Rationale: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a highly prevalent cardiac arrhythmia. AF is classified as paroxysmal or persistent AF, based on the duration and persistency of the arrhythmia. Despite state-of-the-art pharmacological therapies targeting the ventricular rate or aiming to restore sinus rhythm, many patients with persistent AF stay symptomatic. Catheter ablation, endocardial pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) in particular, is the most commonly applied approach to treat drug refractory persistent AF, but particularly in this patient group results are modest. Alternatively, the PVs can be approached epicardially by thoracoscopic surgery to isolate the PVs. This approach is more efficacious, at the cost of a more invasive procedure and longer hospital stay. However, no studies have been conducted comparing catheter with thoracoscopic ablation in patients with persistent AF as a primary invasive procedure after failing treatment with anti-arrhythmic medication.
Objective: This current study aims to assess a patient specific therapy plan for patients with persistent AF by randomizing thoracoscopic versus catheter ablation for PVI without adjuvant substrate ablation in those patients.
Study design: This is a prospective, non-blinded randomized multicenter study. Subjects will be randomized (1:1) to one of the two study-arms (thoracoscopic surgical or catheter PVI). The follow-up will last 5 years, with heart rhythm monitoring at three and six months, one year and yearly in the following years. In case AF recurs during the first year, the subject will receive the treatment of the otherother arm, or according to patient choice or clinical routine.
Study population: Patients with an indication for invasive treatment of persistent AF.
Intervention: Thoracoscopic surgical or catheter PVI without additional lesions.
|Condition||Atrial Fibrillation, Persistent|
|Treatment||Thoracoscopic pulmonary vein isolation without additional lesion + left atrial appendage exclusion/amputation, Catheter pulmonary vein isolation without additional lesions|
|Clinical Study Identifier||NCT04715425|
|Sponsor||Academisch Medisch Centrum - Universiteit van Amsterdam (AMC-UvA)|
|Last Modified on||2 February 2021|
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