Pregnancy and Risk of Venous Thromboembolism

  • End date
    Oct 22, 2026
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Hospices Civils de Lyon
Updated on 28 January 2021


The management of venous thromboembolism (VTE) risk in pregnancy still remains a challenge. An individual assessment of the VTE risk is crucial for optimal thromboprophylaxis, but there is no validated tool to help clinicians stratify the risk in pregnant women and introduce prophylactic anticoagulation at the appropriate time. Recommendations mostly based on case-control studies and expert opinions do not accurately reflect the physician's need. In view of the lack of international recommendations with a high level of evidence regarding prophylactic treatment of pregnant women at risk of thrombosis, the use of a risk stratification tool that takes all individual risk factors for VTE into consideration and which aids decisions over prophylaxis regimens may help. Investigators have previously described a VTE risk score (the Lyon-VTE-score), rating patients at increased risk of VTE and recommending individually tailored management. A retrospective evaluation of the initial score showed favorable outcomes in pregnancies with a high risk of thrombosis. A subsequent multicenter prospective study reported promising results using this score and related management strategy. The efficacy and safety after 10 years of prospective use of the Lyon-VTE-score in daily practice to guide the prescription of antithrombotic prophylaxis during pregnancy was recently evaluated and the results showed that the Lyon-VTE-score allows a standardized approach with objective criteria and can help non-specialized centers and young doctors manage these high-risk pregnancies.

The results of previous studies provide consistent conclusions on the safety and efficacy of the approach of investigators and give background for a medico-economic study to evaluate costs and consequences of this procedure. The most recent study (2005) evaluating the cost of prophylaxis in pregnant women, evaluated this cost as $1292 for each 6-week cycle of treatment. In addition, the use of such a score offers the prospect of personalized medicine, which is probably more cost-efficient compared to "inclusive, equal treatment for all".

In antepartum, the decision to administer thromboprophylaxis should be considered on an individual basis with regard to lowering the absolute risk of thrombosis, the inconvenience of daily subcutaneous heparin therapy and the potential risks of bleeding, heparin-induced thrombocytopenia and osteoporosis. An individual assessment of the VTE risk is crucial for optimal thromboprophylaxis, but there is no validated tool to help clinicians to stratify VTE risk in pregnant women and to introduce prophylactic anticoagulation at the right time.

Most of the recommendations are grade 2C. They are mostly based on case-control studies and expert opinions and do not entirely highlight the physicians' need. The originality of this approach is the use of a risk stratification tool that takes all individual risk factors for VTE into consideration and that aids the decision-making process of antenatal anti-thrombotic prophylaxis. This study will personalize care using a score to individually assess the risk and propose appropriate prevention.

The main objective of this study is to conduct a medico-economic study to evaluate the efficiency of an innovative strategy integrating the Lyon-VTE-score in the management of pregnant patients with venous thromboembolism risk versus standard care.

Condition Thromboembolism, Thromboembolism, Pregnancy, Pregnancy, Thromboembolic Events, thromboembolic disease, thromboembolic event
Treatment Lyon-VTE score, recommendations currently available
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03659708
SponsorHospices Civils de Lyon
Last Modified on28 January 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Adult pregnant women at high risk of VTE (with a personal history of VTE and/or thrombophilia)
giving informed consent to participate to the study

Exclusion Criteria

contraindication to heparin therapy
women with obstetrical complications only, with no history of VTE (pre-eclampsia, HELLP[ Hemolysis, Elevated Liver enzymes, Low Platelet count],intra-uterine growth retardation, miscarriage, etc)
patients with a history of superficial venous thrombosis, and those with the highest VTE risk for whom clear recommendations with a high level of evidence are available (patients on long-term anticoagulants, or those with antiphospholipid syndrome or antithrombin deficiency)
Patient participating in an ongoing study that could interfere with the study
Patient under legal protection measure
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