Aortic Regurgitation After Surgical Repair of Outlet-Type Ventricular Septal Defect

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    National Taiwan University Hospital
Updated on 7 November 2020
aortic valve replacement
ventricular septal defect


The major risk factors of aortic valve replacement in three outlet types VSD after surgical repair were the severity of preoperative AR and older operation age. For those patients with less than moderate degree AR preoperatively, AR progressed rarely and all in those with aortic valvar and subvalvar anomalies.


Progression of aortic regurgitation (AR) in repaired outlet (juxta-arterial, muscular outlet and perimembranous outlet) ventricular septal defect (VSD) remains unclear. From 1987 to 2002, 411 patients with complete follow-up after repair of outlet VSD constituted the study population. Study end point was aortic valve replacement or mortality. Aortic valve replacement was performed in seventeen patients (4.1%), in whom logistic regression showed only the severity of preoperative AR and age at VSD repair as the predictors. After excluding the eleven patients with endocarditis from analysis, there were 377 patients with none to mild AR (Group I) and 23 with moderate to severe AR (Group II) preoperatively. Total follow-up was 2,230 person-years. After VSD repair, the 5- and 10-year freedom from aortic valve replacement in Group I was 100%, and in Group II 50.2%. In Group II, ten patients received aortic valve replacement and 8 underwent valvuloplasty with VSD repair. One patient needed valve replacement four years later. Age at VSD repair was the predictor for aortic valve replacement. In Group I, AR progressed in four patients (1.2%, two juxta-arterial and two perimembranous outlet) 3.5 to 7.9 years later and was associated with aortic valvar or subvalvar anomalies. The event-free curves in three outlet types VSD showed no differences. Although AR progressed rarely (probably not in muscular outlet type) in repaired outlet types VSD with none to mild preoperative AR, in the presence of aortic valvar or subvalvar anomalies, early surgical repair of the VSD is still warranted.

Condition Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular, Aortic Valve Insufficiency
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT00173186
SponsorNational Taiwan University Hospital
Last Modified on7 November 2020


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