Epidemiology of Abnormal Vaginal Discharge During Pregnancy

  • End date
    Dec 31, 2022
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Assiut University
Updated on 31 January 2021


Vaginitis among women of childbearing age is well acknowledged as a public health concern due to its high occurrence. Vulvovaginitis is a disorder of the vulva and/or vagina caused by infection, inflammation, or changes in the flora.

There are many types of infections that affect the vagina, the most common three types of infection: bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis, and candidiasis. Bacterial vaginosis is the most common vaginal infection in women of reproductive age causing thin and milky vaginal discharge with a fishy odor. Trichomoniasis causes a frothy, greenish-yellow discharge with a foul smell.

Vaginal Candidiasis is one of the most common fungal infections of the female genital tract and the second most common vaginal infection affecting women of reproductive age (after the bacterial infection worldwide. It affects more than 75% of women at least once in their lifetime, with approximately 50% of them also suffering a single recurrence.

About 75% of patients suffering from candidiasis are asymptomatic, but it may be symptomatic with clinical picture characterized by itching, vaginal pain, vulvar burning sensation, dyspareunia, dysuria and mildly unpleasant odor, erythema and vulvar edema, white-yellowish plaques on the walls of the vagina and cervix and cheesy vaginal discharge. The risk of vulvo-vaginal candidiasis increases by 30% during pregnancy also in pregnancy, the presence of vaginitis is related to abortion, intrauterine infection, fetal growth retardation, premature rupture of membranes, preterm birth, low birth weight, puerperal infection, and other adverse pregnancy outcomes.

Condition Vaginal Infection, vaginal infections
Treatment Vaginal Swab
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04719754
SponsorAssiut University
Last Modified on31 January 2021


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Inclusion Criteria

Is your age between 19 yrs and 40 yrs?
Are you female?
Do you have any of these conditions: vaginal infections or Vaginal Infection?
At any gestational age
Age of patient: 19-40

Exclusion Criteria

Women in labor
Women with current vaginal bleeding
Women with current preterm rupture of membrane
Women immunocompromised women
Women patients who refused to participate in the study
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