in another clinical drug trial within the 4 weeks before injury
A history of any inflammatory disease or immune-comprised
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